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HINDUISM BASIC BELIEFS Writings Rig Veda: earliest and most revered Series of 1,028 hymns Written between 1500-1200 BC Upanishads: (means “sitting near” master) Written between 800-300 BC Discusses reincarnation Gives emphasis to spiritual development and reverence for all life

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hinduism

HINDUISM

BASIC BELIEFS

writings
Writings
  • Rig Veda: earliest and most revered
    • Series of 1,028 hymns
    • Written between 1500-1200 BC
  • Upanishads: (means “sitting near” master)
    • Written between 800-300 BC
    • Discusses reincarnation
    • Gives emphasis to spiritual development and reverence for all life
  • Bhagavad-Gita : poem between human, Prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna
    • Basically advice
    • Considered “Bible” of Hinduism
hindu ideas about gods
HINDU IDEAS ABOUT GODS
  • SOMETHING ETERNAL WITH DIVINE HEART IN ALL CREATION
  • ALWAYS CHANGING
  • ONE DIETY BUT WITH INCARNATIONS AND PERSONIFICATION
  • MONOTHEISTIC AND POLYTHEISTIC
the trimuverate trinity
THE TRIMUVERATE(TRINITY)

BRAHMA

VISHNU

SHIVA

brahma
BRAHMA
  • PERSONIFICATION OF ABSOLUTE
  • SUPREME GOD IN TRIAD
  • SEEN AS CREATOR
  • NOT WORSHIPPED BECAUSE HIS JOB IS ALREADY DONE
  • LASTS FOR 2,160,000,000 YEARS, FALLS TO RUIN AND BRAHMA RECREATES IT
  • NOT “GOD” BUT IN EVERYTHING
vishnu
VISHNU
  • PRESERVER
  • TRANSCENDENT LOVE
  • CONSTANT COMPASSION FOR WORLD
  • CLOSE TO WORLD AND INVOLVED IN ACTIVITIES
  • 10 INCARNATIONS
shiva
SHIVA
  • CREATIVE AND DESTRUCTIVE FORCE
  • GOD OF DUALITY
  • WILL DESTROY WORLD AT END OF THIS KALPA
  • BRINGS DEATH
  • DESTROYS IGNORANCE
  • GOD OF FERTILITY
  • GOD OF YOGIS AND ASCETICS
philosophy of hinduism
Philosophy of Hinduism
  • Karma: cause and effect where actions in past life affect current life
    • Deeds done in this life, effect others
    • inescapable
  • Yoga: discipline (work) that leads to eternal life
    • Janana Yoga: power of mind, meditation
    • Bhakti Yoga: devotional yoga, live with your Karma
    • Karma Yoga: service to others
    • Raja Yoga: comes all three above into one
    • Hatha Yoga: practice complete control over mind and body
caste system
Caste System
  • Social hierarchy based on Karma
  • Can’t move between castes
  • Some reforms in modern world, but limited in scope due to tradition
  • Levels of System:
    • Brahmins: education elite (priests)
    • Kshatriyas: ruling/military class
    • Vaisyas: merchants and farmers
    • Sudras: peasantry
    • Untouchables: beneath all
basic beliefs
Basic Beliefs
  • Vedas are inspired teachings
  • Brahman is impersonal and personal, manifested in many forms
  • Physical world is temporary and conceals truth unless you are very wise
  • Karma brings accountability
  • Humans trapped in reincarnation cycle until attaining true realization
  • Many ways to reach absolute
  • Family important
way of life
Way of Life
  • Samsara: humans in long cycle of repetitive incarnation
  • Moksha: liberation from Karma cycle
  • Asceticism: practices disciplines of the body, one way to release from Karma cycle
  • Every person has for aspirations: pleasure, development of wealth, righteousness, liberation of Karma cycle
  • Ahisma: absolute reverence for life