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Splash Screen

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  1. Unit 3 Introduction Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue Splash Screen

  2. Unit 3 Looking Ahead Big Ideas Genre Focus: Poetry Literary Analysis Model: The Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson Wrap-Up Unit Menu

  3. Looking Ahead According to Nicaraguan poet Daisy Zamora, poetry is “a way of feeling life.” How does poetry help us “feel” life? Poetry captures intense experiences or creative perceptions of the world in a musical language. If prose is like talking, poetry is like singing. Each part in Unit Three focuses on a Big Idea that can help you connect the selection to your life. Intro

  4. End of Intro

  5. Nature Inspires Many poets take their subjects from nature. A flower, a bug, a morning, or an entire day— from these natural elements poets draw lessons about the human condition. The poems in Part 1 react to nature in various ways. As you read them, ask yourself, How much of the world around me do I really see? Big Idea

  6. Nature Inspires This painting by Marc Chagall has a dreamlike quality. What elements of nature are depicted? How does the dreamlike quality suggest inspiration? Answer: You should list elements such as the rooster, the tree, and the lake. The fantastic nature of the painting may suggest inspiration. Big Idea

  7. Life Lessons Perhaps the most important thing life teaches us is that there is always more to learn. Every experience brings a new lesson. The selections in this part explore the wisdom gained from some of life’s greatest teachers—love, family, and nature. As you read these poems, ask yourself, What lesson has each speaker learned? Big Idea

  8. Life Lessons Many of Andrew Gadd’s artworks are allegorical— they have meaning beyond the literal. What does this painting literally show? What might this painting represent figuratively? Answer: The painting literally shows some kids watching something. Answers will vary as to the figurative meaning. Big Idea

  9. The Strength of Family Family members sometimes seem to give one another endless grief, but the real truth about families lies in their healing power. The poems in Part 3 explore the strength of families. As you read the poems, ask yourself, what about my family might others find inspiring? Big Idea

  10. The Strength of Family This piece of art by Michael Escoffery uses bright colors and unexpected shapes. Do you think the title, “Circle of Love,” is a good title for the image? Why or why not? Answer: You should support your answer. Big Idea

  11. End of Big Ideas

  12. For pages 454–460 9.3 Understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of poetry and provide evidence from text to support understanding. Genre Focus

  13. Mexican poet Octavio Paz believes that “the poem is an original and unique creation, but it is also reading and recitation: participation.” Paz’s point is that poetry is meant to be read, understood, and enjoyed. Literary elements such as figurative language, rhyme, and rhythm help us to enjoy a poem. Genre Focus

  14. Organization In literature structure is the organization of images, ideas, and words. Poets often organize the ideas in their poems into stanzas—the “paragraphs” of poetry. Each stanza is made up of lines, or rows of words that may or may not form sentences. Form, or the external pattern of a poem, often dictates such elements as rhythm, meter, and rhyme. Genre Focus

  15. Rhythm and Meter Rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. A poem’s rhythm can be regular or irregular. Meter is the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that can establish the rhythm of a poem. Genre Focus

  16. Rhyme Rhyme is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sounds and any succeeding sounds in two or more words. For example, stop rhymes with drop. Internal rhyme occurs when two words in the same line rhyme. End rhyme occurs at the end of lines. In this passage, the end rhymes are underlined. Genre Focus

  17. Imagery Imagery is descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. Some images appeal to more than one sense. Genre Focus

  18. Figures of Speech A figure of speech is a word or expression that is not meant to be taken literally. Similes, metaphors, and personification are all figures of speech. A simile uses the word like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things. A metaphor compares two or more different things by stating or implying that one thing is another. Genre Focus

  19. Figures of Speech Personification attributes human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea. Genre Focus

  20. Metaphor Read the excerpt from “An Indian Summer Day” by Vachel Linsday. In what ways is the sun similar to a smoldering fire? Answer: The sun slowly lightens the land as it rises. Genre Focus

  21. Metaphor Read the excerpt from “An Indian Summer Day” by Vachel Linsday. What effect do you think the author wanted the metaphor to have? Answer: Possible answers: for the reader to feel the moment of the sunrise; to create a visual effect of the light moving across the plain. Genre Focus

  22. Sound Devices Writers use sound devices to underscore the meaning of certain words, to enhance rhythm, and to add to the musical quality of the work. For example, a poet might use alliteration—repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words—to draw the reader’s attention to the words and idea behind them. The repetition of a sound, word, phrase, line, or even an entire stanza is another frequently used sound device. Genre Focus

  23. Sound Devices Read the excerpt from “Lineage” by Margaret Walker. How does the repetition of the s sound affect these lines of the poem? Answer: The grandmothers are closely connected to the words sturdiness, singing, and strong. Genre Focus

  24. End of Genre Focus

  25. Reading PoetryHow does the poem’s rhythm and rhyme affect you? Answer: Characterize these elements and explain your personal reactions. Lit Analysis Model

  26. Reading PoetryWhen you read a poem, you should ask yourself the following questions: • What is the rhythm like—fast, slow, regular, or irregular? • What sound devices are used? • What effect do these elements have on the mood and on me? Lit Analysis Model

  27. Writer’s Technique RepetitionNote Tennyson’s use of repetition. The pounding rhythm of the poem echoes the sound of marching, drumming, hoof beats, and gunfire, bringing the battle to life and drawing the reader into the center of the drama. Lit Analysis Model

  28. ImageryIn addition to volleyed and thundered, what other words from this stanza evoke strong images? Answer: Possible answers: “jaws of Death” or “mouth of hell.” Lit Analysis Model

  29. Mathew Brady (1823–1896) is probably best known for his striking Civil War photographs, but he started out as a portrait photographer. He photographed many famous people of his time including politicians and authors. Lit Analysis Model

  30. When the Civil War began in 1861, Brady hired a team of photographers to document the war. Although Brady rarely photographed the war himself, the photos are attributed to him because he would not credit them to his staff members. Lit Analysis Model

  31. Reading Check InterpretWhat effect does the repetition of words and lines have on the depiction of the battle? Answer: The repetition re-creates the sounds of battle and evokes a feeling of inevitability and omni-present danger. The soldiers must do their duty and ride into the fray even though they are surrounded. The relentless rhythm gradually builds a sense of impending doom. Lit Analysis Model

  32. End of Lit Analysis Model

  33. Guide to Reading Poetry • Pay attention to the ways a poem may “refresh language” and make it seem new. • Use your emotions, experiences, and imagination to help you create meaning in a poem. • Read a poem at least three times: once for enjoyment, once for meaning, and once for structure and language. • Respond to a poem as a whole before analyzing its details. Wrap-Up

  34. Elements of Poetry • Poems are organized into stanzas. Each stanzacontains one or more lines. • Imageryis descriptive language that appeals to the five senses: sight, sound, smell, touch, taste. • Figurative languageis language used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly. Wrap-Up

  35. Elements of Poetry • A figure of speechis a word or expression that is not meant to be taken literally. • Rhythmis the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. • Rhymeand other sound devices repeat certain sounds to create musical effects. Wrap-Up

  36. Activities Use what you have learned about reading and analyzing poetry to complete one of the following activities. 1. Speaking/Listening Memorize a stanza of Tennyson’s “Charge of the Light Brigade.” Practice your delivery in front of a mirror, and then recite your stanza for the class. Wrap-Up

  37. Activities 2. WritingWrite a brief essay explaining the difference between the terms metaphor and simile. Write your own examples of each type of figurative language to include. 3. Note TakingTry using the following study organizer to keep track of the Big Ideas in this unit. Wrap-Up

  38. Foldables Study Organizer Make and label the Foldables Study Organizer. Then write notes about each literary element under each heading. Click on the link to the left for more on Foldables. Wrap-Up

  39. End of Wrap-Up

  40. Bellringer You have been studying poetry, in many forms, since early childhood. For example, nursery rhymes are a form of poetry. What other types of poetry do you recall?

  41. Unit 3 • The quality of adventure in Mary Stewart’s writing has made her one of the world’s most widely read novelists. • 2. Her spellbinding writing is carefully sprinkled with historical details. • 3. Stewart tells Arthurian legend in remarkably engrossing tales. Bellringer Transparency

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