Typhoon Haiyan Disaster By Meg, Brooke J, Brooke R.
When and where did it occur? • The super typhoon hit the Philippines on Friday the 8th of November, in the early morning and exited the country on the 9th- Saturday afternoon. • An average of 20 typhoons strike every year, and Haiyan was the 24th so far this year. • The typhoon hit and affected most of the country, the worst hit regions being Samar and Leyte, suffering mass destruction and loss of life, with the town of Tacloban in Leyte being worst of all. The whole town of several hundred thousand people was essentially flattened. • The major storm just missed the Capital city of Manila although they were still majorly affected. • Although it occurred more than 2 weeks ago, the destruction is still devastating the country and they are still receiving help and slowly rebuilding.
What was the extent (scale) of the hazard? • Believed to be one of the deadliest in the country's history • A category 5 typhoon • Waves as high as five metres • The cost of rebuilding devastated areas could reach £3.6bn • Wind speeds up to 275 kph.- triggering major landslides and forcing 800,000 people to flee their homes. • At least 5,500 people died in the Typhoon, according to the latest government figures, but it’s believed that number will climb far higher as victims continue to be pulled from the wreckage. • President Benigno Aquino declared the devastation a “national calamity”. • Approximately 9.5 million people were affected
What were the impacts of the typhoon disaster? • People were seen right after the storm, walking through the debris • Coconut and banana trees, the main source of income for many poor families, were either bent or broken. • Many houses had collapsed and roofs torn away. • Many villages flattened • Everything swept away, even houses and tall buildings with strong walls came crashing to the ground. • Communication was exceedingly difficult as most of the lines were broken, so getting help was a challenging process. • Bodies piled up, lining the streets • All schools and many stores were closed • Emergency food and water stalls were set up • Airports, especially the Tacloban airport, were flooded with people trying to leave • As many as 100 bodies are still being recovered each day in Tacloban alone • Being a more underprivileged country the Philippines need all the international help they can get • Approximately 5,500 people have been killed • 23,500 were injured due to the epic storm • 1,600 reported missing • Over 1,500,000 people were displaced
Explain and evaluate the local and international community response Local- • (World Vision Philippines has been doing back-to-back relief response, from typhoon Habagat, the Zamboanga siege, Bohol earthquake, and now, Haiyan) • Child Friendly Spaces being set up in Northern Cebu to give children a place to play, learn, and recover- World Vision has begun setting up its dedicated ‘safe spaces’ for children affected by Typhoon Haiyan. • several groups and individuals have launched initiatives to raise funds and supplies for survivors • Many shelters and “safe zones” have been set up for those who have been displaced • The main highway in Tacloban has been cleared first so emergency aid can access all places • Both the mayor and the president are working tremendously hard to help everyone
Explain and evaluate the local and international community response International- • Volunteers are there, tirelessly packing up relief supplies • The task of delivering aid and relief materials is facing huge obstacles due to the blocked roads and destroyed communication lines. • The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC), a group of 14 aid charities, said the public was continuing to give with "amazing generosity". • Asian Development Bank: $500m emergency loans and $23m in grants • Australia: $30m ($28m) package, including medical staff, shelter materials, water containers and hygiene kits • China: 10m yuan ($1.6m; £1m) in relief goods plus $200,000 (£120,000) from government and Red Cross • European Commission: $11m • Indonesia: Logistical aid including aircraft, food, generators and medicine • Israel: 148-person team, including search, rescue and medical services; field hospital with 100 tonnes of aid • Japan: $10m, including tents and blankets. Pledged up to 1,000 soldiers, 25-person medical team already sent • South Korea: $5m plus a 40-strong medical team • UAE: $10m in humanitarian aid • US: $20m in humanitarian aid, 90 marines, aircraft carrier plus logistics support • UK: $16m (£10m) package including emergency shelter, water and household item
Residents wait near Tacloban’s damaged airport for relief goods on Nov. 9.
CNN Videos Tacloban residents still suffering- http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/world/2013/11/19/philippines-tacloban-typhoon-aftermath.cnn.html Tacloban relief effort continues- http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/world/2013/11/17/coren-typhoon-relief.cnn.html Videos shows moment typhoon hit http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/weather/2013/11/17/nr-whitfield-typhoon-surge-hit.cnn.html Typhoon Haiyan- one week on- http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/world/2013/11/17/pkg-shubert-phillippines-aftermath.cnn.html
Bibliography- • Philippines disaster relief: a diary of devastation, loss and hope- retrieved 23/11- last updated Saturday 23 November 2013- http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/nov/22/philippines-disaster-relief-diary-typhoon-haiyan • Philippines Typhoon Haiyan: As it happened on Wednesday- retrieved 24/11- last updated Wednesday 13 November 2013- http://zeenews.india.com/news/world/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-as-it-happened-on-wednesday_889520.html • Typhoon Haiyan: The search for bodies- retrieved 23/11- last updated Saturday 23 November 2013- http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25051472 • Worse than hell- retrieved 24/11- last updated 16 November 2013- http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21589916-one-strongest-storms-ever-recorded-has-devastated-parts-philippines-and-relief • 31 Devastating Images Of Typhoon Haiyan’s Destruction- retrieved 24/11- last updated Sunday 10 November 2013- http://www.buzzfeed.com/rachelzarrell/27-devastating-images-from-typhoon-haiyans-destruction • Tracking Typhoon Haiyan- retrieved 25/11- last updated Sunday 10 November 2013- http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/11/interactive-maptracking-typhoon-haiyan-20131191288605973.html • IS climate change to blame for Typhoon Haiyan- retrieved 25/11- last updated Wednesday 13 November 2013- http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/11/13/climate-change-blame-typhoon-haiyan • Filipinos start painstaking task of rebuilding- retrieved 25/11- last updated 19 November 2013-http://www.dw.de/filipinos-start-painstaking-task-of-rebuilding/a-17239488/ • Tacloban relief effort continues- retrieved 24/11- last updated 17 November 2013- http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/world/2013/11/17/coren-typhoon-relief.cnn.html