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  1. Planting for the Future: Improving Access and Opportunities Using Career Pathways Barbara Bitters December 3, 2008 Sacramento, CA

  2. Agenda • Overview of the Career Clusters and Pathway Model and relationship to Perkins IV • What equity and special population issues and concerns come to mind with the career clusters and pathways framework? • An Equity Framework and Equity Strategies • Timed Discussions and Reporting: Infusing Equity within: • 6 Core elements-CCTI • 5 Steps to Career Pathways-Workforce Strategy Center • The Steps for Developing POS and the 15 critical components-State Directors • Career Pathway Action Plan-NCPN

  3. Transition to 21st Century Workplaces Source: Adapted from Schray and Sheets (2002)

  4. The Cluster/Pathway Framework Supports Ongoing Efforts to move from Vocational Education to Career and Technical Education

  5. Career Clusters are a Tool for a seamless educational system that: • Blends rigorous academic/technical preparation • Provides career development • Offers options for students to experience all aspects of a business or industry • Facilitates/assists students, parents, and educators with ongoing transitions

  6. Career Cluster Framework • A career-focused strategy within educational improvement and re-design efforts supporting • Lifelong workforce preparation, • economic development, and • seamless transitions between education and training opportunities.

  7. The National Career Clusters Initiative • Began in 2001 after OVAE had selected the “Sixteen Career Clusters”. • Has been developed through the involvement of stakeholders throughout the nation. • Provides the overall model for implementation of Programs of Study in most states.


  9. Career Cluster Framework • Cluster Core Level • Skills and knowledge all students need within the cluster • Pathway Level [POS] • Skills and knowledge necessary to pursue a full range of career opportunities within a pathway • Career Specialties • Represent specific career opportunities within each path

  10. Time for Some Definitions

  11. Career Clusters An organizing tool defining education for post-secondary education and careers using 16 broad clusters of occupations and 81 pathways with validated standards that ensure opportunities for all students regardless of their career goals and interests.“

  12. Organizational Structure for CORE Cluster Knowledge and Skills [vary by cluster] • Academic Foundations • Technical Skills • Communications • Problem Solving and Critical Thinking • Information Technology Application • Systems • Safety, Health and Environment • Leadership and Teamwork • Ethics and Legal Responsibilities • Employability and Career Development • Cultural, Equity, Diversity and Global Competency • Financial Literacy • Democratic Citizenship

  13. Career Pathways A career pathway is a coherent, articulated sequence of rigorous academic and career related courses, commencing in ninth grade and leading to an associate degree, and/or an industry-recognized certificate or licensure, and/or a baccalaureate and beyond.

  14. A Career Pathway is…. Developed, implemented and maintained in partnership among secondary and postsecondary education, business, and employers. Career pathways are available to all students, including adult learners, and are designed to lead to rewarding careers. Source CCTI

  15. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources • Agribusiness Systems • Animal Systems • Environmental Service Systems • Food Products and Processing Systems • Natural Resources Systems • Plant Systems • Power, Structural and Technical Systems

  16. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Architecture and Construction • Construction • Design and Pre-Construction • Maintenance and Operations • Arts, Audio/Video Technology and Communications • Audio and Video Technology and Film • Journalism and Broadcasting • Performing Arts • Printing Technology • Telecommunications • Visual Arts

  17. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Business Management and Administration • Administrative Services • Business Information Technology • General Management • Human Resources Management • Operations Management • Education and Training • Administration and Administrative Support • Professional Support Services • Teaching and Training

  18. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Finance • Accounting • Banking Services • Business Finance • Insurance • Securities and Investments • Government and Public Administration • Governance • Foreign Service Affairs • National Security • Planning • Public Management and Administration • Regulation • Revenue and Taxation

  19. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Health Science • Biotechnology Research and Development • Diagnostic Services • Health Informatics • Support Services • Therapeutic Services • Hospitality and Tourism • Lodging • Recreation, Amusements and Attractions • Restaurants and Food and Beverage Services • Travel and Tourism

  20. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Human Services • Consumer Services • Counseling and Mental Health Services • Early Childhood Development and Services • Family and Community Services • Personal Care Services • Information Technology • Information Support and Services • Network Systems • Programming and Software Development • Web and Digital Communication

  21. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security • Corrections Services • Emergency and Fire Management Services • Security and Protective Services • Law Enforcement Services • Legal Services

  22. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Manufacturing • Health, Safety and Environmental Assurance • Logistics and Inventory Control • Maintenance, Installation and Repair • Manufacturing Production Process Development • Production • Quality Assurance • Marketing • Marketing Communications • Marketing Management • Market Research • Merchandising • Professional Sales

  23. List of 79 Pathways in National Career Cluster Framework • Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics • Engineering and Technology • Science and Mathematics • Transportation, Distribution and Logistics • Facility and Mobile Equipment Maintenance • Health, Safety and Environmental Management • Logistics Planning and Management Services • Sales and Service • Transportation Operations • Transportation Systems/Infrastructure Planning, Management and Regulation • Warehousing and Distribution Center Operations

  24. Career Specialties Training for specific jobs or occupations. Knowledge and Skill statement for this level are created by industry standards and verified by business and industry representatives.

  25. Career Specialty Could Draw from Multiple Clusters and Pathways Family and Consumer Education Agriculture and Natural Resources Landscape Architect Business and InformationTechnology Architecture And Construction

  26. Knowledge and Skills Statements: Broad statements specifying the knowledge and/or skills required of learners/workers in order to demonstrate competence in a given cluster or career pathway.

  27. Organization of the Revised Knowledge and Skill Statements A. Foundational Academic Expectations B. Essential Knowledge and Skills C. Cluster (Foundation) Knowledge and Skills D. Pathway Knowledge and Skills



  30. Perkins 4 – “Programs of Study” “State approved programs, which may be adopted by local education agencies and postsecondary institutions to be offered as an option to students when planning for and completing future coursework, for career and technical content areas.“

  31. Perkins – “Plans of Study” “Programs of Study” 1. Incorporate secondary education and postsecondary education elements; 2. Include coherent and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant career and technical content in a coordinated, non-duplicative progression of courses that align secondary education with postsecondary education to adequately prepare students to succeed in postsecondary education;

  32. Perkins – “Programs of Study” 3. May include the opportunity for secondary education students to participate in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or other ways to acquire postsecondary education credits; and

  33. Perkins – “Programs of Study” 4. Lead to an industry-recognized credential or certificate at the postsecondary level, or an associate or baccalaureate degree.