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The Thirty Years War. The war begins in 1618 when Protestant Bohemian nobles toss royal officials out a window. Spain, Portugal, Poland, and other Catholic states fought Sweden, the Netherlands, and other Protestant states. The war destroyed much of Germany and killed 1/3 of the population.

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the thirty years war
The Thirty Years War
  • The war begins in 1618 when Protestant Bohemian nobles toss royal officials out a window.
  • Spain, Portugal, Poland, and other Catholic states fought Sweden, the Netherlands, and other Protestant states.
  • The war destroyed much of Germany and killed 1/3 of the population.
  • In 1648 the Peace of Westphalia was signed. France won, Hapsburgs lost.
  • Germany divided for next 200 years.
hapsburg austria
Hapsburg Austria
  • The Hapsburgs were weakened in Europe after the Thirty Years War.
  • The Austrian Empire turns toward the East and the weak Empire of the Turks for expansion.
  • Maria Theresa takes control of the Hapsburg lands .
  • There were many different cultures in the Empire.
hapsburg austria5
Hapsburg Austria
  • The greatest threat to Austria and Maria Theresa came from Frederick II of Prussia.
  • Frederick II took the rich mining area of Silesia after promising not to bother Maria Theresa.
  • The War of the Austrian Succession helps unify Austria and Hungary.
  • The Austrians never regain Silesia.
  • Joseph II continues many of Maria Theresa’s policies. Enlightened despot/king
hohenzollern prussia
Hohenzollern Prussia
  • The Hohenzollern settled in Brandenburg-Prussia after taking lands from the church.
  • The Hohenzollerns limited the power of the Junkers or German nobles.
  • The Prussians set up an efficient army and government.
  • Frederick the Great or Frederick II was trained from birth to be a soldier.
hohenzollern prussia9
Hohenzollern, Prussia
  • Frederick II took the rich mining area of Silesia after promising not to bother Maria Theresa.
  • The War of the Austria Succession helps unify Austria and Hungary.
  • Two great rivalries existed in Europe Prussia vs. Austria and France vs. England.
  • By 1750 the great powers of Europe were Austria, Prussia, France, England, and Russia.
the monarchs of eastern and central europe
The Monarchs of Eastern and Central Europe
  • Russia was the most populous and largest country in Europe.
  • It also was the poorest
  • After the death of Ivan the Terrible there was unrest in Russia.
  • The Birth of the Romanov Dynasty, with Michael.
peter the great
Peter the Great
  • Peter I or Peter the Great was 6’9” and saw the future of Russia in the West.
  • Peter wanted a warm water port for Russia.
  • Peter organized the army and fought the Turks and Swedes.
  • Peter placed a tax on beards, and the birth of babies.
catherine the great
Catherine the Great
  • Catherine the Great’s, Husband was murdered, so she took over the throne.
  • Catherine was a supporter of the Arts and Science.
  • Her foreign policy was to expand Russia.
  • Catherine won a warm weather port for Russia in the Sea of Azov, and took a large portion of Poland.
the partition of poland
The Partition of Poland
  • Russia, Prussia, and Austria divide up Poland in the 1770s.
  • Austria a lifelong ally of Great Britain sides with France. They switched sides.