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Latin Vocabulary 4. Roots, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, sentences, and related words. cognizance. cogn – knowledge cognizance – n . conscious knowledge or awareness, especially through observation adj. cognizant adv. cognizantly n. cognition

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latin vocabulary 4

Latin Vocabulary 4

Roots, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, sentences, and related words

cognizance
cognizance
  • cogn–
  • knowledge
  • cognizance –
  • n. conscious knowledge or awareness, especially through observation adj. cognizant adv. cognizantly n. cognition
  • Synonyms: advertence, advertency, awareness, attention, consciousness, heed, knowledge, mindfulness, note, notice, observance, observation
  • Antonyms: unfamiliarity
cognizance1
cognizance
  • In spite of the fact that she said yes to the date, Justin was cognizant of the fact that she was more interested in his roommate than she was him.
  • Her cognizance of numerous accidents near the school and the overgrown shrubbery in front of the stop sign kept her from being hit by the driver who raced through the intersection unaware.
cognizance2
cognizance

Related Words:

  • cognition
  • incognito
  • precognition
  • recognizance
  • recognize
dormant
dormant
  • dorm –
  • sleep
  • dormant –
  • adj. in an inactive state, like hibernating n. dormancy adv. dormantly
  • Synonyms: asleep, dozing, napping, resting, sleeping, slumbering
  • Antonyms: awake, sleepless, wakeful, wide-awake
dormant1
dormant
  • Volcanoes are often dormant, but volcanologists keep close them under observation to alert the public if they see signs of activity.
  • The ornate horned frog and the African bullfrog dig down into the dry soil and wait for the rains during the long dry seasons of their native regions, and their dormancy can last several months before they are revived by the spring rains.
dormant2
dormant

Related Words:

  • dorm
  • dormitory
  • dormer
  • dormancy
  • dormative
profuse
profuse
  • fus–
  • Pour
  • profuse –
  • adj. very or excessively generous; given or done freely or abundantly adv. profusely n. profusion
  • Synonyms: plentiful, copious, galore, gushing, lavish, riotous
  • Antonyms: dribbling, trickling
profuse1
profuse

Merriam-Webster

Synonym Discussion:

  • Profuse, lavish, luxuriant, lush, exuberant mean giving or given out in great abundance.
  • Profuse implies pouring forth without restraint <profuse apologies>.
  • Lavish suggests an unstinted or unmeasured profusion <a lavish party>.
  • Luxuriant suggests a rich and splendid abundance <a luxuriant beard>.
  • Lush suggests rich, soft luxuriance <a lush green lawn>.
  • Exuberant implies marked vitality or vigor in what produces abundantly <an exuberant imagination>.
profuse2
profuse
  • By all accounts, the azalea bush had never produced well in the landscaper’s nursery, but once it was moved to a mostly sunny location at her client’s home, it produced profuse blooms for several weeks.
  • Newcomers to the country are most impressed with the profusion of goods available at every supermarket and the plethora of choices we have in our shopping.
profuse3
profuse

Related Words:

  • circumfuse
  • confuse
  • defuse
  • diffuse
  • effusive
  • infuse
  • refuse
  • suffuse
  • transfuse
egregious
egregious
  • e-
  • out
  • egregious –
  • adj. extremely bad; flagrant; extraordinary or remarkable in a bad way adv. egregiously n. egregiousness
  • Synonyms: blatant, conspicuous, flagrant, glaring, gross, obvious, patent, pronounced, striking
egregious1
egregious
  • The surgeon made an egregious error when he failed to count the surgical devices and left a clamp inside his patient.
  • As an English teacher, I have to be very careful with spelling, grammar, and punctuation because any error is seen as egregious.
egregious2
egregious

Related Words:

  • e pluribus unum
  • ebullient
  • edict
  • educate
  • egress
  • eject
  • elate
  • elicit
  • eloquence
manacle s
manacle/s
  • manu, mani –
  • hand
  • manacle/s –
  • n. & v. handcuffs or shackles; to shackle v. manacles, -ed, -ing
  • Synonyms: band, bind, bracelet, chain, cuff(s), fetter, handcuff(s), irons, shackle, chain, enchain, enfetter, pinion
  • Antonyms: unbind, unfetter, unshackle
manacle s1
manacle/s
  • The prisoner spent weeks filing away at his manacles and was able to escape once he was free of the cumbersome leg shackles.
  • In modern prisons, prisoners are manacled to restrain them and to discourage them from attempting to escape when moving them from cell to visitation or the medical facility or when transporting them from prison to court, as well.
manacle s2
manacle/s

Related Words:

  • emancipate
  • manage
  • maneuver
  • manicure
  • manifest
  • manipulate
  • manufacture
  • manuscript
monocle
monocle
  • ocul –
  • eye
  • monocle –
  • n. an eyeglass for use with only one eye
  • adj. monocle
monocle1
monocle
  • The Monopoly man wears a monocle, a single lens used for vision in one eye.
  • Although I think monocles are very neat, who uses a single lens for vision?
monocle2
monocle

Related Words:

  • binocular
  • inoculate
  • intraocular
  • monocular
  • ocular
  • oculist
  • retroocular
quadruped
quadruped
  • ped –
  • foot
  • quadruped –
  • n. & adj. a four-footed animal
  • adj. quadrupedal
quadruped1
quadruped
  • A creature does not have to be alive to be a quadruped; it merely has to have four legs.
  • Quadrupeds can be robotic, alien, or terrestrial as long as they have four feet.
quadruped2
quadruped

Related Words:

  • biped
  • centipede
  • expedient
  • expedite
  • impede
  • millipede
  • pedal
  • pedestal
  • pedestrian
  • pedicure
  • pedigree
dispel
dispel
  • pel –
  • to drive
  • dispel –
  • v. to drive away in various directions; to cause to vanish v. dispelled, -s, -ing
  • Synonyms: clear out, disband, scatter, disperse, dissipate, squander
  • Antonyms: assemble, cluster, collect, concentrate, congregate, gather, ingather
  • Note: it should not have as an object a single, indivisible thing
dispel1
dispel
  • After the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, petroleum companies utilized chemical dispersants to attempt to dispel the tar and oil.
  • Farmers occasionally hired children to throw rocks and startle birds in order to dispel the voracious creatures that would eat the freshly planted garden.
dispel2
dispel

Related Words:

  • compel
  • expel
  • impel
  • interpellate
  • propel
  • repel
verbatim
verbatim
  • verb –
  • word
  • verbatim –
  • adj. in the exact words
  • Synonyms: ad verbum, directly, exactly, word for word
  • Antonyms: inexactly
verbatim1
verbatim
  • The court reporter must take great pains to transcribe every word spoken on the record in court, and the document she creates must be verbatim.
  • Julee knew her lesson had worked when she overheard students discussing the concept and using the primary text verbatim to support their points.
verbatim2
verbatim

Related Words:

  • adverb
  • proverb
  • proverbial
  • verb
  • verbal
  • verbalize
  • verbiage
  • verbose
  • verve
convivial
convivial
  • vit, viv, vivi –
  • life; breath, mind; soul
  • convivial –
  • adj. sociable; fond of eating, drinking, and good companionship n. conviviality adv. convivially
  • Synonyms: boon, companionable, extroverted (also extraverted), gregarious, outgoing, sociable, social
  • Antonyms: antisocial, introverted, nongregarious, reclusive, unsociable, unsocial
convivial1
convivial
  • I wasn’t expecting the convivial atmosphere at the fundraiser since it was being held in the library on campus, but everyone was lively and having a good time.
  • I love to make friends who are convivial and outgoing, enjoying good food, socializing, and meeting people.
convivial2
convivial

Related Words:

  • aqua vitae
  • curriculum vitae (CV)
  • devitalize
  • joie de vivre
  • revitalize
  • revive
  • survive
  • viable
  • vitality
  • vitamins
  • vivacious
  • vivid
root review
Root Review
  • ped –
  • foot
  • dorm –
  • sleep
  • pel –
  • to drive
  • e-
  • out
  • ocul –
  • eye
  • vit, viv, vivi –
  • life; breath, mind; soul
  • manu, mani –
  • hand
  • cogn–
  • knowledge
  • verb –
  • word
  • fus–
  • pour
root review1
Root Review
  • cede, ceed, cess –
  • to go; to yield
  • corp/o, corpor, corpus –
  • body
  • –locu, -loqu –
  • to speak, speech, talk, discourse
  • liter –
  • letter
  • duc, duct –
  • to lead
  • du, duo –
  • two; second
  • medi –
  • middle
  • scrib, script –
  • write
  • vers, vert –
  • turn
  • -ject –
  • to throw
root review2
Root Review
  • retro –
  • back; backward; behind
  • sub –
  • below; beneath; lower in rank; under; nearly
  • super –
  • above; over; beyond
  • trans –
  • across; through; change; beyond
  • ultra –
  • beyond; excessive
  • dict –
  • speech, to speak; proclaim (declare officially); word
  • mal –
  • bad; evil; ill; wrong
  • omni –
  • all
  • post –
  • after; behind
  • pre –
  • before; in front of
root review3
Root Review
  • cide –
  • to kill
  • cred –
  • belief; believe
  • extra, extro –
  • outside of; beyond
  • inter –
  • between; among
  • magn, magna, magni –
  • great; large
  • ambi, amphi –
  • both; on both sides; around
  • ante –
  • before
  • bell –
  • war
  • bene, bon –
  • good; well
  • circum –
  • around; surrounding