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The Emergence of Developmental Guidance & Counseling PowerPoint Presentation
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The Emergence of Developmental Guidance & Counseling
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  1. The Emergence ofDevelopmental Guidance & Counseling

  2. The Early Theorists • Sigmund Freud • Alfred Adler • Jean Piaget • Robert Havighurst • Arnold Gesell • Lawrence Kohlberg • Erik Erickson

  3. Jean Piaget • Sensorimotor 0-2 years • Preoperational 2-7 years • Concrete Operations 7-12 years • Formal Operations 12 and older

  4. Erik Erickson8 Stages • Trust (birth to 2 years) • Autonomy (2-4 years) • Initiative (4-6 years) • Industry (6-12 years) • Identity (12-18 years) • Intimacy (18-25 years) • Generativity (25-50) • Integrity (50 & older)

  5. Robert HavighurstDevelopmental Stages and Tasks • Infancy & Early Childhood • Middle Childhood • Adolescents • Early Adulthood • Middle Age • Later Maturity

  6. ALFRED ADLER • Rudolph Dreikurs • Don Dinkmeyer

  7. Early Contributors • Carl Rogers • Robert Carkhuff & Charles Truax • Don Dinkmeyer • Verne Faust • Learning & Behavior Theorists

  8. Elementary School Counselors

  9. Some Definitions • Guidance • Counseling • Therapy

  10. FOUR GUIDANCE APPROACHES • Crisis • Remedial • Preventive • Developmental

  11. Some Terms Teaching Tutoring Coaching Training Informing Directing Mentoring DevelopmentalCounseling

  12. Principles of a Developmental Guidance Program • forallstudents • has an organized and planned curriculum • is sequential and flexible • is an integrated part of total educational process

  13. continued ... • involves all school personnel • focuses on helping students learn more effectively & efficiently • includes counselors who provide specialized services and interventions

  14. The Counselor is a... • behavior and relationship specialist....

  15. The Developmental Counseling Puzzle • Personality Development • Self-Concept & Self-Esteem • Interpersonal Skills • Responsible Behavior

  16. Putting the Pieces Together • Learning Styles • Brief & Structured Counseling • Indirect Approaches • Developmental Experiences & Skills

  17. An Integrated Approach • Families • School Personnel • Community • Peers

  18. THE COUNSELORIS ACHANGE AGENT