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The Conservative Revolution. Ch. 26, Sec. 1, 2. Roots of Revolution. Conservative Republican movement grew dramatically with Reagan’s election. Movement saw beginnings during \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_. Conservatives opposed much New Deal regulation, as it increased size, scope, & power of gov’t .

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roots of revolution
Roots of Revolution
  • Conservative Republican movement grew dramatically with Reagan’s election.
    • Movement saw beginnings during ___________________.
  • Conservatives opposed much New Deal regulation, as it increased size, scope, & power of gov’t.
    • Said US couldn’t afford huge federal spending & budget deficits.
  • 1934-conservatives formed _____________________.
    • Pushed respect for _______________________________, importance of _______________________ (do it yourself).
    • FDR’s Court Packing Plan helped form coalition to oppose New Deal legislation.
  • Under FDR & Truman, Democrats controlled White House for ______________-.
1952-Ike elected, practiced “________________ ____________________________”.
    • Accepted basic outline of New Deal, did not cut down size of gov’t.
    • Grew size of gov’t with creation of _______________ ___________________________________.
  • 1964-Republican ________________________ ran against LBJ.
    • Opposed gov’t activism (including social security), federal civil rights laws, antipoverty program; promoted military buildup to oppose USSR.
    • Many NE Republicans felt Goldwater _____________.
    • Lost by huge margin to LBJ.
    • Goldwater strongly supported by Southerners.
      • Showed that conservative Southern Democrats might cross over to Republican Party.
Conservatives shut down during LBJ’s Great Society programs.
  • 1968-Nixon elected, bringing Republicans back.
    • Opposed most _______________________________, billions in spending, wanted to cut.
      • Failed, Congress opposed cuts.
    • Again, gov’t grew with creation of _______________.
      • Many felt (rightly) that new programs interfered with private lives, property, business.
  • Conservatives didn’t like ___________________.
    • Sex- and drug-promoting rock music, use of illegal drugs, violent protests & riots (lack of law & order).
    • Opposed birth control pills, hated Roe v. Wade.
    • Many opposed women’s rights movement.
Most conservatives were fine with civil rights movement.
    • Opposed _________________________________ ____________________ (reverse discrimination).
    • Many Democrats also opposed affirmative action, busing programs; helped Republicans win elections in 1980s.
reagan revolution
Reagan Revolution
  • __________________ was a New Deal Democrat during Great Depression, saw FDR as a hero.
  • 1930s-40s-While in Hollywood, RR was active in ___________________________, movie union.
    • Was also active in exposing Communists in Hollywood; earned him death threats, shot at.
  • By 1950s, RR was conservative Republican.
    • Felt Democrats letting gov’t get too big, too soft on Communism.
  • 1950s-joined _______________, hosted tv show, gave speeches across US praising ____________ ____________________________, attacked gov’t regulation, Communism.
1966-RR elected _______________________, later reelected.
    • Cut back social programs, limited state spending, slight tax increase eliminated CA budget deficits.
    • Strongly opposed to ________________________ ___________ on college campuses; used National Guard to keep order at UC Berkeley.
  • 1976-RR ran against _____________________ for Republican nomination, barely lost.
    • Speeches energized Republicans, made RR household name.
Late 1970s-conservative groups formed _____ __________ coalition.
    • Wanted _________________, less regulation & taxes, cutting social programs, return to more traditional _______________________.
    • New right strongly backed RR in 1980.
  • 1980-RR ran against Carter.
    • RR very funny, witty, had simple message, “____ _______________________________________”.
    • Made fun of Carter’s ideas, policies.
      • “A recession is when your neighbor loses his job, A depression is when you lose yours. A recovery is when Jimmy Carter loses his.”
      • When Carter started in on US’ problems-”There you go again.”
RR won 51% of popular vote to Carter’s 41%, RR carried 44 states to Carter’s 6.
    • RR had 489 electoral votes, Carter had 49.
  • Republicans also gained control of Senate for first time since Ike.
  • RR and Republican party had clear _________ to carry out their ideas.
    • Support of the people.
reagan s first term
Reagan’s First Term
  • Three main goals: ______________________ _____________________________________ _______________________________________
    • When sworn in, went right to work.
  • Economic program called “_________________”.
    • Focused on “_____________________________”.
      • Cutting taxes, especially on job-creators, would encourage business growth, more money in pockets.
  • 1981-passed 5% tax cut.
  • 1982-1983-2 10% tax cuts.
  • 1986-Huge tax reform bill cut taxes at all levels, closed loopholes so all had to pay their share.
RR also began major program of _____________.
    • Continued & expanded Carter’s energy & transportation deregulation.
    • Cut budgets of most gov’t regulatory agencies (ex-EPA).
  • RR argued that the more businesses had to spend to meet ________________, the less money they could spend to grow their businesses, hire employees.
  • RR also challenged _______________.
    • 1981-______________________________________ __________________________ struck for higher pay.
    • RR gave the 13,000 strikers 2 days to return to work.
      • Most didn’t, RR fired them; unions don’t have right to disrupt vital services.
RR believed that success came from _______ _________________________.
    • Opposite of welfare system beliefs-gov’t should help those who can’t help themselves.
  • Felt gov’t was too ______________________ _______________, began cutting size of gov’t.
    • Cut public service jobs, reduced unemployment benefits, welfare benefits, reduced spending on food stamps.
  • Created ______________________ program.
    • Gov’t would not tell states how to use federal aid.
RR called USSR the “________________”, was determined to roll back Communism.
  • Spent $_____________ on military in 5 years.
    • Bought new missile systems, new bombers, new missile subs (boomers).
    • 1983-announced __________________________ ____________, known as ___________________.
      • Space-based missile defense shield to destroy incoming nukes.
      • Gov’t would began funding research.
  • USSR complained that US was being aggressive, called RR a “______________”.
US involved in other areas besides USSR under RR.
  • ___________________ was in a civil war.
    • 1982-RR sent Marines into capital ___________ to keep peace.
    • October 1983-Truck bomb blew up Marine barracks, killed __________________________.
      • Americans demanded we pull out, did in Feb 1984.
  • Libya, run by ___________________, financed terror attacks on US & Israeli targets in Europe.
    • RR ordered airstrikes on Qadaffi in 1986, no more problems.
US also fought Communism in Americas.
    • Paid ___________________ $1 million/day to help resist takeover by Communist guerrillas.
  • 1983-Military coup in ___________________ installed Communist-friendly gov’t.
    • RR sent in troops to protect medical school with US students, overthrew gov’t, oversaw free elections.
Right after he took office, US experienced worst recession since Great Depression.
    • Very brief, only lasted 1.5 years.
    • RR’s tax cuts quickly stimulated economy, ended recession, economy grew dramatically.
  • Even though RR promised reduced spending, balanced budget, no deficit, deficit grew during 1980s.
    • Due mainly to military spending, aid to countries resisting Communism.