Topic: Hurricanes. Key terms: - - - -. A hurricane is a. - - - -. Where do they form?. Other names for Hurricanes. Typhoons in Eastern Asia Cyclones in India Willy willy in Australia. The Anatomy of a Hurricane Katrina August 28, 2005. Eye. Eye Wall.
Topic: Hurricanes • Key terms: - - - -
A hurricane is a • - • - • - • -
Other names for Hurricanes • Typhoons in Eastern Asia • Cyclones in India • Willy willy in Australia
The Anatomy of a HurricaneKatrina August 28, 2005 Eye Eye Wall Spiral Rain Bands
What is the #1 cause of deaths by hurricanes? Storm Surges Hurricane storm surge causes approximately 90% of all storm deaths and injuries and much of the damage
Storm Surge Wind
Highest storm surge: 25 feet Hurricane Camille, 1969 hit Pass Christian Mississippi
The southern shore of Long Island is most vulnerable to storm surge because hurricane landfall will first occur there and the low elevation will allow sea water to move well inland.
Saffir-Simpson Scale • - • -
Saffir-Simpson Scale • Category 1 -- Winds 74-95 mph • Category 2 -- Winds 96-110 mph • Category 3 -- Winds 111-130 mph • Category 4 -- Winds 131-155 mph • Category 5 -- Winds over 155 mph (these are VERY rare)
The Long Island Express • The 1938 hurricane produced the equivalent $41.5 billion in losses today. • 600 to 700 people were killed, • 3500 - 5000 people were injured • 75,000 buildings were damaged • 20,000 automobiles destroyed, and 3,000 boats sunk.
2012 AlbertoBerylChrisDebbyErnestoFlorenceGordonHeleneIsaacJoyceKirkLeslieMichaelNadineOscarPattyRafaelSandyTonyValerieWilliam 2013 AndreaBarryChantalDorianErinFernandGabrielleHumbertoIngridJerryKarenLorenzoMelissaNestorOlgaPabloRebekahSebastienTanyaVanWendy 2011 ArleneBretCindyDonEmilyFranklinGertHarveyIreneJoseKatiaLeeMariaNateOpheliaPhilippeRinaSeanTammyVinceWhitney
The Hurricane Strengthens… • Hurricane Katrina becomes a powerful Category 5 storm • Wind speeds are now up to 175 mph • Gulf Coast residents are ordered to evacuate
Infrared Satellite Image of Hurricane Katrina August 28, 2005.
Before and After Before the flooding caused by levee breaches in New Orleans After the levees were breached in New Orleans
Place of Refuge, The Superdome The Superdome, with parts of the roof missing Flooding around the Superdome
Scenario With the increase of number of hurricanes occurring each year, the potential for a hurricane to strike Long Island has increased. Create a hurricane disaster plan for yourself. What should you, your family and your friends do before a hurricane strikes? During a hurricane? After a hurricane?