Chapter 25. World War II. Watch at home. Japanese Point of View http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eyf1PZEsYpI&feature=related Pearl Harbor Documentary 8 min. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nt13c3olXkU Pearl Harbor 2001 Attack Cut http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sv1niwxQgoY.
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World War II
FDR Day of Infamy. Declaration of War. Address to Congress, December 8, 1941.
The strangling hand of the Treaty of Versailles gripping a map of Germany which bears a slight image of Adolph Hitler.
People had to shop with wheel barrows full of money.
Bartering became common
Restaurants did not print menus as by the time food arrived…the price had gone up!
People burned their furniture to get some heat.
Most of the very rich were land owners and could produce food on their own estates.
The middle class suffered severely as well. Their hard earned savings disappeared overnight. Many middle class families had to sell family heirlooms to survive. Many of those middle class would later turn Hitler and the Nazi Party.
Benito Mussolini established fascism as a nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian government in 1922.
Nickname: Il Duce
The policy of giving in to try to satisfy Hitler’s stated demands.
Austria is the southern part in gold.
Sudetenland is the purple area.
1939 Boundary Lines
Germany’s new weapons and blitzkrieg tactics were fresh and successful, a far cry from the trench warfare of WWI.
In just two years, the Nazi blitzkrieg had virtually conquered Europe, with Britain badly damaged.
Can purchase weaponry on a CASH BASIS.
Must carry the weapons in their OWN SHIPS.
Called “Cash and Carry”
U.S. ships and passengers could not enter ports of nations at war.
This act actually helped the Germans because they could conduct unrestricted submarine warfare without much fear of ticking off the Americans and drawing them into the war.
Actual captured U-505 in the
Museum of Science & Industry
America First Committee
Meeting in Chicago,
April 23, 1941.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
The U.S. would have to fight the enemies of free people alone if England were destroyed.
December 7, 1941
“A day that will live in infamy” –President FDR
The United States formally enters WWII.
Major effect of Pearl Harbor attack: virtually no domestic opposition to U.S. involvement in the war remains.
Unfortunately, they were spotted by Japanese picket ships just hours from launch time.
The Japanese push American and Philippine forces into the Bataan Peninsula.
Corregidor is the last island fortress in the Philippines to fall to the Japanese, May 6, 1942.
The Philippines now belong to the Japanese.
Gold Star Banner
Blue Star Banner
General Douglas MacArthur
Meeting of the Big Three in February 1945 at USSR’s Black Sea resort, Yalta.
Stalin had puppet communist governments in the areas he had taken from Germany.