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Internet in China. 21 February 2005 Xiaoxin Shao . Evolution of Internet in China Backbone Networks Statistical Report Future. Content. 1987~1993. 1986, Chinese Academic Network (CANET) has been launched Sep 1987, CANET sent out China’s first email to Germany at rate of 300bps

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internet in china

Internet in China

21 February 2005

Xiaoxin Shao

content
Evolution of Internet in China

Backbone Networks

Statistical Report

Future

Content

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

1987 1993
1987~1993
  • 1986, Chinese Academic Network (CANET) has been launched
  • Sep 1987, CANET sent out China’s first email to Germany at rate of 300bps
  • 1988, China’s first X.25 packet switch network, CNPAC has been established
  • Oct 1989, National Computing and Networking Facility of China (NCFC) is founded
  • Oct 1990,China registered CN, its country code top-level domain, at SRI-NIC (Stanford Research Institute's Network Information Center)
  • Dec 1993, the backbone network construction of NCFC was accomplished

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

1994 1996
1994~1996
  • Apr 1994, NCFC opened a 64K international dedicated line to Internet for the first time
  • May 1994, China set up its first web server and made the first set of web pages
  • May 1994, China opened its first Bulletin Board System (BBS) in Chinese mainland
  • July 1995, China’s first 128K leased line that connects to the United States was opened by CERNET . 8 cities were connected at the rate of 64Kbps
  • Mar 1996, China submitted its first RFC (RFC1922) about Chinese character coding
  • Nov 1996, CERNET opened its 2M link to US, and also connected with DFN of Germany, which is the first link to Europe

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

1997 2000
1997~2000
  • Jun 1997, China Internet Network Information Center(CNNIC) was founded
  • Oct 1997, China's first national Internet backbone, ChinaNet, realized the connection with other three backbone networks -- CSTNet, CERNET and CHINAGBN
  • Jun 1998, CERNET joined the trial network of next generation 6BONE
  • Sep 2000, DRAGONTAP, the first domestic exchange center of next generation Internet was constructed in Tsinghua University. Three domestic backbone networks were connected to STARTAP in LA and APAN exchange center in Tokyo via 10Mbps links
  • Sep 2000, CERNIC of CERNET firstly provided IPv6 assignment service in China
  • Nov 2000, CNNIC initiated the registration service of Chinese domain names

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

slide6
2001~
  • Aug 2001, CNCERT/CC is established
  • Dec 2001, 10 domestic backbone networks signed the inter-connection agreement
  • Mar 2003, China opened the name space of the second domain under .CN ccTLD
  • Dec 2004, backbone construction of CERNET2 is accomplished

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

content7
Evolution of Internet in China

Backbone Networks

Statistical Report

Future

Content

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

backbone networks
Backbone Networks
  • CSTNet ( 1989 ~ )
  • CERNET ( 1994 ~ )
  • CHINANET ( 1994 ~ )
  • CHINAGBN ( 1995 ~ )

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

topology of cernet
Topology of CERNET

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

content10
Evolution of Internet in China

Backbone Networks

Statistical Report

Future

Content

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

statistical report
Statistical Report
  • The statistics is done by CNNIC (China Internet Network Information Center)
  • From Oct 1997 to Dec 2004
  • One report every half year, in all 15 reports
  • http://www.cnnic.net.cn/en/index/index.htm

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

user number host number
User number / Host number

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

bandwidth of international exports
Bandwidth of International Exports

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

the number of ipv4 addresses
The number of IPv4 addresses

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

content15
Evolution of Internet in China

Backbone Networks

Statistical Report

Future

Content

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

cernet2 topology
CERNET2 Topology

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

slide17
Thank you !

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

bandwidth of international exports18
Bandwidth of International Exports
  • Connecting to USA, Canada, Russia, Australia, France, UK, Japan, Korea, etc.
  • In all 74429M, distributed by certain ISPs

-CSTNET: 5275M

-CHINANET: 46268M

-CERNET: 1022M

-UNINET: 1645M

-CHINA169NET: 19087M

-CIETNET: 2M

-CMNET: 1130M

-CGWNET and CSNET: in building now

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved

domain distribution
Domain Distribution

1994-2004 Asia Pacific Networking Group All Copy Right Reserved