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Hinduism. Do Now. List any information you know about Hinudism. Essential Question. What are the teachings of Hinduism?. Hinduism. Hinduism began in India. The religion dates back to 1500 B.C.E., making it the worlds oldest religion. There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.

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do now
Do Now

List any information you know about Hinudism

essential question
Essential Question

What are the teachings of Hinduism?

  • Hinduism began in India.
  • The religion dates back to 1500 B.C.E., making it the worlds oldest religion.
  • There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.
  • Most Hindus still live in India.
  • Gave birth to Buddhism
how did hinduism begin
How did Hinduism begin?
  • No particular founder
  • Indus River Valley Civilization >5000 years ago
  • Aryansenter 4000 - 3500 years ago
  • Vedic Tradition 3500 – 2500 years ago:
    • rituals and many gods (polytheism)
    • sacred texts (Vedas)
    • social stratification (caste system)
hindu beliefs
Hindu Beliefs
  • Hindus believe in a single Divinity or supreme god that is present in everything called Brahman.
  • Hindus also believe in other gods who are aspects of that supreme God= polytheistic
  • Reincarnation is the belief that the soul repeatedly goes through a cycle of being born into a body, dying, and being reborn again in a new body.

Karma, a force that determines the quality of each life, depending on how well one behaved in a past life.

Create karma by our actions on earth. If you live a good life, you create good karma. If you live a bad life, you create bad karma.

do now1
Do Now

Please answer the following questions:

1) What is the oldest religion?

2) What is the name of the scared Hindu text?

3) Who is the top god?

4) List two reasons Hinduism is different from Christianity?


All these deities are but

Manifest forms (attributes

and functions) of the

impersonal Brahman

  • Each time a Hindu soul is born into a better life, it has the opportunity to improve itself further, and get closer to ultimate liberation=Moksha.
  • One attains Moksha when they no longer desire anything at all.

G.D. Why do you think Hindus believe in karma?


Why are desires bad? What are the benefits/drawbacks of reincarnation?

sacred writings
Sacred Writings
  • The Vedas (written down 1200-900BCE, but based on older oral versions).
  • The Upanishads which means the inner or mystic teaching that were passed down from guru (teacher) to disciple (student).
hindu life goals
Hindu Life Goals
  • Hinduism is about leading your life in a good way in order to be born into a better life next time and ultimately achieve liberation.

There are 4 goals in life:

  • dharma (appropriate living)
  • artha (the pursuit of material gain by lawful means)
  • kama (delight of the senses)
  • moksha (release from rebirth).
hindu duties
Hindu Duties
  • Each Hindu has 4 daily duties:
  • Revere the deities (gods)
  • Respect ancestors
  • Respect all beings
  • Honor all humankind
  • G.D. Are the Hindu Life Goals and duties similar/different to other religions we have studied?
rest of the class activities
Rest of the Class Activities

Please complete the following:

Test Corrections (Write out the question and the corrections x2 including the essay)

Islam Sheet

Workbook p 8-9

Reading Guide p 23-26

do now2
Do Now

Please answer the following questions:

1) List the sacred texts for the following religions: Judaism, Hindu, Christianity and Islam

2) Define karma and reincarnation

the hindu caste system

The Hindu Caste System

Social Structure in India

essential question1
Essential Question

Is the caste system fair/just?


How Caste Shapes Society


A type of social organization/hierarchy in which a person’s occupation and position in life is determined by the circumstances of their birth.


How Caste Shapes Society

  • Rigid, hereditary membership into birth caste
  • Marriage only among member of same caste
  • Occupation choices restricted
  • Personal contact with other castes restricted
  • Acceptance of fixed place in society



Code of behavior or set of moral and ethical rules

How One’s Caste is Determined


The Four Castes

  • Brahmins – Priests, Teachers, Judges; usually don’t own land therefore need other castes to work the land and provide for them
  • Kshatriyas– Warriors and Rulers (landowners)
  • Vaisyas – Skilled Traders, Merchants, Farmers

The Four Castes

  • Sudras – Unskilled Workers—Laborers and Craft workers
  • Untouchables – Outcastes
  • Concept of pollution…the most pure at the top (Brahmins) and the most polluted at the bottom (Untouchables)

In your GD groups answer the following questions:

After studying the beliefs of Hindus, do you believe the caste system is a fair/just system? Explain and write down arguments to support your answer

class activity
Class activity

Finish work from yesterday

Workbook p 8-9

Reading Guide p 23-26

And using page 64

Draw the what the caste system looked like in India