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Fuel and Pneumatics

Fuel and Pneumatics

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Fuel and Pneumatics

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  1. Fuel and Pneumatics CW3 Dave Mercado

  2. OBJECTIVE • Develop Student Instructor Pilot’s understanding of the Fuel and Pneumatic systems.

  3. PNEUMATICS • First of all, the three sources of air are: • ENGINE • APU • Ground source

  4. BLEED AIR USES • HEATING SYSTEM • ENGINE ANTI-ICE VALVE • ENGINE INLET ANTI-ICE VALVE • ERFS

  5. PNEUMATIC AIR INLET ANTI-ICE VALVE STARTER #2 ENG HEAT START CONTROL VALVES APU CROSS BLEED VALVES STARTER #1 ENG INLET ANTI-ICE VALVE GROUND AIR INLET

  6. Pneumatic Air • ANY QUESTIONS???

  7. FUEL SYSTEM • System Diagram • Associated Emergency Procedures • Fuel by the numbers

  8. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST

  9. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST 1. ENG FUEL SYS selector on affected engine - XFD2. Land as soon as practicable.

  10. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST

  11. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST Land as soon as possible.

  12. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH TEMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH PRESS C X 10 PSI X 10 MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST Ng TGT XMSN ENG OIL FUEL SPEED TEMP PRESS QTYLBS X 100 TEMP % X 10 PSI X 10 C X 10 C X 100 1311987654 111098740 18141210840-4 1911765430 1612108640-4 98765420 14121086420 321 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 DIM PUSHTO TEST ONOFFDIGITS 93 94 340 605 640 TOTAL FUEL TGT Ng 1-CHAN-2

  13. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH Ng TGT XMSN ENG OIL FUEL APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH SPEED TEMP PRESS TEMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH PRESS QTYLBS X 100 TEMP % X 10 PSI X 10 C X 10 PSI X 10 C X 10 C X 100 MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED 1311987654 MR DE-ICEFAIL 111098740 18141210840-4 1911765430 1612108640-4 98765420 14121086420 #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON 321 #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 DIM PUSHTO TEST CARGOHOOK OPEN ONOFFDIGITS 93 94 340 605 640 HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM TOTAL FUEL EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TGT Ng 1-CHAN-2 TEST Land as soon as practicable.

  14. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST

  15. #1 FUEL LOW #1 GEN #2 GEN #2 FUEL LOW #1 ENGOUT #2 ENGOUT #1 FUELPRESS #2 FUELPRESS #2 GEN BRG #1 GEN BRG #1 ENGINEOIL PRESS LOW ROTORRPM #2 ENGINEOIL PRESS MASTER CAUTIONPRESS TO RESET #1 CONV #2 CONV FIRE #1 ENGINEOIL TEMP AC ESSBUS OFF DC ESSBUS OFF #2 ENGINEOIL TEMP CHIP#1 ENGINE BATT LOWCHARGE CHIP#2 ENGINE BATTERYFAULT #1 FUELFLTR BYPASS PITCH BIASFAIL #2 FUELFLTR BYPASS GUSTLOCK #1 OILFLTR BYPASS #1 ENGINESTARTER #2 OILFLTR BYPASS #2 ENGINESTARTER #1 HYDPUMP #2 HYDPUMP #2 PRISERVO PRESS #1 PRISERVO PRESS IRCMINOP #1 TAIL RTRSERVO TAIL ROTORQUADRANT AUX FUEL INT XMSNOIL TEMP TAIL XMSNOIL TEMP APU OILTEMP HI MAIN XMSNOIL TEMP BOOST SERVOOFF STABILATOR SAS OFF TRIM FAIL FLT PATHSTAB RT PITOTHEAT LFT PITOTHEAT IFF CHIP IMPUTMDL - RH CHIPINT XMSN CHIPTAIL XMSN CHIP IMPUTMDL - LH APUFAIL CHIP MAINMDL SUMP CHIP ACCESSMDL - RH CHIP ACCESSMDL - LH MR DE-ICEFAULT TR DE-ICEFAIL ICEDETECTED MR DE-ICEFAIL #2 RSVRLOW #1 RSVRLOW BACK-UPRSVR LOW MAIN XMSNOIL PRESS #1 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #2 ENGANTI-ICE ON #2 ENG INLETANTI-ICE ON #1 ENGANTI-ICE ON PRIME BOOSTPUMP ON BACK-UPPUMP ON APU GEN ON APU ON #2 TAIL RTRSERVO ON APU ACCUMLOW SEARCH LTON LDG LT ON CARGOHOOK OPEN HOOK ARMED BRT/DIM EXT PWRCONNECTED PARKINGBRAKE ON TEST IF SITUATION IS CRITICAL, AND FLAMEOUT IS POSSIBLE:1. FUEL BOOST PUMP CONTROL switches NO.1 PUMP and NO.2 PUMP - ON2. Land as soon as practicable.IF SITUATION IS NOT CRITICAL:1. ENG FUEL SYS selector an affected engine - XFD.IF LIGHT STAYS ON:2. FUEL BOOST PUMP CONTROL switches - NO.1 PUMP and NO.2 PUMP - ONIF LIGHT STAYS ON:3. FUEL BOOST PUMP CONTROL switches - NO.1 PUMP and NO.2 PUMP - OFF4. Land as soon as practicable.

  16. FUEL BY THE NUMBERS • 400-832 PSI • HMU PUMP PRESSURE DEPENDENT ON LOAD DEMAND • 400-600 PSI • APU FUEL PUMP PRESSURE • 360 • Total gallons of fuel if gravity refueled • 359 • Total gallons of fuel if pressure refueled, single point. • 356 • Total gallons of fuel if closed circuit refueled • 300 GPM @ 55 PSI • Max fuel flow and pressure for pressure refueling.

  17. FUEL BY THE NUMBERS • 172 • FUEL LOW CAUTION LIGHTS • 110 GPM @ 15 PSI • Max fuel flow and pressure for closed circuit refuel. • 45-90 PSI • Pressure output of Engine driven boost pump • 30 MICRON • ENGINE Fuel Filter screen size. • 25 MICRON • APU fuel filter screen size • 25 PSI • Minimum pressure of Submerged boost pump

  18. FUEL BY THE NUMBERS • 18 - 22 PSID • ENGINE FUEL FILTER IS IN BYPASS ( CAUTION LIGHT) • 8 - 10 PSID • IMPENDING BYPASS BUTTON POPPED ON FILTER • 10 MICRON • THE OTHER APU FUEL FILTER SCREEN SIZE • 8.5 +/- .5 PSI • LIGHTS FUEL PRESS CAUTION LIGHT • 3.5 • GALLONS OF FUEL REMAINING WHEN DEFUELED

  19. FUEL BY THE NUMBERS • .435 • GALLONS OF UNUSABLE FUEL IN EACH CELL • -3 to -6 • SUCTION PRESSURE OF ENGINE DRIVEN BOOST PUMP • PSI • POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH • PSIG • POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH GAUGE • PSID • POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH DIFFERENTIAL • PEPSI

  20. Summary • GOOD TO GO!!!!!!!!!!!