An Introduction to the Course ARCHITECTURAL (RESIDENTIAL) DRAFTING
Department Mission Statement The mission of the Drafting Technology Department coincides with the institutional mission: to provide quality vocational and technical training to students for employment, to assist students to attain educational and personal goals, and to provide occupational training and vocational/technical information for the community.
Wrong Impressions !! Class Standards • Dress standards • good taste, common sense, high moral standards are the watchwords for dress and grooming • no hats in class-room
Course Syllabus Syllabus--A summary outline of a concurrent enrollment course for Weber State University
“It is the peculiarity of knowledge that those who really thirst for it always get it.”
“If you don’t have time to do it right at first, when will you have time to do it over?”
“We learn wisdom from failure much more often than from success. We often discover what will do, by finding out what will not do.”
Course Catalog Description A course for Drafting Technology students who wish to broaden his or her basic drafting skills in the field of residential architectural drafting. This course covers procedures used in developing a complete set of residential plans. Includes architectural drafting standards, hand-lettering procedures, and code requirements.
What are architectural details ? • The term Details covers the broad category of isolated and enlarged drawings • Details along with the plans, elevations, etc., and specifications form the complete set of construction documents. • Knowledge of construction details should give a clear assembly of parts that form a portion of the total package of construction. • Knowing the particulars of materials that make-up a detail allows the drafter, designer, or architect to conceptualize faster and get the work completed.
Course Disclaimer The instructor reserves the right to make changes, deletions, corrections, or additions during the course. These changes will be announced in class. Anyone with special needs or learning disabilities needs to bring that to my attention.
Course Overview • 3 credit hour course • 3 +/- hours/week lecture • 5 +/- hours/week lab • 10-12+/- hours/week independent study, research, class preparation [reading, etc.], and doing drafting assignments
Course Objectives • 1--Become acquainted with the materials that make-up details. • 2--Approach detailing logically and systematically. • 3--Know the difference between structural detailing as it applies to aesthetics, and environment. • 4--Deal with certain confinements and limitations of creating the detail. • 5--Develop an appreciation for the work that is involved in creating details. • 6--Demonstrate the skills associated with detailing • 7--Develop line quality, techniques and presentation skills in drafting the detail,
Course Objectives • 8--Become acquainted with various facets of construction for details: • lumber and metal connections • welding • masonry • footing and concrete connections • exterior wall sections • roof connections, • door and window construction • stairway and fireplace construction • 9--Develop a portfolio of architectural details
Drawing Project • Drawings Required: Plot/landscape plan w/ drawing index(1sht), FTG/FDN plan (1sht), Floor plans(2sht), Front Elevation (1sht), Door/Window Schedules, and Stair section, Fireplace details, and Typical wall section, Electrical plans with Electrical symbol legend combined with drawings on other sheets. • Drawing for extra credit: elevation(3 possible), stairs elevation, porch section, cross-section, and others by approval
Organization of the Course • Organized into Units of Study • time of unit based upon complexity of material • assignments given for each unit • Reading assignments must be done before lecture • Suggested to answer chapter questions and terminology
Teaching Methods • Lectures and discussion periods • Students should get involved • Ask questions • PowerPoint presentations • Attendance is taken, students are required to attend presentations • Drafting lab/studio time, drafting time outside of class time is required • Suggested for students to follow class schedule and come prepared for each class period.
Success Grading and Evaluation • Drawings – 50 points each – 30% of grade • Lettering – 10 points each – 10% of grade • Homework (W/S) – points vary – 10% of grade • Full set of drawings – 600 points – 25% of grade • Test and Quizzes – points vary – 25% of grade • Possible extra credit – to be determined
Oral Expression • Work towards learning architectural terms to expand your vocabulary and ability to communicate architecturally, see an architectural glossary get to work and start increasing your vocabulary.
Drawing Assignments • 20+/- possible drawings to help develop drafting skills using line quality, line techniques, and an understanding of how building are put together • You will be doing the assignments on CAD and you are eligible for a copy of the software to use at home • Follow the assignment schedule assignments are due one week after assigned at beginning of class. • NO WORK WILL BE ACCEPTE LATE – you can always turn it in early.
Letter Grades of the Course • 95-100% A 90-94% A- • 86-89% B+ 83-85% B • 80-82% B- 77-79% C+ • 73-76% C 70-72% C- • 67-69% D+ 63-66% D • 60-62% D- <60% E
Equipment & Supplies • Required: 8-12 sheets of D size mylar or plot paper (depending on if you are using CAD or Manual drafting styles). You will get one print – additional prints will be at your expense. • Note: only required for those on the boards • Pencils your preference (Mechanical or Metric) • Leads (from 4H to F or HB, your preference) • Drafting erasers (pink pearl or nylon/vinyl) • Drafting tape, erasing shield, & drafting brush • Architectural scale • Triangles: 45 & 30-60 • Lead pointer depends upon what pencils you use • Circle template • Lettering guide • French curve
Drafting Pencils Drafting Leads Drafting Erasers Erasing Shield Drafting Brush Scales Triangles Templates Circle French Curve Drafting Vellum Drafting Tools and Equipment
Drafting Pencils • A. Mechanical Pencil-- one diameter of lead but requires a lead pointer or sharpener • B. Automatic Metric Pencil--requires several grades of leads and mm diameters, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9 mm diameters are available A. B.
Drafting Leads • Leads are graded from 9H (hard) to F (firm) to 6B (soft) with 4H to HB most common for architectural work.
What leads for which pencils? • Mechanical Pencil: • 4H, 2H, H, F or HB • Automatic Metric Pencil: • 4H for 0.3 mm pencil • 2H, H for 0.5 and 0.7 mm pencil • F for 0.9 mm pencil
Erasers • Pink Pearl • Mylar Plastic
Erasing Shield • Metal erasing shield--used to erasing lines close to objects of the drawing that you wish not to disturb.
Drafting Brush • Used to sweep erasing crumbs and excess graphite from the drawing sheet. Using the brush is important to keep drawing clean.
Scales • Architectural Scale--used for all building drawings and details • Civil Engineer Scale--used for plot plans and all types of land related drawings Words written on scales to indicate type
Templates • Floor Plan Template--1/4” scale, has appliances, plumbing fixtures, doors, etc. • Circle Template
Triangles & others • Triangles: • 45 Degree • 30-60 Degree • Adjustable • French Curve • Protractor
Drafting Paper 18" x 24" 11" x 17" 8 1/2" x 11"
Drafting Machine Parts to Know: 1--Base-line wing-nut 2--Protractor brake wing-nut 5 3--Protractor 3 4--Vernier plate 4 1 2 5--Index release
Tools for Lettering • Drafting Pencils • Drafting Leads • Ames Lettering Guide • Triangle • Drafting Machine • Vellum
Drafting Leads • What leads to used for architectural lettering: Common leads for lettering: F, H, 2H
2” measurement with 1/8” increments Rotate wheel Setting for 1/8 spacing between each hole 1/8” Ames Lettering Guide
Why is a lettering guide necessary? • 1--No lines are on your drawing vellum to start with, therefore needed to give size of lettering. • 2--Architectural drawing is a form of technical drawing, tools and instruments are used to create straight line and legible work. • 3--All lettering is done using guidelines. • 4--General rule for guide lines for lettering height: • 1/8” for notes and dimensions • 3/16” for room titles • 1/4” for drawing titles
Architectural Lettering Styles • Handout Information: • Proficiency in lettering is valuable and important • Make lettering consistent, readable, legible, and fast is the ultimate • Architectural lettering generally has evolved from many influences • Usually architectural offices have a uniform style of lettering • Practice, be persistent, and make the effort to do “Triangle or Straight Edge Vertical Stroke” lettering it will be worth it • A requirement of the course
variations variations Architectural Lettering Style • Triangle or Straight Edge Vertical Stroke lettering • All vertical strokes are made with the triangle • Fast & popular architectural style
Architectural Lettering Exercises • Instructions and Format: • “D” size vellum or mylar • Title Block as outlined • Title (heading) of exercise 1/8” high • Lettering 3/32” high with 1/16” spacing between lines of lettering
MORE SPACE MORE SPACE Architectural Lettering Exercise Suggestions MORE SPACE
Acceptable Conduct Horseplay or rowdiness Z Z Z Z Z Z Sleeping Drinking or Eating Classroom Conduct Unacceptable Conduct Honesty Alertness Promptness Good Attitude Hard Work Internet
Acceptable title block positions. Remember that drawings will be placed in your portfolio and should be readable like a book Sheet Layout Handout