slovenian experience in guidance supporting parents in career counseling to their children
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Slovenian experience in guidance supporting parents in career counseling to their children. Maruša Goršak Špela Reš. „FAMILY CAREER COMPASS - Efficient Career Guidance Approaches Supporting Parents in Guiding their Children’s Vocational Career”. About Kadis d.o.o. Founded in 1992

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slovenian experience in guidance supporting parents in career counseling to their children

Slovenian experience in guidance supporting parents in career counseling to their children

Maruša Goršak

Špela Reš

„FAMILY CAREER COMPASS - Efficient Career Guidance Approaches Supporting Parents in Guiding their Children’s Vocational Career”

about kadis d o o
About Kadis d.o.o.
  • Founded in 1992
  • Wide range of HRM services
    • Career guidance for various target groups
    • Psychological assessment
    • Trainings
    • Recruitment service
    • Legal counselling
    • International and national projects
  • Wide experience and know-how in HR management and training
  • Cooperation with various professional and counselling institutions and companies
  • Long-standing customer relations
career guidance at kadis
Career guidance at KADIS
    • Job clubs
    • Back to employment
    • New beginning
    • Job interview training
    • Motivational Workshops
    • Information Office
    • Presentations/visitations of professions (schools)
    • Guidance workshops for youngsters (in schools – primary and secondary)
    • Guidance workshops for parents (in schools – mainly primary)
    • Guidance workshops for school and career counsellors
    • Individual career guidance and counselling services
    • Workshops for job seekers (For Active Pokolpje!, The best choice for employment …)
    • Introductory workshops for new entrepreneurs
why is career guidance necessary
Why is career guidance necessary?


(app. 14% 18 to 24 year-old leave school with a lower secondary education or less)

The „lost“ individuals

Dissatisfaction with vocational choice/job position

(only 40% individuals between 21. in 30. years old are satisfied.; psychosomatic problems)

Unemployment (we don‘t have the insight in the labour market situation)

Self exploration trough often job changing

(USA: 64% individuals change job 5x -14x in their lifetime)

the influence of various factors in career decision making
The influence of various factors in career decision making
  • The biggest impact has a reputation of vocation/profession
  • Their own interests
  • Parents (information, their vocational aspirations...)
  • Other “important others” - often neglected influence

72,6% of children discuss their educational and vocational decision with their parents!

I‘m going to „make“ passports like my father when I grow up!

How parents influence their childrenvocation and educational choices?

parents family
Parents/family …
  • Should encourage interests development (11-12 years old) – create a safe environment
  • Should allow children to take responsibility for duties/tasks for which they show interest
  • Have the greatest informal influence –should support, connect and guide your children
  • Can influence children ambitions, acceptations, work attitude
  • Playing of different social roles
  • Influence the development of positive self image
  • Influence the development of networking and decision makingskills


form practice
Form practice…
  • Every primary school conducts at least one lecture for parents in the last two grades. The number of lectures for parents executed by external contractors have decreased, usually due to financial reasons.
  • Parents are not familiarized with different sources of support available.
  • There are different lectures, workshops for parents but usually the content is not related to career guidance.
  • Parents biggest concerns are usually related with:
    • Child‘s indecisiveness and poor interest for any career option / educational program
    • Employability possibilities
    • Vocational – technical schools versus general academical secondary schools
    • Their knowledge and ability to help their children
    • Lack of ITK skills
    • Activities and parents enrolment should be encourage in early stage– not only just before making decisions
legal framework for implementing career guidance in schools
Legal framework for implementing career guidance in schools

Organization and Financing of Education Actstates that school counsellors can only become specialists who have graduated from university studies: psychology, pedagogy and andragogy, social work, social pedagogy and defectology (children and youth with special needs)

National Guidelines for Schools Counselling Servicedefine so called Minimal Standards for Guidance counsellors in Schools.The national programme is largely implemented by school counsellors with the assistance of the Employment Service of Slovenia (ESS), providing guidance services through Centres for Information and Vocational Counselling (VICC).

guidance activities taking place on isced 2 level primary schools
Guidance activities taking place on ISCED 2 level – primary schools

According to Minimal Standards every primary school should:

ensure all pupils have access to the information

execute 2 hours long lecture/workshop per year for pupils in last two grades in primary schools

provide access to at least one individual counseling session for each pupil before they finished primary school

collect data on pupils for the purpose of career guidance

organize at least one lecture for parents of children in last two grades of primary school regarding their role and influence on children’s’ educational and vocational choicesandprovide access to individual counseling for parents where they can discuss child’s career choices.

All schools provide group session to help pupils filling in the application formsfor secondary schools. Beside that schools organize a visit to local Vocational Information and Counseling Centre, which can students later on visit also with their parents.

Parents usually accompany their children on so called Information days organized by secondary school.

guidance activities taking place on isced 3 level secondary schools
Guidance activities taking place on ISCED 3 level – secondary schools

According to Minimal Standards every secondary school should provide:

  • various information activities
  • lessons on career-related issues (such as career development, further education and employment possibilities)
  • work with self-help guidance tools
  • psychological testing
  • individual career counselling
  • visits to employers

Group lectures for parents and individual counselling sessions are determined but the content is not related with career guidance.

training for school counsellors
Training for school counsellors

There are no formal and little informal training programs available in the field of career guidance.

School counselors can choose between different short training programs (8 to 16 hours) that are also related to career guidance (eg. counselling approaches).

From 2004 to 2009 there was only one workshop offered by THE NATIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA but was canceled due to low number of applications.

Institute for Vocational Education and training has designed a training program in 2010 called „New trends in information giving and counselling for youth making their first career choice“ – the program was successful, but didn‘t address parents involvement specifically (source: Polak Wiliams, 2011)

Private providers offer lectures for parents, counsellors and students (KADIS, IZIDA, VIZOR …) – problem is

research es state
Researches state …
  • Time spent for career guidance activities in primary schools(Goršak, 2011):
    • 64% 10%-30%
    • 21,4% 10% or less
  • Participation in training regarding career guidance in last 5 years
    • 1x-3x 42,3%,
    • 4x-6x 29,6%, 1
    • 0x and more 12,7%
  • Familiarization with new trends in the field of career guidance for school counselors:
    • reading literature 65,70 %,
    • experience exchange and peer learning 57,10%)
  • Individual counselling to parents – there are no information about the content (Krek, Vogrinc: 2012)
    • primary school: 31,7% several times per week, 24,4% once a week
    • Secondary schools: 29% several times per week, 19,4% once a week, 19,4% almost every day
lectures for parents content
Lectures for parents - content

Definition of key concepts

What, when, why

Ginzberg‘s career development stages

The complexness of career choices

The influence of various factors in Vocational/Career decisions

The parents‘ influence – what is my role, what can I do?

Career planning with DOTS model

Labor market today – which are perspective professions

How to get familiarized with different professions

Which school to choose

How to communicate with a teenager regarding his career planning

Where to find useful information – who, what can help us

example of good practice web page www mojaizbira si
Example of good practiceweb page:

It started as a project founded by EU commission and Slovenian Ministry of Education in 2008.

Target group: pupils, students, school counselors, parents, participants in adult education.

In the first year it had about 44.000 visitors –and already 127.330 in the last year (2012).

10.000 visitors per month and 2600 likes on FB

Information is gathered form different institutions like Ministry of Education, Slovenian Institute for adult education, Chamber of crafts, Employment service and others.

To popularize the website a series of printed information materials was provided for whole generation (approximately 18,000 pupils per year).

RESULTS: enrollment in vocational schoolsin 2011/2012 hasincreasedthe first time since the school year 2004/2005despite the decline in generations.

web page www mojaizbira si content
web page: - CONTENT
    • Information and presentation of educational programs on secondary level (more than 300 formal and non-formal programs) and schools
    • Presentation of more than 428 occupations (some- 343even with video)
  • PRESENTATION OF SLOVENIAN SYSTEM OF APL (accreditation of prior gained knowledge)
    • National Vocational Qualifications which give individuals an opportunity to assess and validate knowledge and skills obtained through non-formal learning.
    • Where to go? Who to ask?
    • Professional materials for counselors, teachers, researchers
    • Legislative and useful links
    • Dictionary of professional terminology in career guidance and counseling
    • Presentation of different projects in the area of career guidance and VET (Euroskills, MUNUS 2,, e-svetovanje, Mi znamo...)

Questions, suggestions, ideas, comments …