Yohkoh galileo to infinity and beyond
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Yohkoh Galileo: To Infinity! … and Beyond!. Lockheed Martin’s Role in the Yohkoh Galileo Project 10 July 2002. Introduction . Purpose of the Yohkoh Galileo Project:

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Yohkoh galileo to infinity and beyond
Yohkoh Galileo: To Infinity! … and Beyond!

  • Lockheed Martin’s Role

  • in the Yohkoh Galileo Project

  • 10 July 2002


  • Purpose of the Yohkoh Galileo Project:

    “The Yohkoh Galileo project will complete higher-level data preparations and will archive the required calibration and technical information necessary for the extended use of the archive by scientists now and in the future.”

Lockheed martin tasks
Lockheed Martin Tasks

  • Production of Level 0 data products

    • Retains original Yohkoh (Mons Morrison) format

    • Final delivery to SDAC (GSFC)

  • Publication of Level 1 data products

  • Publication of Level 2 data products

  • Publication of additional (Level 2+) products

  • Production of final calibration data products

Definition of data products
Definition of Data Products

  • Level 0 Data (original format)

  • Level 1 Data:

    • FITS format - Maintain compatibility with latest FITS header definitions

    • FFI set - Uncompressed, despiked, dark subtracted, leak subtracted (but not spatially coaligned)

    • PFI (OR) set - Uncompressed, despiked, dark subtracted, leak subtracted and assembled

Definition of data products continued
Definition of Data Products (continued)

  • Level 2 Data (SXT):

    • Desaturated (composited)

    • SSC (SXT Science Composite set): Uncompressed

    • SSS (Full disk movie version)

      • Replaces SFDs

      • Logarithmic compression and intensity normalized

      • Coaligned

Definition of data products continued1
Definition of Data Products (continued)

  • Level 2+ Data (SXT):

    • Descattering of SSC and SSS sets

    • Synoptic maps, coronal hole maps, active region catalog, flare catalog

    • Mission light curve data

Notes on fits definition
Notes on FITS Definition

  • Final generation of FITS format

  • Format to be compatible with all standard fits headers available at that time (e.g., include observer position information)

    • Header content under review

    • Separate revision control for format and content

    • Files will contain only one solar image per file

Notes on fits content
Notes on FITS Content

  • Content definition of the SXT FITS header:

    • Will be led by Freeland with input from others.

    • Expect first draft of header to be released August 1.

    • Comments will be solicited. We strongly urge the other instrument teams to adopt a similar standard.

    • Expect the final version of the header to be released October 1.

Notes on fits definition1
Notes on FITS Definition

  • Open issues concerning FITS definition:

    • Make use of binary extensions features or avoid?

    • How to include history information? (Probably standardize a format using the comment field)

    • How to handle uncertainties

      • Separate archives or files (provides format longevity)?


      • Two images per file (minimizes overhead)?

Notes on fits definition2
Notes on FITS Definition

  • Data format and content should be compatible with VSO/EGSO standards

  • SXT calibration data and certain generic data (e.g., ATT, FEM, etc) will be archived in FITS format

Status of level 0 tasks
Status of Level 0 Tasks

  • Delivery of reformatted raw data (Level 0) to the SDAC:

    • On schedule for completion by July 31, 2002.

Status of level 1 tasks
Status of Level 1 Tasks:

  • Leak subtraction software:

    • This is the major open calibration task.

    • Current algorithm (Metcalf/Acton) uses a two step correction procedure:

      • Subtraction of interpolated leak images

      • Removal of any residual component that remains correlated with the interpolated leak image.

Status of level 1 tasks1
Status of Level 1 Tasks:

  • Leak subtraction algorithms (continued):

    • Leak subtraction is handled separately for each ‘epoch’ of the mission (each epoch is defined to be the period between two successive SXT entrance filter failures)

    • Within each epoch there must be a sufficient set of valid terminator (leak) images for leak image interpolation

    • Currently, there are two short (~2 month) epoches in 1999 for which leak image sampling was insufficient to allow leak image interpolation. The leak image algorithms for these periods have yet to be developed.

Status of level 2 tasks
Status of Level 2 Tasks:

  • Software is ready

  • Major outstanding task is ATT finalization

Status of level 2 tasks1
Status of Level 2+ Tasks:

  • Descatter - MSU

  • Synoptic map - Slater

    • 75% complete; expect 100% by 1 Oct 2002

  • Catalogs - In progress

Status of calibration tasks
Status of Calibration Tasks:

  • Final calibration tasks:

    • Dark Subtraction algorithms: Completed.

    • Composite image generation techniques: Completed (three exposure composites now incorporated).

  • SSC/SSS generation pipeline:

    • In place and in use.

    • Currently implementing distributed processing (GLOBUS) on ISAS and LMSAL computers.

Sxt data production pipeline
SXT data production pipeline

  • Data products beyond level 0 are in some cases interdependent. However, some of the calibration products (ATT, leak subtraction) are currently open-ended. Therefore, it is important to have data ‘pipelines’ set up for regenerating various data products multiple times over the course of the Galileo project

Sxt data production pipeline1
SXT data production pipeline

  • We propose to establish a ‘cycling’ queue for each data product (e.g., SSC set) which will run automatically as updates to software or calibration sets become available

  • In this way we can be assured that when the project nears completion we will not be caught without adequate to complete all data products

Sxt data production pipeline2
SXT data production pipeline

  • As part of the pipeline, we are devloping a GLOBUS system on the ISAS/LMSAL/MSU? Computers, to decrease the turn around times for data product versions

Additional lockheed tasks
Additional Lockheed tasks

  • Update SXT emissivity software to incorporate new abundance and ionization data (with application to SXT temperature and emission measure calculations: sxt_teem)

  • GOES-12 SXI /SXT cross calibration

  • Yohkoh scientific campaign catalog

  • Improvement of user interface to SXT data (including full mission ‘events’ access)

Additional lockheed tasks1
Additional Lockheed tasks

  • Improvement of ATT (spacecraft pointing) database

  • SXT uncertainties

    • Generate for FFI

    • Seek to preserve photon statistics through the calibration process

  • Radiation Belt Monitor (RBM) Level-1 generation

  • Combined SXT/HXT/BCS flare catalog


  • Level 0 complete by 31-Jul-02

  • Level 1 ongoing

  • Level 2 ongoing

  • Level 2+ ongoing

Lmsal team
LMSAL team:

  • Primary

    • S. Freeland, T. Metcalf, N. Nitta, G. Slater

  • Supporting

    • D. Alexander, M. Aschwanden, F. Friedlaender, J. Lemen, P. Shirts

  • Transitional

    • J. Bartus, H. Hudson, A. Takeda