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  1. Cognition at Stanford Jay McClelland & Lera Boroditsky Spring, 2009

  2. the cognitive faculties decision making perception memory executive functions learning &development language semantic cognition

  3. the cognitive faculty decision making perception executive functions language learning &development memory semantic cognition

  4. some of the questions • How do we get so smart? How does neural tissue think? • How do we acquire, construct, store and use knowledge? • How do we make meaning out of sensory data? • How do we learn language and communicate? • How does your brain translate the strange series of hisses, tones, puffs, and pops I am producing with my mouth into meaningful thoughts? • How do language, experience, and culture shape the way we think? • How do we remember, why do we forget? • What does it mean to imagine? • How do we reason and make decisions? • How does sophisticated behavior emerge out of simple building blocks?

  5. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • measuring all aspects & products of human behavior

  6. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children

  7. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children • fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS

  8. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children • fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS • patient populations • J • L Semantic dementiapatient’s drawing of a swan

  9. Hippocampus Relation Cue Context Response Neo-Cortex the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children • fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS • patient populations • computational modeling

  10. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children • fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS • patient populations • computational modeling • cross-cultural comparisons

  11. the methods • testing adults • individually & in interactions • in the lab and out in the world • testing children • fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS • patient populations • computational/mathematical modeling • cross-cultural comparisons • linguistic analyses

  12. Lera Boroditsky How can we mentally represent things we could never see or touch? How do the languages we speak shape the ways we think? What does it mean to imagine?

  13. Herb Clark Cognitive and social processes in language use and discourse. What speakers mean in saying what they say. Pretense, deception, irony… Special interest in conversation. wife: I’m leaving. husband: Who is he?

  14. Jay McClelland* • computational modeling • cognitive development • context effects • critical periods • concepts • continuity in processing, representation and learning • causal reasoning • comprehension • convergent contributions of collaborating brain areas How does complex behavior emerge from simple processing and learning mechanisms? *according to l.b.

  15. Ewart Thomas Statistical methods. Mathematical and experimental analyses of information processing, equity, and small-group processes.

  16. Life after Stanford Steven Kosslyn Harvard David Rumelhart Stanford Larry Barsalou Emory Bob Sternberg Yale Keith Holyoak UCLA Beth Loftus UC Irvine Richard Shiffrin Indiana John Anderson CMU Steve Sloman Brown Brian Ross Illinois Mark Gluck Rutgers Larry Maloney NYU Greg Murphy NYU Lynn Cooper Columbia

  17. Life after Stanford