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USNORTHCOM as Inland SAR Coordinator. Committed to provide or arrange for SAR services for persons in potential or actual distress at your request, no matter what the magnitude of the event. USNORTHCOM/J35 SAR/PR June 2014. NORAD & USNORTHCOM. Vision

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Usnorthcom as inland sar coordinator

USNORTHCOM as Inland SAR Coordinator

Committed to provide or arrange for SAR services for persons in potential or actual distress at your request, no matter what the magnitude of the event



June 2014

Norad usnorthcom


With our trusted partners, we will defend North America by outpacing all threats, maintaining faith with our people and supporting them in their times of greatest need.


The NORAD Mission: The North American Aerospace Defense Command conducts aerospace warning, aerospace control, and maritime warning in the defense of North America.

The USNORTHCOM Mission: The United States Northern Command partners to conduct homeland defense, civil support, and security cooperation to defend and secure the United States and its interests.

Center of Gravity = Trusted Partnerships

Commander s priorities
Commander’s Priorities

  • Expand and strengthen our trusted partnerships

  • Advance and sustain the binational military command

  • Gain and maintain all-domain situational awareness

  • Advocate and develop capabilities in our core mission areas to outpace all threats

  • Take care of our people; they are our foundation

Usnorthcom responds to the full spectrum of sar
USNORTHCOM responds to the Full Spectrum of SAR


Mass Rescue Ops (MRO)


Sar services covered by the nsp
SAR Services covered by the NSP

  • Maritime (involving rescue from a water environment)

  • Aeronautical (including civil SAR assistance in the vicinity of airports)

  • Land (including civil SAR operations in environments such as remote areas, swift water, caves, mountains, etc.)

  • Urban Search and Rescue (US&R)

  • Provision of initial assistance at or near the scene of a distress situation (e.g., initial medical assistance or advice, medical evacuations, provision of needed food or clothing to survivors etc.)

  • Delivery of survivors to a place of safety where further assistance can be provided, or further transportation arranged if necessary.

  • Saving of property when it can be done in conjunction with or for the saving of lives

  • Mass Rescue Operations (MROs) and;

  • SAR services associated with Incidents of National Significance covered by the National Response Framework

DoD can be called upon to provide any of the SAR services covered

RFA should read: “…provide SAR Services…”

Ways to get federal dod sar support
Ways to get Federal/DoD SAR support

  • Civil Authority - direct to a DoD Official

    • May respond under Immediate Response Authority IAW DoDD 3025.18

  • Civil Authority - to Rescue Coordination Center (RCC)

    • RCC will coordinate SAR services IAW SAR Coordinator responsibilities IAW National SAR Plan and National SAR Supplement

    • DoD policy to respond IAW DoDI 3003.01

      • “DoD shall support domestic civil authorities providing civil SAR services to the fullest extent practicable on a non-interference basis with primary military duties… “

    • Each Participant will fund its own activities….unless otherwise provided for by law or arranged by the Participants in advance, and will not allow cost reimbursement to delay response to any person in danger or distress.

  • Civil Authority - submit written request with commitment to reimburse IAW DoDD 3025.18

    • Normally after ESF#9 activated

      • CDRUSNORTHCOM serve as DoD lead in the USNORTHCOM AOR for matters pertaining to planning and operation of ESF#9 (IAW DoDI 3003.01 pg 9 Sept 26 2011)

    • Normally associated with a Mission Assignment post Declaration (Stafford Act)

T10 sar response how fast we bring it
T10 SAR Response – How fast we bring it…


*Immediate Response

DSCAEXORD Forces Timeline

*Under Service C2

*Inland SAR



Assigned / Allocated


to Deploy

<24hr Deploy


On Status




24hr PTDO

24hr Source

Deploy to AO


Internal Use

24hr Source

24hr PTDO

Deploy to AO


to Deploy



RFF needed

Large Scale Response

Deploy to AO

96 hr PTDO

Source +








Speed of execution is directly linked to timely receipt of MAs from Primary Agency


Cjcs dsca exord capabilities jun 13
CJCS DSCA EXORD Capabilities Jun 13

  • CAT 1 Assigned and Allocated Forces

  • CCDR can place on PTDO ; deploy after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; can employ upon receipt CCDR validated & approved PA RFA & after notifying CJCS & SECDEF

  • CAT 2 Pre-Identified Resources (24hr source + 24 hr PTDO)

  • CCDR can coordinate directly w/force providers to identify, place on 24-hr PTDO after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; req force providers deploy forces to AOR/JOA after notifying CJCS & SECDEF (reasonable expectation of a PA RFA); employ upon receipt of CCDR validated & approved PA RFA & after notifying CJCS & SECDEF

  • Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO)/Defense Coordinating Element

  • NORTHCOM Joint Enabling Capability (JEC)

  • All assigned and allocated Forces (Including CBRN)

  • Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC)

  • DOD installations as Base Support Installations

  • 8 MAFFS-capable C-130 aircraft w/crews & appropriate C2/support ISO NIFC ops

  • DOD civilian NIFC-qualified firefighters (volunteers)


  • 4 utility med/hvy lift helicopters or tilt-rotor AC w/ C2, sptpers/equip

  • 14 utility light/med lift helos or tilt-rotor AC (SAR w/hoist) w/ C2, sptpers/equip

  • Aerial SAR Package; 3 SAR dedicated helos or tilt-rotor assets capable of helo air-to-air refueling (HAAR)/tilt-rotor air-to-air (TAAR) refueling, night vision goggles (NVG), rescue hoist equipped and capable of inserting and recovering pararescue teams , and forward looking infrared (FLIR), 2 fixed wing aircraft for HAAR/TAAR, NVG Ops and FLIR, equipped and capable of inserting and recovering pararescue teams, and FLIR; 2 para rescue teams (2X 7 PRM UTC) capable of fixed-wing and rotary wing airland or airdrop insertion of SAR team insertion and equipment; appropriate C2 for sustained operations; (up to 10 days)

  • C2 Comms support pkgs (C4 planning spt team, Initial/early entry pkg)

  • One IAA aircraft (w/Line of sight data link/FMV downlink)

  • USTRANSCOM initial NDMS patient movement capability and enabling assets

  • DOD NDMS Federal Coordinating Centers (FCC)

  • Deployable medical platform (EMEDS or early entry team)

  • USTRANSCOM personnel to staff a Deployment Distribution Operations Center (DDOC)– USNORTHCOM Forward

  • 1 Joint Task Force – Port Opening

  • 8 planners to provide SME

  • 1 Deployable Global Broadcasting System (GBS) and team

  • 3 Rover video receive systems w/ retrans capability of FMV to NC

  • 3 satellite comm sys and teams to integrate w/Rover systems

  • email. Also must be off-road vehicle capable.

  • Modular aerial spray system (MASS) capable C-130 aircraft, crews, w/ C2, sptpers/equip

  • Strat Transportation-Trans for personnel, equipment and supplies

  • 10 WC-130 Hurricane Hunter A/C & crews w/C2, suptpers/equip iSO NOAA

  • CAT 3 Resources for Internal Use (24hr source + 24hr PTDO)

  • CCDR can coordinate directly w/force providers to source; place on 24-hr PTDO after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; req force providers deploy forces to AOR/JOA after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; employ after notifying CJCS & SECDEF. Forces may be deployed/employed w/or w/o PA RFA. Forces w/o RFA limited to supporting DOD internal reqmts.

  • One Mobile Public Affairs Detachment

  • One Joint Public Affairs support element or team (2 AF, 2 USN/USMC)

  • 4 Combat Camera teams each w/5 members. 1 team MAFFS qualified

  • DOD NDMS bed status reporting capability

  • MED Force Pkg: Med Log; Preventive Medicine;

  • 3 Civil Authority Info Support Element (CAISE) LNOs

  • One Director of Mobility Forces – Air

  • Base Support Installations

  • 2 Religious support team (Deploy with EMEDS)

  • Maritime Command Element

  • Theater Opening Force Pkg: Cbt Sustainment SptBtl; Human Resources Element (JRSOI), Cargo Transfer

  • Contracting support element and DLA initial response Team

CAT 4 Large Scale Response Resources (Sec Def RFF approval; 24 hrs to source, 96 hrs PTDO) CCDR submits RFF w/cost estimate (RFF can be submitted w/o PA RFA); requires SECDEF approval to place on PTDO, deploy & employ

  • SAR Package

  • 12 SAR capableHelos

  • 3 SAR helos/2 Para rescue teams

  • 2 fixed wing

  • 2 Portable ATC towers

  • 1 Air Ground Coord cell

  • 1 Airborne C2 Platform

  • Medical Package

  • Transportation Package

  • C2 Augmentation Package

  • Communications Force Pkg

  • Theater Opening Force Pkg

  • Wildland Firefighting Force Package

  • IAA Force Package

  • Maritime Force Package

Keys to success
Keys to Success

  • SAR is a time critical (72 hrs) lifesaving mission area

  • To be successful, SAR capability must be called early

  • Integrated Planning by all agencies is critical

    • No one agency can handle every contingency themselves

    • Thresholds and gaps pre identified

  • Local/State Lead (Incident Management)

    • But multi Agency Coordination/support

    • Supporting relationships (not C2) is proven successful

  • Air Coordination Plan is a best practice Including:

    • Mission altitude Stratification

    • Mission prioritizations

    • Compatible Comms

  • Use of CISAR addendum/NIMS/ICS

What can dod help you with
What can DoD help you with?

DoD is not interested in taking over, but DoD can multiply the force, in support of the effort and can bring:

  • Unique capability:

    • SAR Coordination via RCC and Air Coordination ability

    • Specialized Personnel for Planning and Ops

    • Access to specialized assets

  • Timely response:

    • Immediate response from installations in the vicinity

  • Surge resources:

    • More of what is needed to get over the hump

Usnorthcom update

  • DoD section of NSS

    • More user friendly

    • Adding planning section with examples

    • Looking for your feedback

  • Hurricane/Catastrophic planning

    • Planned/exercised with AK, tried to use MV 22s

    • Working detailed hurricane plans

  • CDRUSNORTHCOM become Federal SAR Coordinator for AK

  • Working with Mexico

    • Cross border SAR agreements

    • Future exercises

How can usnorthcom sar help
How can USNORTHCOM SAR help?

  • Issues

  • Assistance requested

  • Future engagements

  • Other

Your feedback is valuable and will help make us all more successful

Tailored sar support
Tailored SAR Support

  • SAR Planner/SME Support

    • NSARC Working Groups

    • State SAR Plans

    • CISAR/Integrated SAR Planning

    • SAR Orientation Training

    • Exercise Development

  • Dual Status Commander (DSC)

    • Joint Enabling Capability (JEC)

Points of Contact

Lt Col Ian Kemp AFRCC/CC

[email protected]

850-283-5084 DSN: 523-5084

Mr. Joseph “Tractor” Sokol


[email protected]

719-554-3867 DSN: 692-3867

Mr Anthony Cornett


[email protected]

850-283-5083 DSN: 523-5083




We’re committed to your success

Usnorthcom sar responsibilities
USNORTHCOM SAR Responsibilities

  • SECDEF designated CDR USNORTHCOM as the Inland SAR Coordinator for the contiguous 48 states (Langley Search and Rescue Region (SRR)) (4 Nov 2009)

    • CDRUSNORTHCOM serve as DoD lead in the USNORTHCOM AOR for matters pertaining to planning and operation of ESF#9 (DoDI 3003.01 Sept 26, 2011)

USNORTHCOM has additional Civil Support SAR responsibility/authorities

SAR may be requested outside of normal DSCA channels

Sar responsibilities
SAR Responsibilities

The SAR Coordinator is the federal person or agency with overall responsibility for establishing and providing civil SAR services for a specific U.S. SRR.

  • Develop SAR policy

  • Establish, staff, equip & manage the SAR system

  • Provide appropriate legal and funding support

  • Establish RCCs and RSCs

  • Provide or arrange for SAR facilities and SAR resources

  • Coordinate SAR training and exercises

  • SAR case suspension authority or delegation of authority

  • (Vol II, IAMSAR Manual)

Mission statement
Mission Statement

  • USNORTHCOM establishes and maintains the Search and Rescue System to coordinate and provide timely and effective response throughout the full spectrum of Civil Search and Rescue, honor international commitments, meet U.S. domestic needs, and assume DoD role as a Primary Agency for Emergency Support Function #9 planning and operations within the 48 contiguous United States.

Summary: Provide or arrange for SAR services for persons in potential or actual distress

Usnorthcom sar pr architecture




  • CDR USNORTHCOM – SAR Coordinator (Inland)

  • Peterson AFB, CO

  • Strategic Responsibilities

  • Policy, Guidance, Interagency Coord

  • Federal ESF#9

  • CDR AFNORTH/JFACC – SAR Operations Coordinator

  • Tyndall AFB, FL

  • Operational Responsibilities

  • Coordinates Resources

Two operational organizations co-located and in mutual support

  • NC JPRC (Joint Personnel Recovery Center) AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL

  • Joint, Deployable

  • Operational & Tactical PR-SAR Planners

  • Fill ESF#9/CISAR nodes as required

  • AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)

  • AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL

  • Routine Civil SAR for Inland SRR (Langley)

  • Key in State Coordination and Training

  • Initiate Catastrophic Incident SAR (CISAR)


Federal sar coordination group fsarcg
Federal SAR Coordination Group (FSARCG)

  • Plan and coordinate federal SAR response in support of the RRCC/IMAT/IST and affected State/local authority having jurisdiction

    • Comprised of ESF #9 Primary Agency Reps (FEMA, USCG, NPS, DoD)

  • ESF#9 Support Agencies as incident dictates (FAA, USFWS, or other federal agencies (NGB) reps to the FSARCG)

  • Benefits

    • Improved federal SAR communications & coordination

      • The right resource at the right place at the right time

    • More accurate and timely capability gap analysis

    • Improved resource identification and agency sourcing

    • Enhanced ability to assist RRCC/IMAT/IST and States with integrated planning as requested

  • Bottom Line: Not a C2 entity--Primary and Support agency coordination enables more efficient interoperable execution

  • Improves efficiency and effectiveness of Federal SAR Resources

    Will be requested from FEMA National (Top Down)

    Catastrophic incident sar cisar addendum
    Catastrophic Incident SAR (CISAR) Addendum

    CISAR Addendum

    • Direct lesson from Katrina where there was no interagency plan

    • National Guidance & Standardization

    • Simplify the integration and operation of non-local organization resources to enable efficient & effective SAR operations in support of state and local governments in the event of a catastrophic event

    Why CISAR Addendum?

    • Lessons Learned

    • Diverse SAR cultures

    • Sets baseline expectations

    • ** There was/is NO other guidance….

    Military support to us r
    Military Support to US&R

    • FEMA identified need – augments existing 28 Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) Task Forces in the event of a large scale, collapse structure SAR event

      • Driven by SAR search objectives(s) - Through Primary Search in 72 hours

        • Military support can increase capability up to 4x

      • Sourced by combination of skilled response by National Guard CERFP/HRF Search and Extraction (S/E) Elements and General Purpose troop support

    • CONOPS presented to FEMA in Aug ’11 (in refinement)

    • Incorporated into National Level Exercises (NLE-11) (not successful)

    • Part of Complex Catastrophe initiative – Mass Search and Rescue

    Military support to us r1
    Military Support to US&R

    Response timeline begins with notification/request

    • N+0: ESF #9 Teleconference

      • FEMA initiates military support RFA

      • USNORTHCOM coordinates response

      • Required Airlift identified

    • N+6: FEMA US&RTFs and NG S/E Elements prepare to deploy

      • Travel by ground < 400 miles

      • Travel by air > 400 miles

      • Phased response

    • N+24: Initial Military augmenting forces on-scene, trained and ready to commence operations

    • N+72: Primary Searches complete

      • SAR operations normally not effective after incident +72 hours

      • Begin transition to Recovery Operations

    Coordination with ng

    USNORTHCOM J35 SAR/PR works closely with NGB J35, ANG and ARNG AVS

    Open lines of communication during an event

    USNORTHCOM JPRC and J36 have SAR Operations Specialists that participate in Joint Force Orientations and are part of Joint Enabling Capability

    Assist with state planning

    Understand when and where Federal assistance may be required

    Part of a JTF under a Dual Status Commander

    Goal is for all participants/stakeholders clearly understand

    Process to get resources

    Incident Management

    Organizational C2

    Shared understanding of roles, responsibilities and expectations ensures a properly sequenced, synchronized, and integrated response in time to save every life possible

    Coordination with NG

    Issues ARNG AVS

    Stumbling blocks:

    • Process and funding to get SAR resources

      • Is MA with funding stream required to get SAR Services?

    • Incident Management

      • Who is in Charge?

    • Organizational Command & Control--OPCON/TACON

      • Services or SAR Ops Coordinator

      • How about DSC?

      • Relationship to DCO?

    Hurricane observations
    Hurricane Observations ARNG AVS

    • ESF#9 partnership continuing to improve

      • Sustain/refine successes of FSARCG

      • Clarify/Promulgate Roles and Responsibilities

    • Although proactive deploying people, could benefit from being earlier

      • Must be in place and FOC by H-48

    • Top down Mission Assignments worked well for SAR

      • Federal SAR Coordination Group

      • Identify, move and Stage SAR capability

      • Provide medium lift, rotary wing aircraft to conduct SAR

      • Utilized National Guard prepositioned forces (TF Guardian)

        • MA didn’t include Pay and allowances

    • Operational requirements must be pushed earlier to NC to source

    • C2 still not resolved – Much discussion of command relations and some recommendations do not match responsibilities or JP-1

    Planning coordination agreements

    MOAs for Routine SAR- no change ARNG AVS, CDR USNORTHCOM has delegated that authority to CDR AFNORTH

    USNORTHCOM highly encourages and recommends collaborative preplanning and coordination for Catastrophic Incident SAR

    USNORTHCOM encourages agreements that address CISAR

    Separate MOA may be most appropriate

    CDR USNORTHCOM will be involved in CI SAR

    Playbook development

    Shared understanding of roles, responsibilities and expectations will ensure a properly sequenced, synchronized, and integrated response in time to save every life possible


    Key take aways
    Key Take- ARNG AVSaways

    • SAR is a time critical mission

      • 72 hour window

      • Top down MAs are good

    • SAR is not routine DSCA

      • SAR will be responding as JTF is standing up

    • CDRUSNORTHCOM has additional SAR Responsibilities and Authorities

      • Will deploy to be ready to employ when DSC/AHJ needs SAR

    • MORE- SOONER- CLOSER is better