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Promoting the Use of Bioenergy in the agricultural and forestry sector. Foundation for Agricultural Innovation (FIA ) MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE Fernando Bas M . Executive Director.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Promoting the Use of Bioenergy in the agricultural and forestry sector

FoundationforAgriculturalInnovation (FIA)

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

Fernando Bas M.

Executive Director

slide2

FIA isan Agency of theMinistry of Agriculturewhosegoalis: To promoteand encourage innovation in the agri-food and forestry sectors, by strengthening their capabilities and entrepreneurship, to enhance sustainable development and competitiveness of Chile.

slide3

Foresee topics of upcoming importance and guide innovation

Support producers, companies, and R & D centers in the implementation of innovation

=

Create learning instances, and provide tools and motivation for innovation

FIA

Seizes, Sows, Grows, and Disseminates Innovation for the Competitiveness of Chile

Propagate innovation strategies and practical applications that increase competitiveness

areas of i nnovation i nitiatives
Areas of InnovationInitiatives

Reduces the risk of innovating in strategic areas: supports producers, companies, and R & D centres, in developing prototypes and new inputs that can be replicated by others

slide5

FIA Instruments

topromoteInnovation

  • Innovation Projects
  • Innovation Roundtrips
  • Innovation Consulting
  • National Innovation Programs
slide6

New instrumentsto co-finance Non-Conventional Renewable Energy (NCRE) projects in the agri-forestry sector

(Spanish: ERNC, Energias Renovables No Convencionales)

objectives
Objectives
  • Increase the competitiveness of the agro-forestry sector through reductions in energy costs
  • Promote and propagate the adoption Non-Conventional Renewable Energy technologies in agriculture production processes
slide8

Curve of TechnologyAdoptionvs. Time

EarlyAdopters

Adaptation of New Technologies

2 years

Time, GeneratedValue

slide9

Degrees of Innovation in FIA

MajorInnovation

Adaptation: Modify or adjust an existing product, process, service , or management strategy to local conditions, in order to obtain an expected outcome

NoInnovation

slide10

If profitable: Why these technologies have not been adopted already?

  • Large fear of risk present in small and micro producers (99,5 % of agriculture producers)*
  • Relatively high initial investment and long-term return on investment
  • Misinformation, or no information, regarding the implementation and operation of new technologies
  • Producers’ wary way of thinking: seeing is believing
  • *AgricultureCensus, 2007
positive e xternal outcomes
Positive external outcomes:

Source of reliable self-supply for the long term, what contributes to diversification and reduces vulnerability and reliance on foreign supply sources

Stable, independent production costs independent of oil costs

Reduced environmental impact (local and global) than traditional projects. Better acceptance in the community and in the society at large

Contribute to sustainable development of geographically isolated areas

slide12

TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES

  • BIOGAS
  • SOLAR PANNELS
  • EOLIC
  • BIOMASS
characteristics of the instrument
Characteristics of the Instrument

1 UF approx. US$ 50

Maximum amount of subsidy: M $100 (US$ 200.000)

Beneficiaries and percentage of contribution:

funds

EXECUTION THROUGH FIA

Min. Agric.

REGIONS

Funds

Submission of applications

FIA

Review of applications

FIA - CER

Allocation of funds

FIA

slide17

Biogas Projects

feed

Traditional use of manure as fertilizer in agricultural systems

manure

fertilizer

waste

tank

slide18

Biogas Projects

feed

light

manure

fertilizer

energy

heat

anaerobic

digestor

slide19

General Objective

  • The objective of this project is to bring about the construction and start-up of 6 prototype plants that demonstrate the utilization of organic agriculture waste, and allow for the replacement of fossil fuels, considering:
  • Self management
  • Eco-friendly
  • Sustainable
  • Profitable
  • Model for demonstrations
slide20

Technical Objetives

  • For the anaerobic digestion process to be efficient, the biodigestors must run at a constant temperature of 35 ° C
  • The system uses on average 50% of the produced biogas to maintain temperature (self-consumption)
  • The biodigestor, in order to maintain a constant inside temperature must furnished with a good agitation system
  • The agitation is obtained by a recirculation system powered by an electric pump
slide22

Prototype

Reactor bin

40 m3

Heaterpowered by biogas

Solar heating panels

Retrofeed

tank

slide24

Collective Prototype

Reactor bins

40 m3

Heaterpowered by biogas

Solar heating panels

Retrofeed

tank

slide26

Expected Outcome

  • Reduction in Energy costs
  • Production of biofertilizers
  • Reduction in manure odors and pathogens
  • Replacement of fossil fuels => greater environmental sustainability
  • Prototype replication
  • Increased competitiveness