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Similes and Metaphors. Aim : Students should be able to use their knowledge of similes and metaphors to promote their appreciation and understanding of poetry.

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Similes and Metaphors


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    1. Similes and Metaphors Aim: Students should be able to use their knowledge of similes and metaphors to promote their appreciation and understanding of poetry. Objectives :1. Students will be able to interpret similes and metaphors.2. Students will be able to write similes and metaphors.3. Students will be able to write similes and metaphors that describe a person from your city, TV, or an era in history

    2. Vocabulary: • Figurative language is a tool that an author employs (or uses) to help the reader visualize (or see) what is happening in a story or poem. Some common types of figurative language are: simile, metaphor, alliteration, onomatopoeia, idiom, puns, and sensory language. • A simile is a comparison using like or as. It usually compares two dissimilar objects. For example: His feet were as big as boats. We are comparing the size of feet to boats. • A metaphorstates that one thing is something else. It is a comparison, but it does NOT use like or as to make the comparison. For example: Her hair is silk. The sentence is comparing (or stating) that hair is silk.

    3. Examples for Like: She swims like a fish. He looks like an ogre. She plays like a pro. He walks like a duck. She acts like a fool. Examples for As: He is as tall as a giant. She is as fast as a rocket. He is as graceful as a swan. She is as sneaky as a fox. He is as quiet as a mouse.

    4. Metaphors What is a metaphor? Metaphors state that one object is the same as another, unrelated object. A metaphor state that these two things have some common ground. A good example is "Tom is a bum." Tom is not really a bum, but perhaps what the speaker means is that Tom is lazy or avoids work. The literal interpretation of what the speaker actually said is, "Tom and a bum are both lazy." Examples: Max is a ox. Lucy is a pretty flower. Noah is a strong bull. Means: Max is like a ox. Lucy is like a pretty flower. Noah is as strong as a bull.

    5. Simile Practice: 1.The car was as dirty as a _______________________. 2. My little brother sounds like a _____________________. 3. The rabbit was as soft as _________________________. 4. The water was as cold as ___________________________. 5. The monster’s breath was like _ Find the similarity: 6. That car is as big as a boat! 7. I finished my breakfast as quick as lightning! 8. The bar of soap was as slippery as an eel. 9. The heavy snow covered the yard like a blanket!

    6. Metaphors Practice: This homework is a nightmare! (Explain the statement.) You are such a ______________. (Finish and explain the statement.) Carrie is such a peach! ( Explain the statement.) This day has been a dream. (Explain the statement.) My mother is a/an ___________________. (Finish and explain the statement.) Eric is just a big teddy bear. (Explain the statement.) My handwriting is chicken scratch. (Explain the statement.) My teacher is a/an ______________________. (Finish and explain the statement.) My allergies are driving me up the wall. (Explain the statement.) Carol is on my nerves! (Explain the statement.)