Review Game World War I
Kaiser Wilhelm II • This was the strategy used by the Germans at the beginning of the war to prevent fighting in a conflict with two fronts. It included sweeping west through Belgium and in to France to catch the French off-guard and defeat them quickly. It was unsuccessful.
The Schlieffen Plan • The Unification of Germany and Italy, the Black Hand and “Greater Serbia,” and irredentism in France and Italy are all examples of this major long-term cause of the Great War.
Nationalism • What group of people were systematically massacred by the Ottoman Empire during the First World War?
Armenians • This long-term cause of the Great War is demonstrated by the “scramble for Africa,” the carving of spheres of influence in China and other European colonization across the globe.
Imperialism • This United States President won a second term on the slogan “He kept us out of war” and is considered to be a leading intellectual of the “Progressive Era.”
Woodrow Wilson • What is the term used to describe a war in which nearly all aspects of life are affected for all citizens and the role of government changes to exert greater control over the economy and public perception of the war?
Total war • This campaign was waged by the Allies to try and gain access to the Black Sea and take Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman empire. It involved many troops from Australia and New Zealand and was unsuccessful.
Gallipoli Campaign • This major long-term cause of the war lead to the domino effect after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. The Triple Entente between France, Russia and Great Britain is an example of it.
Alliance System • This is the name used for the US agenda at the Paris Peace Negotiations, written by Woodrow Wilson. Only three of his suggestions would be incorporated in to the Treaty of Versailles.
14 Points • This US statesman and avowed isolationist opposed Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points and was influential in the US’ rejection of the Treaty of Versailles.
Henry Cabot Lodge • The Great War is considered this type of war because over 30 nations declared war, more were indirectly affected, and at least one nation in every continent was involved.
World war • This is the German word for the unification of Germany and Austria that was forbidden by the Versailles Treaty.
Anschluss • The sinking of this British passenger liner in 1914 by the Germans, resulting in 128 American deaths would later be used as a rallying cry to gain support for the US entering WWI.
The lusitania • He was the Czar of Russia at the outbreak of the Great War and a cousin of Kaiser Wilhelm II, but would eventually abdicate and be executed in 1917.
Nicholas II • This type of warfare was not invented during the Great War, but was used on an unprecedented scale. It created areas called “No man’s land” and lead to stalemate on the Western Front.
Trench Warfare • This reaction in Germany to the their defeat, called Dolchstosslegende in German, attributed Germany’s failure to domestic saboteurs instead of a military defeat. It will later become a part of the Nazi platform.
Stab in the Back Legend • This note from the German Foreign Secretary for the President of Mexico suggested that Mexico should declare war against the United States. It was intercepted by the US and is a major cause for the US entering in to the Great War.
Zimmerman Note • This type of conflict is usually caused by trench warfare and stalemate, and involves both sides trying to outlast the other as they run out of soldiers and resources. In other words, each side is trying to be “the last man standing” instead of gaining tactical advantage.
War of Attrition • In this 1916 battle, an example of a “war of attrition,” the German’s attempted to “Bleed France white.” It becomes a symbol of French resistance.
Battle of Verdun • This heir to the Austrian imperial throne and his wife Sofie were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia by a 19-year-old member of the Serbian nationalist group “The Black Hand” in 1914.
Archduke Ferdinand • This man commanded the US forces in World War I. His nickname was “Black Jack.”
General J.J. Pershing • This man assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand on a nationalistic Serbian holiday to demonstrate contempt for Austrian imperial rule of Slavic people in the Balkans.
Gavrilo Princip • This government tactic is the use of patriotic media to sway public opinion, control information and perceptions and gather support for the war. It was used by both sides during the Great War.
Propaganda • This system of government all but collapses in Europe as a result of the Great War. The near end of this system is considered a major political consequence of the war.
Monarchy • This country leaves the war due to revolution and civil war in 1917 when the Bolsheviks take political control.
Russia • This French Prime Minister, nicknamed “Le tigre” or “the tiger,” was the representative to Paris Peace Negotiations that most aggressively pushed his country’s agenda of harsh terms on the German people.
Clemenceau • This consequence of the Treaty of Versailles was a precursor to the present-day United Nations and was Woodrow Wilson’s most important aim in his 14 points. Germany and the United States will not become members of this group.
The League of Nations • This is the idea that a country has “unredeemed territory,” or land that had once belonged to them, and should once again belong to them. For example, France thought of Alsace-Lorraine as unredeemed territory after Germany took it in the Franco-Prussian War. Trieste, Istria and Gorizia were all a part of Italian unredeemed territory.
Irredentism • Who was the proud, militaristic, emotional, and inconsistent Emperor of Germany that was related to many of the monarchs in Europe and offered a “blank cheque” to Austria?