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Industrial Pollution Control - Harmonization and Implementation in Bulgaria. Slavitza Dobreva Ministry of Environment and Water Bulgaria Final Seminar on Project LIFE CY98/CY/167 Nicosia, 7-8 June 2001. Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control.

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industrial pollution control harmonization and implementation in bulgaria

Industrial Pollution Control - Harmonization and Implementation in Bulgaria

Slavitza Dobreva

Ministry of Environment and Water

Bulgaria

Final Seminar on Project LIFE CY98/CY/167

Nicosia, 7-8 June 2001

directive 96 61 ec on integrated pollution prevention and control
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
  • Transposition into the Bulgarian legislation
  • Compliance Analysis
  • Implementation Challenges
directive 96 61 ec on integrated pollution prevention and control1
Aim and objectives of the Directive

To achieve integrated prevention and control of pollution arising from certain activities by means of measures to prevent or to reduce emissions from industrial facilities into air, water and land.

To establish a permit-issuing system for all the activities covered by the Directive.

Transposition into the Bulgarian legislation

Environmental Protection Act and its Amendments;

Regulation 4 on Environmental Impact Assessment.

Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
directive 96 61 ec on integrated pollution prevention and control2
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

Compliance Analysis

The existing legislative acts:

  • Partly transpose also the requirements of Regulation 1836/93/EEC on Eco-management and Audit Schemes (EMAS).
  • Consider the existing state of environment for certain industrial plants.
  • Identify the principle emissions and sources of pollution.
  • Establish programmes for complying with the requirements of the European environmental legislation.
  • Establish plans for self-monitoring.
  • Elaborate action plans in case of major accident hazards.
  • Set up conditions for keeping the activities of certain industrial plants and for control of these conditions.
directive 96 61 ec on integrated pollution prevention and control3
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

Lack of Compliance

  • With the mandatory character of the environmental audit.
  • With the procedure of permits-issuing.
  • The major industrial sites are not registered.
  • Best Available Techniques (BAT) are not applied in all appropriate preventive measures against pollution.
directive 96 61 ec on integrated pollution prevention and control4
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

Implementation Challenges

  • Need of adequate technical equipment.
  • Need of training for the competent specialists in order to improve their qualification.
industrial pollution control harmonization of legislation implementation of regulations
Directive 91/61/EC

Regulation 1836/93/EEC on EMAS

Regulation 880/92/EEC on eco-labeling

New Environmental Protection Act - 2001

Regulation on registration of sites with systems for eco-management and audit - 2002

Regulation on establishing a system to identify the compliance of certain industrial products with certain eco-requirements - 2002

Industrial Pollution Control Harmonization of Legislation/ Implementation of Regulations
industrial pollution control phare assistance
Industrial Pollution ControlPHARE Assistance
  • PHARE 1999 - Twinning Project BG99EN01B – Transposition of the environmental legislation and introduction and facilitation of the implementation of the IPPC Directives - Ireland
  • PHARE 2000 - Twinning Project BG2000EN01D – Training and application of the IPPC Directive on a regional level for specialists from the Regional Inspectorates and from the industrial sector - Germany
industrial pollution control phare assistance main objectives
Industrial Pollution ControlPHARE Assistance - Main Objectives
  • Twinning Project 99
  • Preparation of pilot integrated permits of two Bulgarian plants (Solvey Sodi and Agropolychim - Devnia) ;
  • Preparation of guidelines for determination of BATs;
  • Preparation of an inventory of IPPC sites in Bulgaria;
  • Further development of the IPPC permit template.
industrial pollution control phare assistance main objectives1
Industrial Pollution ControlPHARE Assistance - Main Objectives
  • Twinning Project 2000
  • Establishment of real working procedures including procedures for public accession to the whole process of issuing of a integrated permit;
  • Preparation of technical documents for specific industrial sectors (petrol refinery, non ferrous industries, landfill, iron & steel, cement & lime and pharmacy);
  • Set up of the procedures for preparation and issuing of integrated permits for the biggest industrial enterprises in the selected sectors;
  • Improvement of information exchange among stakeholders including the publishing of information bulletins for public participation, access to information, and information for main industries;
  • Definition of the financial resources needed to introduce BAT in Bulgaria.
industrial pollution control pilot permits issuing
Industrial Pollution ControlPilot Permits Issuing

Pilot Permits Issued

Funded by World Bank

  • Sevko Tannery - Sevlievo
  • Power Station - Pernik
industrial pollution control pilot permits issuing1
Industrial Pollution ControlPilot Permits Issuing

Pilot Permits in Process of Preparation

Funded by Phare -Twinning

Solvey Sodi Soda Ash Plant - Devnia

Agropolychim Fertilizers Plant - Devnia

Funded by DEPA

Sviloza Synthetic Fibres Plant - Svishtov

Union Minier Copper Smelter Plant - Pirdop

Non Ferrous Metals Plant - Plovdiv

Non Ferrous Metals Plant - Kardjali

Chimko Fertilizers Plant - Vratza