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Gabriella Bianchi Coordinator, Marine and Inland Fisheries Service FAO, Rome PowerPoint Presentation
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Gabriella Bianchi Coordinator, Marine and Inland Fisheries Service FAO, Rome
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  1. FISKERIPOLITIKK I BEVEGELSENordisk fiskerikonferanse Universitetet i Tromsø, 23-24 oktober 2012 Gabriella Bianchi Coordinator, Marine and Inland Fisheries Service FAO, Rome

  2. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012

  3. Major changes over last 15 years Rising demand for fish & fishery products Increase in global aquaculture production Growth in world trade of fish & fishery products Global call for responsible governance

  4. World review • Global production • 148.5 million tonnestotal • Total value US$217.5 billion • Capture : 88.6 million tonnes • marine: 77.4 million • inland : 11.2 million • Aquaculture : 59.9 million tonnes

  5. Fish as food 128 million tonnes Record 18.4 kg/capita 47% from aquaculture 15% of animal protein for4.3 billion people

  6. inland capture Trends in global fishproduction inlandaquaculture marine aquaculture marine capture

  7. World review Marine capture fisheries 77.4 million tonnes Variations in catch trends 27% from Northwest Pacific

  8. Fishingareaswithstrongfluctuations in production

  9. Fishingareaswithdecreasingtrends in production

  10. Fishingareaswithincreasingtrends in production

  11. Exploitation status byFishingArea

  12. Increasein catchesfrom the sea can onlytake place as a result of restoringoverexploitedfish stocks !

  13. World review • Inland fisheries • >11 million tonnes • Catch statistics poor • Resources vulnerable to habitat degradation • Contribution to food & nutrition security underestimated

  14. Inland capture fisheriesproductionbyregion

  15. World review • Aquaculture • Fastest-growing food sector • annual growth rate 8.8% • 59.9 million tonnes in 2010 • Value US$119 billion • Increasing % of fed species

  16. Majoraquacultureproducers

  17. Fish supply Source: FAO FISHSTAT

  18. Bridging the supply-demand gaps • If aquaculture production follow the recent trend, expected aquaculture growth rate: • 4.0 percent annually. • To feed growing world population, required aquaculture growth rate: • 5.6 percent annually.

  19. Key challengesforaquaculture • Land and water availability • Feeds: availability of Fishmeal and Fish Oil • Transfer of technology and knowledge to most needed nations and regions • Minimizing aquaculture ecosystem impacts • Minimizing negative impacts on aquaculture; e.g. climate change, industrial pollution • Improving biosecurity and health management • Improve financing and investment specially for small farmers • Conducive policy

  20. Main messages • Demand for fish is increasing and will continue to do so • Capture fisheries can only increase its contribution by strengthening governance to maximize natural productivity • Increased demand will have to be met mainly through increased aquaculture production • Aquaculture also requires good governance and a change in species that are cultivated to aim at lower trophic levels

  21. TAKK