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Second Stage Radical revolution. Disillusionment of the lower class (inflation) Girondists (moderates) had no strong leader France drawn into war with Europe Failure in wars (1 st coalition, 1792-1797) Moderates removed as leaders of National Assembly Counter-revolutions

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second stage radical revolution
Second StageRadical revolution
  • Disillusionment of the lower class (inflation)
  • Girondists (moderates) had no strong leader
  • France drawn into war with Europe
  • Failure in wars (1st coalition, 1792-1797)
    • Moderates removed as leaders of National Assembly
    • Counter-revolutions
    • King and queen arrested
  • Jacobins take control
second stage reign of terror 1793 1794
Second StageReign of Terror (1793-1794)
  • Committee for Public Safety
  • France losing war with others in Europe
  • Reforms
    • Metric system
    • New calendar
    • Universal suffrage
    • Slavery eliminated
    • Paris commune
    • Land redistribution
    • Defaced churches
  • Guillotine
    • 20,000 die
    • King and queen die
third stage return of the moderates 1794 1799
Third Stage—Return of the moderates (1794-1799)
  • Thermidorian reaction
  • Counter-revolution
    • "Whiff of grapeshot"(1795)
  • Death of Marat, Danton, Robespierre
    • Moderates gained control of National Convention
  • Return of expatriate noblemen allowed (money)
  • National Assembly re-elected
  • Adoption of new constitution
    • Rule by the Directory
third stage return of the moderates
Third Stage—Return of the moderates
  • The Directory governed
  • Some military successes (Napoleon)
  • Directory criticized for poor leadership
  • Directory desperate for a popular leader
    • 2nd Coalition (1799-1801) formed
    • Napoleon invited to be consul