Latin Vocabulary 1 Roots, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, sentences, and related words
ambivalent • ambi, amphi – (Gr & L) • both; on both sides; around • ambivalent – • adj. having simultaneous conflicting feelings toward something; undecided • n. ambivalence adv. ambivalently
ambivalent • Though her parents were certain she would love Alabama more than Auburn, Tracy was ambivalent and could not decide between the two. • The dish was quite interesting but beyond my palate, and my ambivalence offended the illustrious chef when I couldn’t tell him whether I liked the pistachio mousse with the cherry liquor or not.
ambivalent Related words: • ambiance • ambidextrous • ambiguous • amphibian • amphipod • amphitheater
antemeridian • ante – • before; prior to • ante meridian (also ante meridiem ) – • n. (a.m.) before noon
antemeridian • We intended to meet at five to prepare for our hike, but I didn’t realize that our guide meant ante meridian! • Ante meridian means before noon, and that is where we get a.m.; likewise, p.m. comes from post meridian (or post meridiem).
antemeridian Related words: • ancestry [an(te)+cede] • antebellum • antecedent • antechamber • antediluvian • anterior • anteroom
belligerent • bell – • war • belligerent – • adj. warlike; quick to fight • n. belligerence adv. belligerently • Synonyms: aggressive, antagonistic, argumentative, assaultive, bellicose, combative, confrontational, contentious, discordant, feisty, gladiatorial, militant, pugnacious, quarrelsome, scrappy, truculent, warlike, on the warpath • Antonyms: nonaggressive, nonbelligerent, pacific, peaceable, peaceful, unbelligerent, uncombative, uncontentious
belligerent • Jerry’s belligerent attitude earned him the nickname “Scary Jerry” because he always seemed to start arguments and get in fights. • In spite of Sharon’s calm demeanor and placid expression, I knew her to be very belligerent, and I wanted to warn the other mixed martial arts competitors.
belligerent Related words: • antebellum • postbellum • bellicose • rebel • rebellion
beneficent • bene, bon – • good; well • beneficent – • adj. doing good through acts of charity or kindness • n. beneficence adv. beneficently • Synonyms: humane, benevolent, benignant, compassionate, good-hearted, kind, kindhearted, kindly, softhearted, sympathetic, tender, tenderhearted, warmhearted • Antonyms: atrocious, barbaric, barbarous, bestial, brutal, brute, brutish, callous, cold-blooded, cruel, fiendish, hard-hearted, heartless, inhuman, inhumane, insensate, sadistic, savage, truculent, uncompassionate, unfeeling, unkind, unkindly, unsympathetic, vicious, wanton
beneficent • Beneficent people tend to try to help others in need by donating money and raising awareness of social problems worldwide. • Even as a child, Sonya was known for her beneficent acts: befriending the new kindergartner, giving her lunch to stray dogs, and hugging all of the patients in the nursing home.
beneficent Related words: • benediction • benefactor • benefactress • beneficiary • benefit • benevolent • benign
circumspect • circum – • around; surrounding • circumspect – • adj. careful to consider all possible consequences before judging • n. circumspection adv. circumspectly • Synonyms: alert, cautious, chary, careful, conservative, considerate, gingerly, guarded, heedful, wary • Antonyms: careless, heedless, incautious, unguarded, unmindful, unwary
circumspect • When determining the best course of action, Joe often jumped on the quickest and easiest solution while his brother was more circumspect and thought through his actions, often seeing problems before they occurred. • With a great deal of circum-spection, the youth minister began to see that the teens with wild hair and piercings were not the badly behaved miscreants he thought they were.
circumspect Related words: • circumambulate • circumcise • circumference • circumlocution • circumnavigate • circumscribe • circumsolar • circumstance • circumvent
genocide • cide – • to kill • genocide – • n. killing of a racial, cultural, or political group adj. • genocidal adv. genocidally Rwandan Genocide Refugees
genocide • Darfur, a region in western Sudan, shocked the world with genocidal acts that led to the deaths of up to 400,000 people during the conflict from 2003-2008. • According to Gregory H. Stanton of Genocide Watch, the eight stages of genocide are classification, symbolization, dehumanization, organization, polarization, preparation, extermination, and denial, so we must take steps to address the telltales signs of the “us and them” mentality and verbal dehumanization of groups of people. Everything begins with words. http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html Rwandan Genocide Refugees
matricide • patricide • pesticide • regicide • spermicide • suicide genocide Related words: • fratricide • fungicide • herbicide • homicide • infanticide • insecticide Rwandan Genocide Refugees
incredulous • cred – • belief; believe • incredulous – • adj. disbelieving; skeptical • n. incredulity, incredulousness adv. incredulously • Synonyms: disbelieving, distrustful, doubting, skeptical, mistrustful, negativistic, questioning, suspecting, suspicious, unbelieving • Antonyms: credulous, gullible (also gullible), trustful, trusting, uncritical, unquestioning
incredulous • When he told his mom that they had won the lottery, she was initially incredulous. • In spite of the fact that Susannah carried the trophy for her team, her mother found it incredulous that she had scored the winning goal because it was her first game and Susannah was extremely uncoordinated.
incredulous Related words: • accredit • credence • creed • credentials • credibility • credible • credo • credulous • creed • discredit • incredible • miscreant
extraneous • extra, extro– • outside of; beyond • extraneous – • adj. not pertinent or related to what is being considered • adv. extraneously n. extraneousness • Synonyms: accidental, adventitious, alien, extrinsic, external, foreign • Antonyms: inherent, innate, intrinsic No extraneous distractions in school No extraneous joking around Leave out the extraneous info above.
extraneous • When recording in the studio, technicians insist on turning off cell phones and minimizing extraneous noise. • When composing a timed essay, try to stay focused on the topic at hand and leave out all extraneous information that would draw the reader away from your main points. No extraneous distractions in school No extraneous joking around Leave out the extraneous info above.
extraneous Related words: • extracurricular • extrajudicial • extramarital • extraordinary • extrasensory • extraterrestrial • extravagant • extrovert No extraneous distractions in school No extraneous joking around Leave out the extraneous info above.
interrogate • inter – • between; among • interrogate – • v. to question formally and thoroughly • v. interrogates, -ed, -ing n. interrogation, interogatee, interrogator adj. interrogational • Synonyms: catechize, grill, inquire (of), ask, query, question, quiz • Antonyms: answer, reply, respond
interrogate • As police continued to interrogatethe suspect, they became more and more convinced of his innocence and soon found some of his information helpful in finding the real killer. • Two of the most important tools of interrogation are observation and patience because people often give signs that they are uncomfortable and the questioner must be willing to continue for hours or even days in order to get the necessary information.
interrogate Related words: • intercede • intercept • interdental • interdict • interfere • intergalactic • interim • interject • interlace • interloper • interlude • interrogative • intermediary • intermediate • intermittent • internet • interracial • interrupt • intersect • intersperse • interstate • interval • intervene • interrogatory
magnanimous • magn, magna, magni– • great; large • magnanimous – • adj. showing courageous spirit, especially in forgiving insult or injury • adv. magnanimously n. magnanimousness, magnanimity • Synonyms: big, chivalrous, elevated, gallant, great, greathearted, high, high-minded, lofty, lordly, noble, natural, sublime • Antonyms: base, debased, degenerate, degraded, ignoble, low
magnanimous • After being chewed out for no good reason, Carrie was magnanimous in forgiving her mom’s outburst and even offered to meet her mom for lunch the following day. • Jeffrey’s magnanimity was inspiring when he shook hands with his rude, cowardly opponent and honestly wished her a successful campaign.
magnanimous Related words: • Magna Carta • magna cum laude • magnate • magnificent • magnify • magnitude • magnum opus
Root Review • ambi, amphi – • both; on both sides; around • ante – • before • bell – • war • bene, bon – • good; well • circum – • around; surrounding • cide – • to kill • cred – • belief; believe • extra, extro – • outside of; beyond • inter – • between; among • magn, magna, magni – • great; large