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Make Cars Green! Presentation by David Ward, Director General FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society The Automobile, Transport and the Environment Summit World Environment Day June 5 2008 Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand.
Presentation by David Ward, Director General
FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society
The Automobile, Transport and the Environment Summit
World Environment Day June 5 2008
Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand
Three Major Issues
* gpm = grams per mile
To reduce automobile toxic emissions it is not enough to rely only on cleaner engine technologies. It is also vital to ensure that cleaner fuels are used so that the vehicle as a total system can reduce its toxic emissions.
For example catalyst systems greatly reduce toxic emissions but require both unleaded and low sulphur fuel. Global fuel sulphur levels of less than 50ppm is vital to make cars greener. The FIA Foundation is proud to support the global campaigns of UNEP’s Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles to achieve a total ban on unleaded fuel and progress towards worldwide use of low sulphur fuels
According to the World Health Organisation 800,000 people die prematurely due to urban air pollution. Diesel and petrol motor vehicles are a major source of emissions of particulate matter.
For diesels especially, the combination of
catalyst technologies and particulate traps
will greatly reduce levels of PM emissions.
But with ultra low sulphur fuels (10 ppm)
the improvement can be as great as 95%.
With growing use of diesel engines in world
markets prompted by efforts to reduce
carbon emissions and raise fuel economy
it is essential to progress towards low and
ultra low levels of sulphur in fuel.
A Doubling of Pre-industrial GHG Levels (250ppm) Will Risk Temperature Rise of Between 2-5 Degrees Centigrade
Consensus That Stabilization at 550ppm is Required With Action Necessary by Both Developed & Developing Nations
Stern Review (2007) calls for strong and early action
to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.
Risks will be reduced if GHGs are held at or below
550ppm. This will require emissions to peak in 10-20
years and then fall by 1-3% per year at an estimated cost
of 1% of annual global GDP by 2050.
Suggested policy options include:
Pricing carbon realistically using taxation & emissions trading
Encourage innovation in low carbon technologies
Remove barriers to energy efficiency
Inform, educate and persuade consumers
Cost Efficiency – act where the gains are greatest at least cost
Burden Sharing – act comprehensively on all global emission sources (both sectors and countries)
No Regrets – choose policies that offer wide ranging co-benefits
Insurance Approach – take precautionary action now to reduce risk of dangerous climate change
Low Cost Transport Option
Last month the FIA Foundation
hosted jointly with the IEA, UNEP
and the International Transport
Forum a seminar in Paris on global
fuel economy issues.
The IEA’s Executive Director, Nobuo
Tanaka presented the 2008 ETP which
assumes that new LDVs can become 50% more efficient by 2030 (fuel use halved, moving from 8 L/100 km to 4) at low or possibly negative cost.
The Foundation, IEA, ITF and UNEP are now exploring further global co-operation to promote best practice in automotive fuel economy policies and programmes.
Notes: opt = optimistic, pes = pessimistic; based on $60/bbl oil and undiscounted vehicle and fuel costs.
Supporting Safe, Clean and Affordable Mobility
The FIA Foundation was established in 2001 by the
Federation Internationale de l’Automobile as an
independent registered charity in the UK with the
aim to promote road safety, the environment and
We are leading efforts to reduce the world’s annual
1.2 million road traffic fatalities and are members of the
World Bank Global Road Safety Facility and the UN
Road Safety Collaboration.
We support the drive to reduce automotive emissions and raise fuel economy. We endorse the FIA’s ‘Make Cars Green’ campaign and are members of the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, & the Global Alliance for EcoMobility.
For more information visit: www.fiafoundation.org.