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Career guidance counseling in a globalized society. Strategies and tools for career counseling. . International career guidance conference, Cape Town, Soth Africa, 19.-21. October 2011 Dr. polit Tron.Inglar@hioa.no. Aims of the presentation.
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International career guidance conference, Cape Town, Soth Africa, 19.-21. October 2011
Social systems have a strong influence. What affects young people's study or career choices, are in order of priority
In sparsely populated areas the fp (focus person) has
Twice as many of them becomes craftsmen as those who live in densely populated areas
Higher education often requires a resident in a city Vilhjámsdóttir (2006)
I ask the fp to tell me about an experience that made him happy, which gave him a good feeling.
In a few minutes I get to know
The main thing is that I establish a good relationship. Since the fp tells about a good experience, he will get in a good mood.
In addition I use passive and active listening.
Me Another person
The fp shifts between the chares:
I, fp, want to ... I, your friend, want ...
And so on, shifting between chares. Then the fp may realize the influence by his friend.
The informants in my study claimed that students in today's high school were different frombefore.
The teachers had, without doubt, to work more with the students' social problems and lack of motivation.
Some of the students lived in a society characterized by multiple risks and they had poor ontological security. A former counselor said:
“… Some say that the adult contact, the conversation once a week, it can be so that they stay afloat. Only they get out a bit without the teachers try to clean up something, we can listen for half an hour. Then they get rid of something and then they “keep it going to the next meeting”, said a student to me. “
Poor ontological security, or existential anxiety
- increased mobility
- more career options
- focus on own interests and preferences, some are uncertain about this all their life
1. Separation of time and space makes it important with knowledge of
2. Disembedding of social institutions. Social relations are "lifted out" of local contexts and are, or should be valid globally. One has to
Trust is influenced continuously by both close and faceless relationships. An early established, good relationship of trust between a child and its environment will influence the child's upbringing and protect it from impacts that can create feelings of chaos and inadequacy
Living involves many risks and we calculate and evaluate the various risk factors associated with our actions.
Beck (1997:63) believes that risks are the central theme in today's global society, and he describes it as a civilizing volcano.
An actor's ontological security is about staying alive (Giddens 1991:39), about his feeling that the everyday events are predictable, that they are continuous and possible to systematize. Failing ontological security will result in existential anxiety.
As we often make use of and allows abstract expert systems to control our daily lives, dependence on and interest in the home, family and community is reduced. But the abstract systems cannot replace the ontological security that previously was rooted in family and community.
Therefore, the responsibility now in the greater extent lies on each individual, who himself must establish and maintain the close relationships of trust, who must handle relations with new networks (Baumann 2001:21; Beck 1997:152-53; Giddens 1991:80-81).
The cgc must:
- The first year they were concerned about and talked about the students and themselves.
- After one to two years the interest circled around close colleagues and school conditions
- Then the pupils' situation in today's society.
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