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Chapter 13 – Urban America. Test Review. Vocabulary Review. was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress. Social Darwinism Realism Gospel of Wealth Individualism.

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vocabulary review
Vocabulary Review
  • was a philosophy that believed wealthy Americans bore the responsibility of using their fortunes to further social progress.
    • Social Darwinism
    • Realism
    • Gospel of Wealth
    • Individualism

Immigrant children became knowledgeable about American culture at public schools—a process known as .

    • Americanization.
    • nativism.
    • Social Darwinism.
    • individualism.

The rapid increase in the money supply without an increase in the amount of goods for sale caused, or the decline in the value of money.

    • goldbugs
    • silverites
    • deflation
    • inflation

The was an informal political group that provided services in return for votes and political power.

    • party bosses
    • political machine
    • Populists
    • Grange

The was one method of segregation used in the South after the Civil War.

    • cooperative
    • poll tax
    • tenement
    • graft
reviewing main ideas
Reviewing Main Ideas

Section 1 (pgs. 442-447)

  • In the late nineteenth century, many labor unions opposed immigration, arguing that immigrants.
    • would work for higher wages.
    • eased financial drains on social services.
    • assimilated into American culture.
    • would accept jobs as strikebreakers.

Section 1 (pgs. 442-447)

  • What was the major reason for Chinese immigration to the United States in the early nineteenth century?.
    • Many Chinese were escaping severe unemployment and famine.
    • Many Chinese were escaping religious persecution.
    • Many Chinese left to avoid required military service.
    • Many Chinese left to escape the class system and move up the social ladder.

Section 2 (pgs. 450-455)

  • Working class individuals residing in cities usually lived.
    • in the streetcar suburbs.
    • in tenements.
    • in fashionable downtown districts.
    • away from the central city.

Section 2 (pgs. 450-455)

  • Who was the leader of Tammany Hall during the 1860s and 1870s?.
    • Thomas Nast
    • James Pendergast
    • William Tweed
    • Thomas Pendergast

Section 3 (pgs. 458-467)

  • The nineteenth-century philosophy of Social Darwinism maintained that.
    • the government should have control over the means of production and the marketplace.
    • all social class distinctions in American society should be eliminated.
    • economic success comes to those who are the hardest working and most competent.
    • wealth and income should be more equally distributed.

Section 3 (pgs. 458-467)

  • The Interstate Commerce Act (1887) was designed to regulate interstate commerce by requiring.
    • railroads to increase rebates to high-volume users.
    • railroads to charge higher rates for short hauls.
    • states to regulate interstate railroad traffic.
    • the federal government to regulate railroad rates.

Section 4 (pgs. 470-475)

  • Populists supported federal ownership of railroads because they thought the government would .
    • increase access to railroads in rural areas.
    • make the trains run on time.
    • manage the railroads in the public interest.
    • collect enough revenue to allow it to eliminate the graduated income tax.

Section 5 (pgs. 476-481)

  • The ruling from Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) was based on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the .
    • necessary and proper clause from Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution.
    • free speech provision of the First Amendment.
    • equal protection clause of the in the Fourteenth Amendment.
    • voting rights provision in the Fifteenth Amendment.
critical thinking
Critical Thinking

Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • In 1890 the Populists formed the People’s Party and supported .
    • the subtreasury plan where farmers could store crops in warehouses to force prices up.
    • limited governmental regulations for the railroad companies.
    • the election of senators by state legislatures.
    • the free coinage of gold.

Use the chart, and the information from Chapter 13

to answer question 15.

  • What happened to crop pricesbetween 1870 & 1880?
    • The price of cotton

increased as the price

of wheat and corn


    • The price of wheat,

corn, and cotton


    • The price of cotton,

wheat, and corn

stayed the same after

initial increase.

    • The price of wheat

significantly decreased

as the price of cotton

decreased steadily.


Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • Which of the following is associated with The Gospel of Wealth?
    • survival of the fittest
    • laissez-faire
    • unregulated competition
    • philanthrophy

Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • What does the cartoon express about immigrants coming to the United States?.
    • Immigrants were welcome in the United States.
    • Immigrants had to pass by dogs to gain entry.
    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were welcome.
    • Anarchists, Socialists, and Communists were not welcome.



Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from .
    • southern and eastern Europe.
    • northern and western Europe.
    • East Asia.
    • Latin America.
document based questions
Document-Based Questions


Analyze the document

and answer the

questions that follow.




Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • According to the editorial, what effect did immigration have on the nation’s economy?
    • It had a positive effect by increasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.
    • It had a negative impact decreasing prosperity for ocean steamers, railroads, and manufacturing.
    • It did not impact the prosperity of the nation’s economy at all.
    • None of these.



Directions: Choose the BEST answer.

  • How is the editorial’s view of the effects of immigration different from that of the nativists?
    • The editorial views immigration in a negative light focusing on the economic drawbacks, while nativists viewed immigration positively due to the benefits they felt immigrants brought.
    • The editorial views immigration in a positive light focusing on the economic benefits, while nativists viewed immigration negatively due to the cultural and economic threats they felt immigrants brought.
    • Depending on who you ask, both A and B.
    • Neither A nor B.


essay questions
Essay Questions

Answer two (2) of the following questions completely and

accurately. (Use textbook, notes, etc. to get information)

  • Describe the reasons why Europeans immigrated to the United States in the late 1800s.
  • Define “deflation” and explain why it hurts farmers.
  • Describe the problems of urban living in the late 1800s, and explain their causes.
  • Summarize the ideas of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois on how to address discrimination against African Americans.