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Introduction to the Course. Course Content. Introduction to the Course Biomechanical Concepts Related to Human Movement Anatomical Concepts Related to Human Movement Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement. Course Content. Introduction to the Course

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course content
Course Content
  • Introduction to the Course
  • Biomechanical Concepts Related to Human Movement
  • Anatomical Concepts Related to Human Movement
  • Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement
course content3
Course Content
  • Introduction to the Course
  • Biomechanical Concepts Related to Human Movement
  • Anatomical Concepts & Principles Related to Human Movement
  • Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement
introduction to the course4
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
introduction to the course5
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
kinesiology definition
Kinesiology: Definition
  • the discipline concerned with the comprehensive and systematic study of human movement
  • What is the purpose of kinesiology?
kinesiology purpose
Kinesiology: Purpose
  • To describe, explain, and predict how and why people move for the purpose of
  • Performance enhancement
  • Injury prevention
  • Risk reduction for chronic disease
  • Social and aesthetic enjoyment

Technique

Equipment

Training

kinesiology purpose8
Kinesiology: Purpose
  • Performance enhancement  the best performance that one can achieve given the constraints (or limitations) acting on the system

safety  effectiveness  efficiency

introduction to the course9
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
what is a profession
What is a profession?
  • A body whose chief aim is to improve the conditions of society by providing a regulated service in which practices and educational/training programs are developed that are in accordance with knowledge available from one or more relevant disciplines
kinesiology professions
Rehabilitation

Physical therapists

Occupational therapists

Massage therapists

Orthopaedists

Cardiologists

Cardiac & Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Athletic trainers

Performance

Strength & Conditioning Coaches

Athletic Coaches

Musicians

Actors

Dancers

Athletes

Kinesiology: Professions
kinesiology professions12
Injury Prevention

Physical education teachers

Personal trainers

Ergonomists

Exercise specialists

Massage therapists

Athletic trainers

Kinesiology: Professions
slide13
So…
  • Why do you have to take this course?
  • How does this course fit into the study of kinesiology?
introduction to the course14
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
introduction to the course16
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
the subdiscipline of functional human anatomy
The Subdiscipline of Functional Human Anatomy
  • Subdiscipline of kinesiology concerned with understanding
    • the contributions of the muscular and skeletal systems to human movement
    • the acute and chronic effects of activity on the musculoskeletal system
  • Focus is at the tissue, organ,organ system, and organism level
introduction to the course19
Introduction to the Course
  • The Discipline of Kinesiology
    • Definition
    • Purpose
    • Use in Professions
    • Organization of Kinesiology
  • The Subdiscipline of Functional Anatomy
  • The Subdiscipline of Biomechanics
mechanics
Mechanics
  • Branch of physics that is concerned with the motion and deformation of particles and mechanical systems that are acted on by mechanical disturbances called forces
biomechanics
Biomechanics
  • The science that examines forces acting upon and within a biological structure and effects produced by such forces
  • The science that applies the principles of mechanics to the conception, design, development, and analysis of equipment and systems in biology
physical quantities
Physical Quantities
  • Base quantity – defined in terms of a standard
  • Derived quantity – defined in terms of one or more base quantities
  • Units for quantities determined by system used
    • SI system (Systeme International – MKS system)
    • British system
    • CGS system
si base quantities units

Base Quantity

Unit

Unit

Abbreviation

length

meter

m

time

second

s

mass

kilogram

kg

electric current

ampere

A

temperature

kelvin

K

amount of substance

mole

mol

luminous intensity

candela

cd

plane angle

degrees

o

SI Base Quantities & Units

length (m) –

the length of

path traveled

by light in a

vaccuum

during a time

interval of

1/299,792,458

of a second

British system:

Length – foot

Time – second

Mass – slug

si derived quantities units

Derived Quantity

Dimension

SI Unit

area

L2

m2

volume

L3

m3

Special

Names

velocity

L/T

m/s

acceleration

L/T2

m/s2

force

ML/T2

kg-m/s2

Newton (N)

pressure & stress

M/LT2

N/m2

Pascal (Pa)

moment (torque)

ML2/T2

N-m

Joule (J)

work & energy

ML2/T2

N-m

SI Derived Quantities & Units
si prefixes multipliers

Prefix

SI Multiplication Factor

SI

Symbol

tera

T

1 000 000 000 000 = 1012

giga

G

1 000 000 000 = 109

mega

M

1 000 000 = 106

kilo

k

1 000 = 103

hecto

h

100 = 102

deka

da

10 = 101

deci

d

0.1 = 10-1

centi

c

0.01 = 10-2

milli

m

0.001 = 10-3

micro

µ

0.000 001 = 10-6

nano

n

0.000 000 001 = 10-9

pico

p

0.000 000 000 001 = 10-12

femto

f

0.000 000 000 000 001 = 10-15

SI Prefixes & Multipliers
the greek alphabet

Alpha

Nu

Beta

Xi

Gamma

Omicron

Delta

Pi

Epsilon

Rho

Zeta

Sigma

Eta

Tau

Theta

Upsilon

Iota

Phi

Kappa

Chi

Lambda

Psi

Mu

Omega

The Greek Alphabet
slide29
So…
  • How does this course fit into the study of kinesiology?
you will
You will…
  • be able to answer, in part, the following questions:
    • What causes movement?
    • How can a movement be changed to improve performance and/or prevent injury?
  • learn the language of kinesiology and gain basic knowledge about movement causes and outcomes.
  • develop observation, analytical, and evaluative skills necessary for analyzing human movement.
course objectives
Course Objectives
  • Explain the roles that the subdisciplines of functional anatomy and biomechanics play in the study of human movement.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of how skeletal and muscular architecture and function interact to create forces and torques that contribute to injury and human movement performance.
course objectives33
Course Objectives
  • Demonstrate knowledge of how the human body and the external environment interact to create the forces and torques necessary that contribute to human performance and musculoskeletal injury.
  • Identify structural and mechanical factors that limit successful performance in human movement activities.
course objectives34
Course Objectives
  • Perform a systematic qualitative anatomical analysis of human movement activities or skills in sport, dance, exercise, rehabilitation, work, and daily living.
next lecture topic
Next Lecture Topic
  • Lecture Topic #2
    • Subtopic A: Basic Kinematic Concepts