Second temple stage 3 the hashmonaem dynasty in judea
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Second temple Stage 3 The hashmonaem dynasty in judea. 134 BCE-63 BCE. Mattathias. Hasmonean Dynasty. Yohanan ] (d.159). Simon (142-134 ). Judah (d.168). Jonathan (152-142). Eleazar (d.163). John Hyrcanus I (134-104). Judah Aristobulus. Salome Alexandra.

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Second temple stage 3 the hashmonaem dynasty in judea

Second templeStage 3The hashmonaem dynasty in judea

134 BCE-63 BCE


Hasmonean dynasty

Mattathias

Hasmonean Dynasty

Yohanan]

(d.159)

Simon

(142-134)

Judah

(d.168)

Jonathan

(152-142)

Eleazar

(d.163)

John Hyrcanus I

(134-104)

Judah Aristobulus

Salome Alexandra

Alexander Jannaeus

Hyracannus II

Aristobulus

Alexandra

AntigonusMattathias

Alexander

HEROD

37-5 B.C.E.

Aristobulus III

Mariame


John hyrcanus 134 104 b c e
John Hyrcanus134-104 B.C.E.

Pharisees

Sadduces


Judah aristobolus 104 103 bce
Judah aristobolus 104-103 bce

KILLED HIS MOM

-IMPRISONED HIS BROTHERS

FIRST TO BE TITLED

KING!


Alexander jannaeus 103 76
Alexander Jannaeus 103-76

DISRESPECTED THE LAW ON SUCCOT IN BH

AFTER BEING PELTED WITH ETROGIM HE KILLED 6000 JEWS

CRUCIFIED 800 PHARISEES AFTER THEIR REVOLT WITH SYRIAS HELP

EXPANDED JUDEAN BORDERS


Salome alexandra 76 67bce
SALOME ALEXANDRA 76-67bce

- SHLOM TZION HAMALCA-THE QUEEn WHO BROUGHT PEACE AND JUSTICE

-reinstated shimonbenshetah as abbeit din of sanhedrin

-SHARED HER REIGN WITH THE SANHEDRIN



Hyrcanus ii aristobulus ii the end of jewish independence
HYRCANUS II & ARISTOBULUS IITHE END OF JEWISH INDEPENDENCE

  • HYRCANUS-THE ELDER SON,EASYGOING,KOHEN GADOL,CLOSE TO THE PHARISEES

  • Aristobulus-ambitious,jealous,hot tempered ,supported the saduccees,

  • THEY DISTRUST EACH OTHER AS LEADERS

  • 63 BCE BOTH ASKED POMPEY [ROME]TO INTERVENE-UH OH!!

  • ARISTOBULUD BITES OFF HIS BROTHERS EAR SO

  • HE CAN NO LONGER BE KOHEN GADOL

  • CIVIL WAR BETWEEN BROTHERS AND RIVAL

  • POWERS-ROME AND PARTHIA

  • HYRCANUS HAS ROMAN SUPPORT

  • ARISTOBULUS HAS PARTHIAN SUPPORT

Blemish



47 bce julius ceasar in judea
47 BCEJULIUS CEASAR IN JUDEA




Herodium or Herodion is truncated cone-shaped hill, located 12 kilometres south of Jerusalem, near the city of Bethlehem in the West Bank. Herod the Great built a fortress and palace on the top of Herodium, and may have been buried there. Wikipedia


Maarat hamachpela
Maarathamachpela


Ceasaria
Ceasaria

  • Caesarea is located on the Mediterranean coast, about midway between Haifa and Tel Aviv. Founded by King Herod in the first century BCE on the site of a Phoenician and Greek trade post known as Straton’s Tower, Caesarea was named for Herod’s Roman patron, Augustus Caesar. This city was described in detail by the Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. (Antiquities XV. 331 ff; War I, 408 ff) It was a walled city, with the largest harbor on the eastern Mediterranean coast, named Sebastos, the Greek name of the emperor Augustus.


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