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NAIROBI CONVENTION. o. The Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean . Doris Mutta Regional Seas  (Nairobi Conventions) Division of Environmental Policy Implementation (DEPI)

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nairobi convention
NAIROBI CONVENTION

o

The Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean

Doris Mutta

Regional Seas  (Nairobi Conventions)

Division of Environmental Policy Implementation (DEPI)

UNEP, UN Gigiri Complex P.O. Box 30552 Nairobi, Kenya [email protected]

http://www.unep.org/NairobiConvention/

http://www.unep.org/AbidjanConvention/

the nairobi convention area
The Nairobi Convention Area

Coastal states (10) Somalia to South Africa

  • 5 Mainland coastal states
  • 5 Island Developing States
  • Coastline > 5,000 km: mangroves, sea grass beds, coral reefs, coastal forests
  • Combined Population 178million- increasing demand on goods and services
the nairobi convention 1985 1996 amended 2010
The Nairobi Convention(1985/1996/Amended 2010)
  • Governments’ political commitment to protection, management and development of the WIO region
  • Umbrella regional agreement elaborated by 3 specific technical protocols Legal framework in the WIO region
  • Platform for collaboration between countries and agencies (transboundary issues)
  • AMCEN declaration of 2010
  • Country driven process/priorities
  • Execution of Programme of Work through regional programmes: govts, national, regional, international institutions
slide4
Marine and Coastal ecosystems support ecological systems, livelihoods and national economic development

Fisheries, shipping, tourism, etc

Over $25b per year and over 60 million coastal population

TransBoundary Diagnostic Analysis

UNEP/GEF WIO-LaB Project

slide5
Physical alteration and destruction of habitats

Habitat conversion: Overexploitation:

Marine pollution: crude oil vessels accidental oil spills,

Chemical pollution: Ports and harbours (hot spots)

Dredging activities

Mangroves dieback, sea grass- decline productivity

Water quality: declining fish stocks, tourism, etc invasive species

UNEP/GEF WIO-LaB Project

slide6
Pollution from land-based sources

Microbiological contaminants, Marine litter

Industrial waste discharge

Ports waste

UNEP/GEF WIO-LaB Project

slide7
Alteration in river flow and sediment loads

River -Coast Interactions

UNEP/GEF WIO-LaB Project

slide8
Emerging issues: Climate Change

UNEP/GEF WIO-LaB Project

the convention the role of shipping ports
THE CONVENTION THE ROLE OF SHIPPING &PORTS
  • Articles 5 Pollution from ships
  • Article 6: Pollution caused by dumping waste from ships
  • Article 7 Pollution from land based sources
  • Article 8: Pollution from sea-bed activities
the convention s protocols legal frameworks
The Convention’s ProtocolsLegal Frameworks
  • Protocol concerning protected areas and wild fauna and flora in Eastern African region
  • Protocol concerning cooperation in combating marine pollution in cases of emergency in the Eastern African Region (marine pollution) – oil spills and other harmful substances
  • Protocol concerning land based sources and activities of pollution negotiated and adopted 1 April 2010
  • Strategic Action Programme____ endorsed 1 April 2010
emergency protocol
Emergency Protocol
  • Protocol concerning cooperation in combating marine pollution in cases of emergency
    • Take all necessary measures to prevent, remedy and protect marine and coastal environment
    • Establish and maintain means of responding to marine pollution incidents and reduce risk
    • Enact relevant legislation, prepare contingency plans
partnership with international maritime organisation imo
Partnership with International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
  • Technical assistance to individual countries for strengthening marine pollution responses capabilities
    • Prevention, reduction and control of marine pollution
  • Assessment of problems relating to contingency plans development, sensitivity maps
  • Assessment of regional capability to deal with marine pollution
  • Upgrade countries pollution preparedness and response capabilities
slide13
Strategic Action Programme for the Protection of the

Western Indian Ocean Coastal and Marine Environment

from Land-based Sources and Activities

“People of the region prospering from a healthy Western Indian Ocean”

Promote sustainable development in the WIO Region by strengthening the management of coastal and marine resources, on the basis of an ecosystem-based management approach

strategic components environmental quality objectives
Strategic Components/Environmental Quality Objectives

Frame of reference for regional harmonisation and coordination of transboundary efforts

By 2035 in the WIO region:

  • Critical coastal habitats will be protected, restored and managed for sustainable use;
  • Water quality will meet international standards; and
  • River flows will be wisely and sustainably managed

By 2015, there will be:

  • Effective collaboration at regional level in addressing transboundary challenges (Governance)
national roll out
National roll-out

A Strategic Action Programme on Land-based Sources and Activities Management

A new Protocol on Land-based Sources and Activities for the Nairobi Convention

Mainstreaming Land-based Sources and Activities Management at the National Level

Mainstreaming into national development plans

Development of partnerships for SAP implementation

Development of concrete proposals for donor/partner support

Monitoring and evaluation of SAP implementation

the role of ports and maritime transport
The Role of Ports and Maritime Transport
  • Ports play an important role in sustaining national economies international/regional trade
  • Role to play in restoring water quality and therefore sustaining marine biodiversity, ecological services- livelihoods(fish stocks, human health, tourism)
  • Minimise impact of port development
  • Environmental performance
  • Adequate contingency plans
  • Sensitivity mapping
  • Reception facilities for oil waste
environmental management of areas and activities within ports water land air
Environmental Management of areas and activities within ports (water, land, air),
  • Through controlled chemical pollution (suspended solids); solid waste management: marine litter
  • Port reception facilities (transport, handling and storage);
  • Ballast water management;
  • Port expansion developments (habitat alteration and destruction)
  • Key Principles for Port and Harbour Development: good mgt practices in planning, design and management (GPA/UNEP)
    • Environmentally accountable, E performance, EIA, networks, partnerships
slide18
Strategic Action Programme for the Protection of the

Western Indian Ocean Coastal and Marine Environment

from Land-based Sources and Activities

Partnership for a healthy Western Indian Ocean

thank you
THANK YOU

Please visit

www.unep.org/NairobiConvention

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