Where are we today?. What percent of oil did the U.S. import in April 2011? 61% How many barrels of oil does that represent? 344,000,000 What percent of the worlds population is the U.S.? 4.5% What percent of the worlds oil does the U.S. consume? 24% Does that math work?.
Where are we today? • What percent of oil did the U.S. import in April 2011? • 61% • How many barrels of oil does that represent? • 344,000,000 • What percent of the worlds population is the U.S.? • 4.5% • What percent of the worlds oil does the U.S. consume? • 24% Does that math work?
What did that cost the US? • How much did we spend on foreign oil in April 2011? • $42,500,000,000 • $1,042,000,000 per day • $43,417,000 per hour • $983,000 per minute • $16,400 per second
Who provides the U.S. with oil? • OPEC: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela 1/3 OPEC! 80% USA Source: EIA data for 2010 http://tonto.eia.doe.gov
35 USA China India Japan 30 25 USA Barrels per/person/year 20 15 Japan 10 India 5 China 0 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Per Capita Oil Consumption Rising standards of living and industrialization are on the verge of dramatically increasing per capita consumption in key emerging economies Source: Raymond James & Associates. Courtesy of Chesapeake Energy
Why Alternative Fuels? - Pop Quiz • Who is the third largest consumer of transportation fuels in the world? • California* • Transportation contributes nearly __% of CA’s GHG emissions* A) 20% B) 30% C) 40% • California’s transportation sector is more than 95 percent dependent on what single, crude, fuel source: • Oil* Will also accept “Petroleum”. • Other Important Facts to Keep in Mind: • The U.S.A. consumes nearly 25% of the world’s petroleum and maintains only 2 percent of the world’s reserves* • OPEC controls over 65 percent of the world’s oil supplies* * Source: State Alternative Fuels Plan Committee Report, October 2007
150+ Year Supply and Growing32 of 50 States Produce Natural Gas Cody Bakken Gammon Antrim Mowry Baxter/Mancos Marcellus Niobrara Mancos New Albany Mulky 85% Supply from U.S. Lewis Fayetteville Pierre Woodford Barnett/Woodford Floyd-Neal Barnett Haynesville 98% Supply is from N. America Eagle Ford/Pearsall Natural gas producing state Non producing state Source: EIA U.S. natural gas deposits are far more widespread and larger than U.S. coal deposits
Cleaner & Greener Why Natural Gas in U.S.? Cheaper American
Natural Gas is Cheaper • Natural gas historically is $.50 to $1.00 cheaper than gasoline or diesel. • In April 2011, price per gallon nationwide averages were: SOURCE: Dept of Energy: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2011
Natural Gas Vehicle/Fuel Incentives • Federal Tax Credit/Rebate • $0.50 per GGE • Expired at end of 2009 • Tax extenders bill still in Congress • Reinstatement questionable, but possible • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Tax Credit • NAT GAS Act & Supporting Legislation • Rebatesup to 80% of incremental NGV cost • Fueling station tax credits • Tax exempt bonds to finance NGV projects • Tax credits to OEMs for producing NGVs • Passing in some form is probable • Tax credit/rebate could be added
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in grams CO2e/MJ) Data from the California Energy Commission and Used by CARB in Developing the Low Carbon Fuels Standard • Heavy duty engines exceeding CARB 2010 NOx and PM standards since 2007 • Pipeline CNG and LNG meet State’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard definition of “low carbon fuel” • Natural gas for transportation offers 23% to 80% GHG emission reductions today
Full Fuel Cycle Analysis: Well to Wheels (WTW) Source: Tiax LLC
22 Shale Basins in 20 States 118 years of Domestic Reserves 35% increase in Reserves inlast 2 years 98% Supplied from the U.S. and Canada Using Natural Gas to Diversify Fleet Fuels Non-Renewable Sources (2,074 TCF) Renewable Sources (1,750 landfills) • Dairy Farm Waste • Landfill Gas • Digester Gas
Global NGV Momentum • Av. growth since 2000 = 27%/yr • Average 4,000 new NGVs on the road per day (past 5 years) • Average 8 new NGV fuelling stations per day (past 2 years) • Vehicle growth on par with projections made in 2006, despite recession in 2009 • 65 million NGVs (approx 9% of current world vehicle fleet size) projected by 2020 Boston - August 2010
Natural Gas Vehicles in U.S. • There are about 112,000 NGVs on U.S. roads today and more than 12 million worldwide. • There are about 1,000 NGV fueling stations in the U.S. – and about half of them are open to the public. • In the United States, about 30 different manufacturers produce 100 models of light, medium and heavy-duty vehicles and engines. • Industry data shows that vehicular natural gas nearly doubled between 2003 and 2009. In 2010, natural gas displaced more than 350 million gasoline gallon equivalents each year.
NGV Options for all Applications Light Duty - - Medium Duty - - Heavy Duty
Fleets using Natural Gas in CA • Yellow Cab San Francisco • AT&T • SuperShuttle • UPS • Republic Services • Santa Cruz Transit • SFO, SJC, OAK, SAC
NGVs vs Electric • Fleet vs Consumer • Application viability • Product Availability • Power source – well to wheels Last year, the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) ranked the natural gas-burning Honda Civic GX as the greenest vehicle of 2010. Well, that CNG-fed Civic, which is only available in a handful of states, has topped the charts yet again.
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Basics • Light, medium, and medium-heavy duty vehicles • Gas delivered by pipeline to fueling station • Same gas that heats homes & used for cooking • Gas is compressed at the station to 3600 psi for dispensing • Dispensed similar to gasoline • Stored in 1 or more cylinders on vehicle
Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Basics • Ideal for heavy duty vehicles • Storage volume is half of CNG • System weight is less than CNG • Pipeline gas cooled to -260F • Produced at LNG plants • Delivered in trailers to fuel stations • Rapid fueling in about 5 minutes
The Clean Energy Solution Integrated fueling services: Turnkey station engineering/ construction, compressors/equipment, service/support, grants/finance with fueling contracts
Clean Energy (CE) • North America’s Largest Provider of Natural Gas for Transportation • Headquartered in Seal Beach, CA • CNG, LNG & BioGas production and services • Over 500 fleets, 20,000 NGVs & 200 stations served • Dallas Clean Energy • Landfill gas recovery and production plant • 35,000 gallons of BioGas gas per day • BAF Technologies www.baftechnologies.com • Ford QVM for light- to medium-duty NGVs • E/F Series vans, buses & trucks, Transit Connect • IMW Compression www.imw.ca • CNG compressors and packaging • Up to 300 horsepower, oil-free compression • NorthStar LNG www.northstarlng.com • LNG stations and maintenance
Fueling Services • With more than 14 years’ experience, Clean Energy offers CNG, LNG and Biomethane under short- or long-term fueling contracts. • CNG (compressed natural gas) fueling from pipeline natural gas or from LCNG supply • LNG (liquefied natural gas) fueling delivered by tanker trailer for vehicle fueling or industrial use; plants in CA and TX, sourced nationwide • RNG (renewable natural gas) derived from organic waste streams that can be delivered by pipeline for compression or liquefaction • Variable- or fixed-rate pricing options
Engineering & Construction • With numerous diverse stations built nationwide, Clean Energy provides best-practice approaches to each station project. • Inhouse engineering • Innovative, experienced CNG station design • Licensed in 26 states • Faster to open: standard designs, inhouse execution, factory-direct equipment sourcing
Compressors & Equipment • IMW Industries — With more than 1,200 units in 24 countries, IMW is a global leader in CNG compressor and equipment design, manufacturing and installation. • “Oil Free” compression technology virtually eliminates fueling system and vehicle maintenance problems • Manufacturing in North America and China • Factory-direct sourcing provides seamless integration for station needs • Custom configuration ensures optimum performance and reliability • Lowest life-cycle costs
LNG Technology & Construction • Northstar — Having installed 70% of the LNG fueling stations in North America, Northstar is the acknowledged leader in LNG/LCNG technology and construction. • Turnkey provider from design and permitting through construction and commissioning • Factory-direct, proprietary equipment sourcing and manufacturing • Low-cost, reliable station operation and maintenance
Service & Support • With more than 200 fueling stations monitored nationwide, Clean Energy Sentinel™ Service provides 24/7 monitoring and response. • From time & materials to all-inclusive, fixed costs • Over 150 factory-trained technicians, not outsourced labor • Remote equipment/station monitoring through two high-tech operations centers • Multi-million-dollar inventory of critical items • Best value, flexible service-level options and terms
Grants & Finance • With more than $250 million secured, Clean Energy obtains valuable public/private financing for stations and fleets. • Grant support at federal, state and local levels nationwide • Funding for infrastructure construction and vehicle financing • Clean Energy Leasing subsidiary provides fleet financing options
Vehicles & Conversions • BAF — With more than 12,000 vehicles on the road, technology leader BAF provides qualified and certified conversions in all states. • Only QVM (Qualified Vehicle Modifier) certified by Ford with full factory warranty • All engine families CARB- or EPA-approved • Chosen by AT&T, Verizon for nationwide CNG van programs • Service and support provided nationwide • Only vehicle modifier conducting full crash tests on conversion vehicle types
Summary and Discussion • Natural Gas is Today’s Solution to: • Fuel diversity • Reducing our GHG emissions • Increasing our energy independence • Sheltering fleets from $ ? per gallon fuel • Discussion • What fuels are you using? • What fleets are perfect for CNG? • What does a station cost? • What type of grants are available? • What Can You Do? • Demand alternative fuels • From policy makers, vendors, service providers