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Maggie Eisner Samar Shefta

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Maggie Eisner Samar Shefta

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  1. Culture and Health Maggie EisnerSamar Shefta

  2. Question 1 • Which country’s culture locates the spirit in a space in the thorax, or kokoro? • China • Japan • Korea • Vietnam

  3. Question 2 • In which culture were a combination of drugs, known as fang, prescribed to combat disease thought to be caused by angered spirits? • Ancient Egyptian • Ancient Chinese • Ancient Greek • Amazonian

  4. Question 3 • Humoural theory was systemised in Ancient Greece and was central to the teachings of Hippocrates. Name the four humours?

  5. Question 4 • In Ancient Greece, many healers only prescribed medicine after invoking the God of Healing. What was his name? • Apollo • Asklepios • Chiron • Hermes

  6. Question 5 • In the year 400AD, which religion’s laws refused to acknowledge a community that lacked a doctor?

  7. Question 6 • Which two cities had the world’s most advanced hospitals during the years 800 – 900? • Baghdad • Cairo • New York • London

  8. Question 7 • According to the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Coptic Christian Churches, St Apollonia was the patron saint of which ailment? • Dysmenorrhoea • Toothache • Migraine • Visual disturbance

  9. Question 8 • The shrine of St Anthony was visited by pilgrims seeking a cure for “St Anthony’s Fire”. What is this condition known as today? • Eczema • Erysipelas • Psoriasis • Pityriasis

  10. Question 9 • The temple of Mira Datar, a Sufi Muslim shrine in India, is believed to help those with what type of illness? • Mental health • Cancer • Respiratory problems • Reproductive problems

  11. Question 10 • How many basic pulses are there in traditional Chinese medicine? • 1 • 2 • 7 • 12

  12. Question 11 • Which medical practitioners interpret the rhythmic pattern of a patient’s pulse as an indication of the balance of the three doshas? • African • Ayurvedic • Homeopathic • Unani Tibb

  13. Question 12 • In modern India, the government supports different medical traditions (which is unusual!). Name two of the traditions supported?

  14. Question 13 • The National Institute of Medical Herbalists was founded in the UK in 1843. How many herbal practitioners does it represent today? • >50 • >100 • >500 • >1000

  15. Question 14 • Which type of traditional medicine does the WHO rank as the most popular in Western Europe today? • Herbal medicine • Acupuncture • Acupressure • Hydrotherapy

  16. Question 15 • In which continent is traditional medicine, such as divination, used by 80% of the population? • Asia • Africa • South America • Australasia

  17. Question 16 • Which physical therapy do many tribes in Africa use as a cure for colds and other common illnesses?

  18. Question 17 • In China, what is liquorice root NOT used for? • Hepatitis • Duodenal ulcer • Sore throat • Muscle spasms

  19. Question 18 • Acupuncture is based upon the theory of energy flow through meridians. How many meridians are there believed to be? • 4 • 7 • 10 • 14

  20. Question 19 • Ginger root is commonly used as a remedy in Asian cultures. Name three symptoms / conditions it is used for?

  21. Question 20 • According to Chinese culture, what is ginseng believed to balance within a person’s being?

  22. Question 21 • What is the name given to the popular martial art used in China as preventative medicine, usually early in the morning?

  23. Question 22 • The leaves or sap of the Akapulko shrub is used in the treatment of which common infection in the Philippines? • Pneumonia • Ringworm • Folliculitis • Gastroenteritis

  24. Question 23 • Which Filipino fruit is often used as a home remedy for hypertension? • Sour plum • Bitter melon • Papaya • Avocado

  25. Question 24 • What practice is common in the Catholic Church to heal a person’s body and soul?

  26. Question 25 • Noni juice, made from the Indian mulberry, can be used to treat all but which of these conditions, according to Hawaiian culture? • Gastric ulcers • Diabetes • Asthma • Hypertension

  27. Question 26 • What is the name given to the systematic form of touch healing that originated in Japan?

  28. Question 27 • Some Middle Eastern cultures have remedies based on the principle of balancing warm and cold. Aab Nabaat is a remedy for upset stomachs, but what is it? • Salt and water • Rock candy and water • Lemon and water • Aspirin and water

  29. Question 28 • Does it take longer to train as a doctor or a herbalist / healer according to Native American culture?

  30. Question 29 • This plant is used in the treatment of altitude sickness and fatigue in South America. It is also commonly used in processed foods around the world. What is it called?

  31. Question 30 • Which creatures are still sold in the animal markets of Istanbul as a cure for snake bites?

  32. Question 31 • In Western culture, apart from cryotherapy and medications, name another treatment for warts?

  33. Question 32 • In Mexican culture, what do they often use to try and eliminate facial acne? • Lemon • Orange • Lime • Grapefruit

  34. Question 33 • Extracts from this plant are commonly used in the treatment of skin conditions and was first discovered in Egypt. What is it called?

  35. Question 34 • According to Persian culture, the juice of which fruit can alleviate the symptoms of migraine? • Peach • Grape • Mango • Watermelon

  36. Question 35 • In traditional Korean culture, honey and salt can be used to cure what? • Constipation • Diarrhoea • Vomiting • Flatulence

  37. Answers - 1 • Japan  Difficulties in removing organs from “brain-dead” donors

  38. Answers - 2 • Ancient Chinese culture

  39. Answers - 3 • Blood • Phlegm • Black bile • Yellow bile

  40. Answers - 4 • Asklepios

  41. Answers – 5 • Jewish culture

  42. Answers - 6 • Baghdad • Cairo

  43. Answers - 7 • Toothache

  44. Answers - 8 • Erysipelas

  45. Answers - 9 • Mental health problems

  46. Answers - 10 • 12 • Six on each wrist • Each linked to different organs

  47. Answers - 11 • Ayurvedic • “The learned physician should read the happiness and misery of the body by feeling the pulse at the root of the thumb, which stands as the witness of the soul”.

  48. Answers - 12 • Biomedicine • Ayurveda • Yoga • Naturopathy • Unani Tibb • Siddha • Homeopathy

  49. Answers - 13 • >500 • Figure actually likely to be more than 700

  50. Answers - 14 • Herbal Medicine