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Make Cars Green! Presentation by David Ward, Director General FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society The Automobile, Transport and the Environment Summit World Environment Day June 5 2008 Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand.

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slide1

Make Cars Green!

Presentation by David Ward, Director General

FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society

The Automobile, Transport and the Environment Summit

World Environment Day June 5 2008

Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand

slide2

The Challenge of Greening a Growing Global Vehicle Fleet

Three Major Issues

Air Quality

Energy Security

Climate Change

slide9

Cleaner Cars Need Greener Fuels

To reduce automobile toxic emissions it is not enough to rely only on cleaner engine technologies. It is also vital to ensure that cleaner fuels are used so that the vehicle as a total system can reduce its toxic emissions.

For example catalyst systems greatly reduce toxic emissions but require both unleaded and low sulphur fuel. Global fuel sulphur levels of less than 50ppm is vital to make cars greener. The FIA Foundation is proud to support the global campaigns of UNEP’s Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles to achieve a total ban on unleaded fuel and progress towards worldwide use of low sulphur fuels

slide13

Linkage Between Fuel Sulphur and Particulate Matter

According to the World Health Organisation 800,000 people die prematurely due to urban air pollution. Diesel and petrol motor vehicles are a major source of emissions of particulate matter.

For diesels especially, the combination of

catalyst technologies and particulate traps

will greatly reduce levels of PM emissions.

But with ultra low sulphur fuels (10 ppm)

the improvement can be as great as 95%.

With growing use of diesel engines in world

markets prompted by efforts to reduce

carbon emissions and raise fuel economy

it is essential to progress towards low and

ultra low levels of sulphur in fuel.

slide21

A Doubling of Pre-industrial GHG Levels (250ppm) Will Risk Temperature Rise of Between 2-5 Degrees Centigrade

slide22

Consensus That Stabilization at 550ppm is Required With Action Necessary by Both Developed & Developing Nations

slide24

Economic Costs of Stabilization at 550ppm

Stern Review (2007) calls for strong and early action

to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

Risks will be reduced if GHGs are held at or below

550ppm. This will require emissions to peak in 10-20

years and then fall by 1-3% per year at an estimated cost

of 1% of annual global GDP by 2050.

Suggested policy options include:

Pricing carbon realistically using taxation & emissions trading

Encourage innovation in low carbon technologies

Remove barriers to energy efficiency

Inform, educate and persuade consumers

slide25

Basic Principles of Climate Change Action

Cost Efficiency – act where the gains are greatest at least cost

Burden Sharing – act comprehensively on all global emission sources (both sectors and countries)

No Regrets – choose policies that offer wide ranging co-benefits

Insurance Approach – take precautionary action now to reduce risk of dangerous climate change

slide30

IEA Energy Technology Perspectives 2008

Low Cost Transport Option

Last month the FIA Foundation

hosted jointly with the IEA, UNEP

and the International Transport

Forum a seminar in Paris on global

fuel economy issues.

The IEA’s Executive Director, Nobuo

Tanaka presented the 2008 ETP which

assumes that new LDVs can become 50% more efficient by 2030 (fuel use halved, moving from 8 L/100 km to 4) at low or possibly negative cost.

The Foundation, IEA, ITF and UNEP are now exploring further global co-operation to promote best practice in automotive fuel economy policies and programmes.

slide31

IEA Est. 2008 LDV Technology Cost Per Tonne CO2

Notes: opt = optimistic, pes = pessimistic; based on $60/bbl oil and undiscounted vehicle and fuel costs.

slide32

Towards Greener Motoring

  • The FIA last year adopted ‘Make Cars Green’ a
  • Declaration on ‘Air Quality, Climate Change
  • and Automotive Fuel Economy’ which promotes
  • a global agenda of action for greener motoring.
  • It encourages automobile clubs to support:
  • Cost effective and equitable policies to curb GHG and toxic emissions
  • Stringent emission standards for both vehicle and fuel technologies
  • A global benchmark to promote fuel economy worldwide
  • A global test cycle for vehicle emissions that better reflects real world driving
  • A global target for low sulphur fuels
  • Eco-driving campaigns
  • Green taxation that incentives rather than penalises the motorist
  • Information campaigns to raise consumer awareness of ‘green mobility’ choices
  • A ‘ten point’ greener motoring guide
  • For more information about the FIA’s Make Cars Green campaign see: www.makecarsgreen.com
slide33

The FIA Foundation for the Automobile & Society

Supporting Safe, Clean and Affordable Mobility

The FIA Foundation was established in 2001 by the

Federation Internationale de l’Automobile as an

independent registered charity in the UK with the

aim to promote road safety, the environment and

sustainable mobility.

We are leading efforts to reduce the world’s annual

1.2 million road traffic fatalities and are members of the

World Bank Global Road Safety Facility and the UN

Road Safety Collaboration.

We support the drive to reduce automotive emissions and raise fuel economy. We endorse the FIA’s ‘Make Cars Green’ campaign and are members of the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, & the Global Alliance for EcoMobility.

For more information visit: www.fiafoundation.org.