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SUMMARY

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  1. SUMMARY • INTERNSHIP AREA • HEALTH CENTRE AND BED CAPACITY • LABORATORY • SPECIMEN FLOW CHART • ANALYTICAL RUNS • DISCUSSION,RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND DEDICATION

  2. INTERNSHIP AREA • Definition • Objectives • To gain new skills and perfect acquired skills • To see laboratory setup of different institutions and their protocol • To discover new areas and the behavior of the indigenes toward health.

  3. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF THE AREA • Wumcentral subdivision is located in menchum division. • Zoa – Zoa, Furawa- Furawa , Menchum valley –Benakuma, and • Wumcentral -Wum • Menchum division is bounded to; • west and South by Nigeria, East by Mezam division and • North by Boyo division • Seasons: dry and rainy • Natural lakes (Ilum, Wum, Nyos)

  4. HISTORY OF THE INDIGENES The Aghem people migrated from the Munchi state in Nigeria led by NLOM NNAM and settled in Cheregha.The palace was later transferred to Zongokwo. CULTURAL VALUES OF THE AREA • Main occupation and main dish • They have eight days in a week and a country Sunday “Tchunchi”. MARRIAGE INNITIATION CULTURAL BELIEVES • Matrilineal inheritance, witchcraft, crowning a chief, annual dance “dua” 

  5. HEALTH CENTER SETTING HEALTH CENTRE • Started as healthawarenessprogram • Approvedas health centre on 6th july1987 • It has grown to a medicalised health center Staff strength and bedcapacity • Healthcentre has 27works and 68beds

  6. ORGANI GRAM OF THE HEALTH CENTER

  7. DEPARTMENTS OF THE HEALTH CENTR OUT PATIENTS DEPARTMENT(OPD) THE PATIENTS DEPARTMENT • Male medical ward (ST. Michael) • Female medical (ST Raphael) • Children ward (ST. Gabriel) • The general ward (Our Lady) • The maternity (ST. Gerald) and • The surgical ward.

  8. THE STRUCTURE OF THE LABORATORY and STAFF STRENGTH It is divided into four rooms, • The reception/collection room • The second room • The third room • The forth room The laboratory has two members of staff.

  9. LABORATORY ORGNISATION (Reagents, equipment and quality control) ORGANIZATION OF REAGENTSANDEQUIPMENT • Liquid chemicals, powder chemicals, Reagents for chemistry and serology, flammable chemicals and photosensitive reagents. • Two microscopes, a glucometer, a Bunsen burner, differentialcounter, an oven anda chemical analyzer. QUALITY CONTROL • Laboratory records, specimen handling, new batches of reagent, reagents for chemistry and serology, dusting, and the microscope

  10. SPECIMEN FLOW CHARTANALYTICAL RUNS • SEROLOGICAL TESTS • The various serological tests carried out in the laboratory are: Widal, H. pylori, VDRL, SVDRL, Hepatitis B and C, ASLO, CRP, Blood grouping.

  11. Haematological tests They include: WBC count, differential count, blood sugar, Hband MP. Haemoglobin (Hb) Estimation Using The Haematocrit (Hct) Method Parasitology They include; stool analysis, urinalysis,skinscapping, VS,US and skin snip Bacteriology These include; culture and sensitivity Biochemistry They include; SGOT, SGPT, electrolytes,creatinine, urea , BUN

  12. Medical diagnosis of three most prevalent diseases in the Health Centre for the past three yearsTable 1Statistics of the most prevalent diseases 2009

  13. Table2: Statistics of the most prevalent diseases 2010 Table 3:Statistics of the most prevalent diseases 2011

  14. Table 4: Statistic of the three most incident laboratory diagnosis from the 23rd April 2012 to 18th May 2012 DISCUSION

  15. Recommendation • Stool culture • Labellingof WBC tubes • Use of Drabkins • A Rotator • Timer and clock • A distiller • Space for VS and US collection • Conclusion

  16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT • Holy Spirit • Our sincere gratitude goes to the school administration • the Matron of St. Martins de PorresHealth Center • We equally appreciate the laboratory charge • staff of St. Martins de PorresHealth Center • School laboratory staff and our supervisors. • parents and love ones.

  17. DEDICATION We dedicate this piece of work to the almighty God who has been with us throughout this internship period.