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Latin Vocabulary 5. Roots, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, sentences, and related words. corona. coron , coroll – crown; wreath corona – n. a hazy light that appears to surround the moon or another celestial body pl. n. coronas adj. coronal. corona.

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latin vocabulary 5

Latin Vocabulary 5

Roots, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, sentences, and related words

corona
corona
  • coron, coroll –
  • crown; wreath
  • corona –
  • n. a hazy light that appears to surround the moon or another celestial body
  • pl. n. coronas adj. coronal
corona1
corona
  • When swimming at night, one can see a beautiful rainbow corona around the moon, making it look like a halo surrounding it.
  • During a solar eclipse, when the moon is directly between the sun and the earth, the corona is the only visible part of the sun.
corona2
corona

Related Words:

  • corollary
  • corollate
  • coronary
  • coronation
  • coroner
  • coronet
fidelity
fidelity
  • fid–
  • faith
  • fidelity –
  • n. faithfulness to obligations or duties; the degree to which an electronic device accurately reproduces its effect
  • Synonyms: adhesion, allegiance, attachment, commitment, constancy, dedication, devotedness, devotion, faith, faithfulness, fastness, fealty, loyalty, piety, steadfastness, troth
  • Antonyms: disloyalty, faithlessness, falseness, falsity, inconstancy, infidelity, perfidiousness, perfidy, treachery, unfaithfulness
fidelity1
fidelity
  • Even though Samuel had already completed the course online, he participated in class and behaved himself with great fidelity, inspiring the other students to do their best, as well.
  • In spite of their sad station wagon and lack of funds, DJ Kenny Golden insisted on installing a stereo system with high fidelity to produce the full effect one only finds in a professional studio.
fidelity2
fidelity

Related Words:

  • affidavit
  • bona fide
  • confidant
  • confide
  • diffident
  • fiduciary
  • infidel
  • infidelity
  • perfidy
indoctrinate
indoctrinate
  • doct, doc –
  • teach
  • indoctrinate –
  • v. to fill with a certain set of teaching or instruction; brainwash
  • v. indoctrinates, -ed, -ing n. indoctrination
  • Synonyms: educate, teach, instruct, lesson, school, train, tutor
indoctrinate1
indoctrinate

Indoctrination can be good or bad depending on the teacher who is educating the student.

Before World War II in Germany, Hitler and his government propaganda machine indoctrinated the public to believe that the Jews were less than human.

indoctrinate2
indoctrinate

Related Words:

doctor

doctorate

doctrine

docent

docile

document

documentary

mercenary
mercenary
  • merc –
  • goods; trade; pay
  • mercenary –
  • n. & adj. one who serves or works merely for material gain pl. n. mercenaries
  • Synonyms: acquisitive, avaricious, avid, coveting, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, money-grubbing, rapacious
mercenary1
mercenary

Mercenaries, or hired guns, protected the powerful business owner as he travelled through dangerous countries with cash to pay off local officials.

I love the gorgeous crystal vases and sculptures in Bradio’s Design Shop, but the proprietor is simply mercenary and focused only on the money she’s making rather than the beauty of the pieces her husband acquires.

mercenary2
mercenary

Related Words:

merchant

merchandise

mercantile

market

mark-up

innate
innate
  • nat –
  • born; birth
  • innate –
  • adj. existing in a person since birth, as with an inherent characteristic adv. innately n. innateness
  • Synonyms: built-in, constitutional, constitutive, essential, hardwired, immanent, inborn, inbred, indigenous, ingrain, ingrained (also engrained), inherent, integral, intrinsic, native, natural
  • Antonyms: adventitious, extraneous, extrinsic
innate1
innate

Beavers building dams and houses near streams and creeks is an innate skill attributable to their genetic makeup.

My niece has such a beautiful voice, and it must be an innate ability because she has had no training and sings like a professional at age thirteen.

innate2
innate

Related Words:

native

nativity

neonatal

perinatal

postnatal

prenatal

ignominy
ignominy
  • nom, nomin, nomen –
  • name; noun
  • ignominy –
  • n. loss of one’s good name; great personal shame and dishonor
  • adj. ignominious adv. ignominiously n. ignominiousness
  • Synonyms: discredit, disesteem, dishonor, disrepute, disgrace, infamy, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, reproach, shame
  • Antonyms: esteem, honor, respect
ignominy1
ignominy

As soon as the soccer ball left his foot, James knew his role in this game would be his most ignominious goal since earned the other team a point.

Frequently being forced to wear an ignominious bunny suit, Hank dropped out of Rush week before he ever pledged to a fraternity.

ignominy2
ignominy

Related Words:

binomial

cognomen

denomination

misnomer

monomial

nom de guerre

nom de plume

nomenclature

nominate

onomatopoeia

polynomial

malnutrition
malnutrition
  • nutra –
  • nourish
  • malnutrition –
  • n. condition resulting from inadequate diet or from inability to absorb or metabolize nutrients. Food intake may be insufficient to supply calories or protein or deficient in one or more essential vitamins or minerals
  • adj. malnutritional
malnutrition1
malnutrition

Sadly, malnutrition can stunt a child’s growth and inhibit him developing to his full genetic height simply due to lack of nutritious food.

Meth amphetamines increase the risk of malnutrition because the user does not eat regular meals with healthy ingredients and because the drugs suppress appetite and cause the user to reprioritize to put drug use ahead of food.

malnutrition2
malnutrition

Related Words:

nutrient

nutrition

nutritious

nourish

advocate
advocate
  • voc, vok –
  • to call; to voice
  • advocate –
  • n. & v. to speak or write in favor of something; or one who advocates v. advocates, -ed, -ing n. advocacy, advocator adj. advocatory
  • Synonyms: exponent, apostle, backer, booster, champion, expounder, espouser, friend, herald, promoter, proponent, protagonist, supporter
  • Antonyms: adversary, antagonist, opponent
advocate1
advocate

Often meeting with Bradley’s teachers and administrators, Cheryl was a staunch advocate for her son since he required extra help with test-taking and extended time for reading.

I always advocate for using sunscreen and staying out of the sun since I have see the results of melanoma.

advocate2
advocate

Related Words:

convocation

equivocal

evocative

invocation

irrevocable

provoke

revoke

vocabulary

vocation

vociferous

eradicate
eradicate
  • radic, radix –
  • root
  • eradicate –
  • v. to get rid of completely; exterminate v. eradicates, -ed, -ing n. eradication adj. eradicable , eradicative n. eradicator
  • Synonyms: abolish, black out, blot out, cancel, clean (up), efface, annihilate, erase, expunge, exterminate, extirpate, liquidate, obliterate, root (out), rub out, snuff (out), stamp (out), sweep (away), wipe out
eradicate1
eradicate

By vaccinating at least 95% of sub-Saharan Africa, the Red Cross hopes to eradicate polio so it will never again cause children to suffer.

Soldiers of previous centuries would be aghast to know that we have bombs that have eradicated entire cities like in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

eradicate2
eradicate

Related Words:

radical

radicalism

radicalize

radicand

radish

radix

gregarious
gregarious
  • greg –
  • flock
  • gregarious –
  • adj. tending to live in flocks or groups; sociable n. gregariousness adv. gregariously
  • Synonyms: boon, companionable, extroverted (also extraverted), convivial, outgoing, sociable, social
  • Antonyms: antisocial, introverted, nongregarious, reclusive, unsociable
gregarious1
gregarious

Thinking that we would need to help Tracy feel comfortable among so many new people, our family was surprised when Josh’s new wife was the most gregarious person at the family dinner.

Though the teacher’s gregariousness was perfect for her 7th grade students, she found that seniors thought she was silly.

gregarious2
gregarious

Related Words:

aggregate

congregate

desegregate

egregious

segregate

root review
Root Review
  • radic, radix –
  • root
  • nom, nomin, nomen –
  • name; noun
  • merc –
  • goods; trade; pay
  • fid –
  • faith
  • nutra –
  • nourish
  • greg –
  • flock
  • nat –
  • born; birth
  • coron, coroll –
  • crown; wreath
  • voc, vok –
  • to call; to voice
  • doct, doc –
  • teach
root review1
Root Review
  • vit, viv, vivi –
  • life; breath, mind; soul
  • manu, mani –
  • hand
  • cogn–
  • knowledge
  • verb –
  • word
  • fus–
  • pour
  • ped –
  • foot
  • dorm –
  • sleep
  • pel –
  • to drive
  • e-
  • out
  • ocul –
  • eye
root review2
Root Review

du, duo –

two; second

medi –

middle

scrib, script –

write

vers, vert –

turn

-ject –

to throw

  • cede, ceed, cess –
  • to go; to yield
  • corp/o, corpor, corpus –
  • body
  • –locu, -loqu –
  • to speak, speech, talk, discourse
  • liter –
  • letter
  • duc, duct –
  • to lead
root review3
Root Review

dict –

speech, to speak; proclaim (declare officially); word

mal –

bad; evil; ill; wrong

omni –

all

post –

after; behind

pre –

before; in front of

  • retro –
  • back; backward; behind
  • sub –
  • below; beneath; lower in rank; under; nearly
  • super –
  • above; over; beyond
  • trans –
  • across; through; change; beyond
  • ultra –
  • beyond; excessive
root review4
Root Review

ambi, amphi –

both; on both sides; around

ante –

before

bell –

war

bene, bon –

good; well

circum –

around; surrounding

  • cide –
  • to kill
  • cred –
  • belief; believe
  • extra, extro –
  • outside of; beyond
  • inter –
  • between; among
  • magn, magna, magni –
  • great; large