namo tassa bhagawato arahato sammasambuddhassa vedana a path to imbibe buddha s doctrine n.
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NAMO TASSA BHAGAWATO ARAHATO SAMMASAMBUDDHASSA VEDANA A PATH TO IMBIBE BUDDHA’S DOCTRINE. Prof. Sudhakar Arjun Pawar. VEDANA. Vedana is a word in Pali language which means “ the Sensation”. The invention of Vedana” is regarded as One of the Greatest Discovery of The Buddha.

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namo tassa bhagawato arahato sammasambuddhassa vedana a path to imbibe buddha s doctrine
NAMO TASSA BHAGAWATO ARAHATO SAMMASAMBUDDHASSAVEDANA A PATH TO IMBIBE BUDDHA’S DOCTRINE

Prof. Sudhakar Arjun Pawar

vedana
VEDANA
  • Vedana is a word in Pali language which means “ the Sensation”.
  • The invention of Vedana” is regarded as One of the Greatest Discovery of The Buddha.
  • The Vedana is also considered as An Unparalleled gift of The Buddha to the humanity.
1 0 introduction
1.0: INTRODUCTION
  • The Vedana is a feeling that makes the person to generate anger, hatred, passion, fear, etc. These are mental impurities and cause tension, worries, prejudices etc.
  • These are outcome of craving and aversion. In Pali, these are known asSukh-vedana, Dukkh-vedana & Adukkhamsukh-vedana.
  • Using sensation as a tool one can eradicate the mental impurities and get liberation from miseries.
  • Vedana is not bodily pain or discomfort for which we need to see a physician.
2 0 background
2.0: BACKGROUND
  • “antojatabahijata, jatayajatilapaja

Tam tamgotampucchami, koemamvijatayejatamti”

  • “Silepatitthayanaro, sampannochitampanyamchabhavayam

Atapinipakobhikkhu, so emamvijatayejatam ti”1

  • The Buddha’s teaching is pragmatic, logical and scientific.
  • The basic principle are morality(Sila), Control of mind (Samadhi) and wisdom (Panna).
  • Dhammiko& Dhammittho’. The process of learning is known as the Art of Vipassana
  • It is “vedanapaccayatanha.
3 0 what is vedana definition
3.0: WHAT IS VEDANA – DEFINITION
  • The Pali word “Vedana” is derived from the root ‘vid’ meaning to experience
  • Vedana is a sensation that leads to thirst (tanha, in Pali)
  • Vedana is the pivotal phenomenon in

a. the five aggregates (five khandas),

b. one of the twelve chains of the Cause and Effect Theory.

  • Vedana, is the tool for liberation from suffering.
  • We see a very comprehensive definition of Vedana, below, namely,

“Yavedayatitivedana, savedayitalakkhanaanubhavanarasa”2 meaning

a. That which feels the object is vedana.

b. Its characteristics is to experience.

c. Its function is to realize the object

4 0 how is vedana generated
4.0: HOW IS VEDANA GENERATED
  • Contact of sense organs with their respective sense objects generate the sense specific consciousness . Together they generate sensations which in turn causes craving or aversion.
  • The characteristics of vedana are:

a. anicca- impermanence

b. dukkha– suffering

c. anatta– substancelessness.

  • These are understood by experiencing and not on intelectual basis.
5 0 types of vedana
5.0: TYPES OF VEDANA
  • “Tissoimabhikkhave, vedana. Katamatisso? Sukhavedana, dukhavedana, adukkhamasukhavedana. Imakhobhikkhave, tisso“3 meaning there are three types of vedana.
  • Sukhavedana (pleasant sensation) and Dukkhavedana (unpleasant sensation) are felt on body. The physical aspect of sensation is more direct to experience the impermanent nature of sensation, the Buddha gave more importance to bodily sensations
  • Mental sensations were not ignored,.
  • Bahu-vedaniyasutta ( majjimnikaya) explains sensations to be six, eighteen, thirtysix and one hundred eight.
6 0 importance of vedana
6.0: IMPORTANCE OF VEDANA
  • “Sa vedanaparinnaya, ditthe dhamma anasava,

kayassabhedadhamotthosankhamnopetivedagu ti”4

  • “Constant observation of arising and passing away of sensations in body with awareness of mind (mindfulness), wisdom and through understanding of impermanence enables one to eradicate all the defilements and attain liberation (nibban, in Pali)
  • Yam kincidukkhamsambhoti, sabbamvedanapaccayati, vedananamtvevaasesaviraganirodha, natthidukkhassasambhavo ti”5
7 0 other causes of vedana
7.0: OTHER CAUSES OF VEDANA
  • “pittamsemham ca vato ca, sannipatautuni ca, visamamopakkamikam, kammavepakena atthamiti”6 meaning:
  • Physical pain arising from Pittam (bile), increase of Phlegm (semha), excessive Vato (wind) in the body, Imbalance of all above & resultant chemical reaction i.e. Sannipata, Utu ( sudden seasonal changes and its effects), Visamam ( imbalance of mind and body), Opakkamikam (bodily punishment) and Kammavipakenna (result of deeds of previous birth are eight reasons of arising of such other vedana.
  • The siddharth Gautama also followed such tradition & practiced penance for six years before the enlightenment and becoming the Buddha.
8 0 vedana and four noble truths
8.0: VEDANA AND FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
  • Four Noble Truths is one of the unique invention of the Buddha
  • “Yam kincivedayitam, tam pi dukkhasmim”7
  • The Buddha taught that craving or aversion (tanha) is not only dukkha but dukkha-samudaya. i.e. tanha is not merely the origin of suffering but the suffering itself.
  • One must understand suffering, arising of suffering, cessation of suffering and the path that leads to cessation of suffering, using sensations as a tool.
9 0 vedana and paticcasamuppada
9.0: VEDANA AND PATICCASAMUPPADA
  • Paticcasamuppada denotes chain of continuity of Cause & Effect theory.
  • Craving or aversion compells every person to linger in wheel of becoming.
  • The wheel of becoming has twelve links. The First link is avijja (ignorance), the twelve being jara-marana (dekay & death).
  • On attaining enlightenment, the Buddha realized that the crucial link which could be broken was “vedanapaccayatanha”
  • The Buddha taught that instead of “vedanapaccayatanha” it shall be understood to mean as “vedanapaccayapanna”.
10 0 vedana noble eight fold path
10.0: VEDANA & NOBLE EIGHT FOLD PATH
  • The Noble Eight fold path is the way leading to the cessation of sensation”.
  • The Buddha also told that “Ekayanoayammaggo bhikkhave”8
  • “sabbapapassaakaram, kusalassaupasampada, sacittapariyodapanam, etambuddham sasam”9
11 0 relevance and practical aspect of vedana in modern days
11.0: RELEVANCE AND PRACTICAL ASPECT OF VEDANA IN MODERN DAYS
  • The Globalization , Liberaliion, the Technical advancement and the privatization has created stiff competition and urge to keep continuously performing.
  • Heart-attacks, cases of hypertensions, diabetics and other related deceases are reported to be the outcome of increased stress and tensions.
  • The habit pattern of person is to generate craving. & aversion
  • One can reduce or fully overcome these impurities by learning the art of vipassanameditation and practicing it regularly.
12 0 conclusion
12.0: CONCLUSION
  • The personality individual depends on mind (nama) & matter (rupa).
  • The nama consists of consciousness (vinnana), sensation (vedana), perception (sanna) and formation (sankhara).
  • If one develop awareness and understand the three characteristics of sensations i.e. anicca (impermence), dukkha (suffering) and anatta ( no “I”, no ‘Mine”), the craving or aversion will not be generated
  • The discovery of sensation two thousand six hundred years ago is still relevant and valid and applies in modern days.