Overview: Integrated Concept of the SMART Methodology. Following the 2002 Washington DC meeting, it was decided that the SMART Version 1 Manual:. level of technical difficulty will be aimed primarily at PVOs; to be used by all humanitarian organisations, host countries.
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in any humanitarian crisis
i.e. a situation which represents a significant deviation from the norm.
Taken together, these can meet the criteria set out.
Other supporting information e.g. demographic, will be needed.
The manual will centre on nutritional status as this
Standard established indices (weight-for-height, oedema), and survey techniques will be used.
Even in a non-crisis year, in many locations:
Seasonally within a year
and then only in terms of current nutritional status i.e. surveys cannot be used to predict how nutrition will evolve.
However, on its own trend data has no predictive power.
Predicting how nutrition will evolve is critical to relief planning.
Anthropometric findings (which are a proxy for low food intake) can be put in context if we understand:
A ‘livelihood’ approach will be used to triangulate nutritional survey (and mortality) findings.
The basis of a ‘livelihood’ approach is to :
However, this is ‘data heavy’ i.e.
An average PVO may have difficulty in combining standard HEA assessment with a nutrition survey.
+ livestock & other household assets
+ information for the population on wild foods, non-market redistribution
Where the assumptions and uncertainties are clear.