Internet Censorship in China By Shipeng Xu
What content is censored? • Social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Youtubeand Flikretc. • Any news sources contains sensitive topics: BBC news, Yahoo news, and CNN news etc. • Any website contains obscenity, pornography, or criminal activity. • Any anti-government website.
Golden Shield Project • Also known as the Great Firewall of China. • Consists of standard firewalls and proxy servers at the Internet gateways. • Censor anything it could.
Green Dam Youth Escort • Required on all domestically sold computers. • Monitor the user’s every move. • Enforcement of the rule indefinitely delayed.
Western Opinion: • Infringe human rights. • Totally not understandable. • Should be changed.
Chinese Opinion: • Not very big deal, can always use VPN or anonymous proxy server to bypass the censor. • Used to it. • Provides stability. • Good for national unification. • Helpless.
Why censor the Internet? • Chinese culture and customs. • Large population. • The fear of western culture. • The fear of overturn of the central government.
Conclusion: • Blocking Chinese People’s full access to the Internet is ethically wrong and not understandable. • The censorship does help national unification. • Hopefully, in the near future, the government could change the policy and give the full access of the Internet back to its own people.
Reference: • James, Randy. “China Internet Censorship.” TIME March 18, 2009. April 24, 2011 <http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1885961,00.html>. • Johnson, Bobbi. “Google's move on Chinese censorship welcomed by human rights activists.” The Guardian January 14, 2010. April 24, 2011 • <http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/jan/14/google-praised-human-rights-activists>. • Bristow, Michael. “China defends Internet censorship.” BBC NEWS June 8, 2010. April 24, 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8727647.stm> • “Internet Censorship in China.” The New York Times March 22, 2010. April 24, 2011. <http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/news/international/countriesandterritories/china/internet_censorship/index.html>.