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Chapter 25. The New Deal. American people and the crash. Low incomes Psychological impact- suicide Family- malnutrition, baby shortage, falling apart or stronger, homemaking, Women working Childhood anxiety

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chapter 25

Chapter 25

The New Deal

american people and the crash
American people and the crash
  • Low incomes
  • Psychological impact- suicide
  • Family- malnutrition, baby shortage, falling apart or stronger, homemaking,
    • Women working
    • Childhood anxiety
    • Escape from reality- movies, Gone with the Wind, War of the Worlds, Scarface, The Grapes of Wrath
dust bowl
Dust Bowl
  • Drought, no crop rotation, overproduction
  • Exodusters and okies
  • Cesear Chavez- fight for migrant workers
  • Repatriations- deportations even children born in US
  • Scottsboro boys
  • “Rugged Individualism”
  • Rely on private charity
  • Begin city services
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff- tariff on US good- hurts US more then helps
  • Too little too late

exhausted private and municipal resources.

  • Hoover unable to mobilize recovery.
    • afraid that too much government activity would unbalance the budget, impede the return of business confidence and recovery, create an unwieldy and intrusive bureaucracy, and undermine individual freedom and initiative.
    • too little and too late.
  • Resentment grew.
  • Bonus Army on Washington in 1932.
  • Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt won
  • The Democratic victory laid the foundation of a powerful coalition that would dominate politics for decades to come.
new deal first 100 days
New Deal-First 100 days
  • flood of legislation.
  • Relief- Recovery and Reform
  • federal planning with associational techniques to try to revive the economy.
  • The National Recovery Administration promoted industrial cooperation and self-regulation
  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration similarly relied on private cooperation. But both were struck down by the Supreme Court.
2 nd new deal second 100 days 1935 1936
2nd New Deal- second 100 days1935-1936
  • Democrats take Congress.
  • protest New Deal Huey Long, Charles Coughlin, and Dr. Francis Townsend. -push Roosevelt farther to the left in 1935.
  • greater regulation, long-term relief, and more sweeping reform.
  • The Social Security Act institutionalized a welfare state with a social insurance program for the aged, infirm, and dependent children.
  • The National Labor Relations Act gave a powerful boost to organized labor.
  • Legislation also strengthened federal control over the private sector.
  • Roosevelt's 1936 reelection was built on a powerful coalition of the traditionally Democratic South, big city ethnics, and labor, and it reflected the wide impact of the New Deal on the American people.
  • Roosevelt coalition: support from south, industrial cities and labor= Democrats – class replaced region