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Industrial Revolution. History Alive slides. Agricultural Revolution. Enclosure movement Crop rotation Seed drill: 1701 Old World: corn and potatoes More food/Livestock/more fertilizer. Cottage Industry. Merchants plotted stages of production Early prelude to industrialization

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industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

History Alive slides

agricultural revolution
Agricultural Revolution
  • Enclosure movement
  • Crop rotation
  • Seed drill: 1701
  • Old World: corn and potatoes
  • More food/Livestock/more fertilizer
cottage industry
Cottage Industry
  • Merchants plotted stages of production
  • Early prelude to industrialization
  • Model for early capitalism
mercantilism
Mercantilism
  • Export rather than import
  • Import raw materials/export finished products
  • Regulation of trade and commerce
  • Goods tightly regulated to keep prices up
capitalism
Capitalism
  • Great Britain moves toward free trade
  • Private ownership
  • Competition
textile factory system
Textile/factory system
  • Demand for more cloth increased need for efficiency
  • (chart)
  • Factories located near power/water at first
effects of factory system
Effects of Factory System
  • Division of labor
  • Employers controlled all
  • Cotton imports increased
  • Price of yarn decreased
  • End of cottage industry
steam engine
Steam Engine
  • 1790: James Watt
  • River Water power no longer sufficient
  • Water heated by coal
  • Factories could be anywhere
  • Mines freed of flooding potential
iron and coal
Iron and Coal
  • Painting: Kroyer, 1885
  • Need for iron increases: war, agricultural tools, machinery, railroad lines
  • Need for coal increases
  • Note: Britain produced more iron than all other nations together
transportation
Transportation
  • Improvements steam engine
  • Better roads
  • Thomas Telford, John MacAdam
  • Canals
effects of industrial revolution
Effects of Industrial Revolution
  • Poor lost farms/became wage earners
  • Large land owners increased power
  • More food available/fewer peope starved/population increased
  • Living conditions improved