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Welsh National School of Medicine. University of Wales College of Medicine. Cardiff University. Medicine –Selection Process. Professor Aled Phillips Admissions Sub-Dean. Your selection:. The course The facilities The location Support for students Entry requirements.

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Cardiff university

Welsh National School of Medicine

University of Wales College of Medicine

Cardiff University

Medicine –Selection Process

Professor Aled Phillips

Admissions Sub-Dean

Your selection
Your selection:

  • The course

  • The facilities

  • The location

  • Support for students

  • Entry requirements

Cardiff university

Which Medical School ?

30 undergraduate medical schools

1 - Wales

5 - Scotland

1 - N. Ireland

23 - England (including 5 in London)

2 postgraduate medical schools

Swansea and Warwick

Are all courses the same yes and no
Are all courses the same ? Yes and No!!

Yes -General Medical Council

  • Knowledge

  • Skills

  • Attitudes

  • Behaviour

Are all courses the same no course structure
Are all courses the same?No - Course structure

Course Structures:

Traditional - preclinical & clinical

Integrated/system based – multidisciplinary

Methods of teaching:

PBL - problem-based learning

Lectures, practicals, tutorials


Cardiff university

C21: what are the principles?


  • Evidence based

  • Early clinical experience

  • Small group learning

  • Case based learning – facilitated small group learning based on clinical scenarios

  • Reliable and fair assessments

The traditional divide
The traditional divide


Year 5

Clinical science

Year 4

Year 3

Year 2

Basic science

Year 1


Slide Courtesy Prof Paul Bradley

Vertical integration
Vertical integration

Life long learners

Year 5

Clinical science

Year 4

Research capable

Year 3

Clinical Practice

Scientifically informed

Evidence based

Research minded

Year 2

Basic science

Year 1

Selection and admission

Slide Courtesy Prof Paul Bradley

Cardiff university

C21: Changing the MBBCh course





Case based learning
Case based learning

  • The case is the key to the learning

  • Clinical scenario introduces the subject area

  • Support for students

    • Seminars

    • Practical experiences

    • Patient encounters

    • Clinical skills

Cardiff university

C21: Phase 1 learning


Life sciences



Structured small group session:

‘case scenarios’



Self directed learning


Clinical skills

Learning outcomes

Ischaemic heart disease
Ischaemic Heart Disease

  • Spiral Curriculum : Ischaemic Heart Disease

  • Year 5 – Clinical Assistantships/Primary Care

  • Direct patient management

  • Year 4 – Chronic Disease Management

  • Implications for patient and service delivery

  • Year 3 – Hospital Front Door

  • Different patient presentations

  • Treatment options

  • Year 2 – Older person 2

  • Pathophysiology and Co-morbidity

  • Year 1 – PCS and Dedicated Case

  • Introduction to Basic and Clinical science

Year 5

Year 4

Year 3

Year 2

Year 1

Cardiff university

C21: Harmonisation what does it mean for you?

  • Work-place based education around Wales

  • Predominantly clinical experience enhanced with supplementary simulation

  • Increasing responsibility in an assistantship model

Cardiff university

Heath Park Campus

  • Shared site

  • University Hospital of Wales

  • Children’s Hospital for Wales

  • New Teaching Accommodation opened 2008

  • IV Lounge for Students completed 2009 (social club)

  • Very Very New Cochrane Building

Cardiff university

Heath Park Campus

  • Research:

  • Institute of Medical Genetics

  • Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics

  • Wales Heart Research Institute

  • Henry Wellcome Centre for Biomedical Research

  • Cancer Research UK Centre

  • Arthritis Research Campaign Biomechanics & Bioengineering Centre

Cardiff university

Other major hospitals in Cardiff:

University Hospital Llandough



Other hospitals in South East Wales:

Royal Gwent – Newport

Royal Glamorgan – Llantrisant

Princess of Wales – Bridgend

Prince Charles – Merthyr Tydfil

Cardiff university




University Hospital

Cardiff university

Location: Cardiff

  • Capital of Wales

  • Population 350,000

  • Close to sea and mountains

  • Multicultural community

  • Good transport links

  • Safe, friendly, affordable

Cardiff university


  • Major developments:

  • Millennium Stadium, Millennium Centre

  • International Arena, International Sports Village

  • New Shopping Centre

  • Within a 1 mile radius:

  • City Centre – shops, entertainment, etc

  • Main University campus, University Hospital site

  • Most student accommodation

Cardiff university

Cardiff University

  • 26,000 students, 6000 staff

  • Multidisciplinary

  • Member of the Russell Group

  • 125 years old

  • Main Campus - base for initial stages

  • Heath Park Campus – clinical training

Cardiff university


  • Guaranteed single occupancy room for everyone who accepts our offer of a place

  • 5300 study bedrooms

  • Catered or self catered

  • 70% En suite

  • Internet connection

Personal support pastoral care
Personal Support / Pastoral Care

  • Student Support services

    • Study Skills

    • Counselling

    • Disability / Dyslexia Support Unit

    • Financial Advice

      • Hardship and Access funds

    • Careers Service

    • Accommodation

    • Health Service

  • Student Union

    • Welfare and legal advice

Personal support pastoral care1
Personal Support / Pastoral Care

  • Personal Tutors

  • Pastoral Care on Placement

  • Buddy Schemes

  • Year Co-ordinators

  • Deanery

  • FY1 Liaison

Cardiff s selection policy
Cardiff’s Selection Policy

  • Open

  • Equitable

  • Non-discriminatory

  • Reliable, valid and relevant

  • Defined criteria

  • Consistent with legislation

  • Approved by Board of Medical Studies

Cardiff university

What is Medicine?

“The art or science of prevention and cure of disease”

Cardiff university

What Sorts of Medicine are there?

  • Primary Care (General Practice)

  • Secondary Care

    • Accident & Emergency

    • Anaesthetics & Intensive Care

    • Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology

    • Medicine

    • Mental Illness

    • Obstetrics & Gynaecology

    • Paediatrics

    • Pathology

    • Radiology

    • Rehabilitation

    • Surgery

Cardiff university

What Sorts of Medicine are there?

  • Medicine

    • General Medicine

    • Cardiology

    • Dermatology

    • Endocrinology

    • Gastroenterology

    • Genitourinary Medicine

    • Geriatric Medicine

    • Infectious Diseases

    • Medical Genetics

    • Nephrology

    • Neurology

    • Nuclear Medicine

    • Oncology

    • Palliative Medicine

    • Rheumatology

    • Thoracic Medicine

Cardiff university

What Sorts of Medicine are there?

  • Primary Care

  • Secondary Care

  • Community Medicine

  • Academic Medicine

  • Private Practice

  • Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Armed Forces

  • Aviation Medicine

  • Travel Industry

  • Aid Organisations

  • Legal Medicine

  • Overseas

Routes into medicine in cardiff

Routes into Medicine in Cardiff

Applying with your GCSE

Two courses A100 and A104 to accommodate all subject choices

Applying with your A levels

So its not all about your GCSEs!!

Applying with a Degree

There is hope even after A level!!

“Feeder Courses”

Selection process for all routes
Selection Process for ALL Routes:

Three scored stages:

- academic

- non-academic

- interview

Documented extenuating circumstances are taken into account if presented at the time of application

Non academic criteria
Non-Academic Criteria

Personal Statement

  • Insight into the Medical career

  • A caring attitude towards people and social awareness

  • Team-working and a willingness to accept responsibility

  • Study skills- evidence of self directed learning

  • Evidence of balanced approach to life

    [Referee’s comments]

    Scored by trained selectors

Work experience why
Work Experience: Why?

  • To show that the applicant understands medicine as a career

  • To enable the applicant to demonstrate that they have had people focused experience of providing care to other people and that they understand the realities of working in a caring profession.

  • To enable the applicant to demonstrate some of the attitudes and behaviours essential to being a doctor such as conscientiousness, good communication skills or the ability to interact with a wide variety of people.

Work experience bottom line
Work Experience – bottom line

  • Remember: it is what you learnt not what you did that counts!!

    • Personal statement and Interview

Cardiff university


  • 20 minute informal discussion based on UCAS Personal Statement

  • Two/Three trained interviewers on the panel (including a clinician and a 4th yr medical student)

  • English or bilingual

Non academic criteria1
Non-Academic Criteria


  • Communication skills

  • Insight into the Medical career – reflection on what makes a good doctor

  • Understanding demands of studying medicine

  • A caring attitude towards people and social/medical awareness

  • Team-working and a willingness to accept responsibility

  • Evidence of balanced approach to life

Cardiff university

Typical Offer (5-year course)

A level grades AAA

  • including 2 sciences from Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics or Statistics;

  • Chemistry or Biology at grade A must be one

  • Only one Maths subject counted

  • Non-science welcomed as third ‘A’ level

  • General studies and Critical Thinking not counted

    Plus AS level grade C

  • Chemistry or Biology required at ‘AS’ level with a A grade if not offered at ‘A’ Level

  • Key Skills level 3 in 3 subjects accepted instead of an ‘AS’ level

Cardiff university

Typical Offer (6-year foundation course)

A level grades AAA

  • Only one from Chemistry, Biology, Physics

  • Only one Maths subject counted

  • General studies and Critical Thinking not counted

    Plus AS level grade C

Cardiff university

  • Welsh Baccalaureate

  • European Baccalaureate

  • International Baccalaureate

    (36 points – no theory of knowledge/extended essay)

  • BTEC National & Higher National

    National Diploma in Science @ Distinction (DDD) – A104

    Higher National Diploma @ Distinction (DDD) – A100

  • Scottish Highers

    AAAAB highers – A104 +AA Advanced highers –A100

  • Irish Qualifications (A104)

    AAAABB at higher level

  • Other International Qualifications

Academic requirements applying with gcses a100 a104
Academic Requirements: Applying with GCSEs (A100/A104)

GCSE(or Equivalent)- Minimum Reqs

Science/Additional Science AA

3 Separate Sciences AAB

Mathematics B

English/Welsh Language B

Breadth - best 9 (to include the above) scored

- short courses not included

- but not AS levels

Validated Results, not predictions

In practice – 5/6A* (score 24/25) - but don’t give up!!!!

Applying post a levels
Applying Post A Levels

AAA-c (or a if Chem/Biol)

Post A-level - academic score will now take account of

the A level results - so you can make up GCSE score

e.g. GCSE 20 (2A*/7A) + AAA = 25

Think about a Gap year - but use it wisely!

ABB – Graduate entry through Linked Courses/Feeder Courses or into the five year course

Will need GAMSAT

Graduate entry linked courses could apply to these courses directly with cgse
Graduate entry- Linked Courses (Could apply to these courses directly with CGSE)

  • ABB at A2

  • Cardiff University

    • BSc Medical Pharmacology

    • BSc Biosciences

  • Universities of Glamorgan and Bangor

    • BSc Medical Sciences (Priority for “widening access)

  • Up to 10 students will be considered for entry into year 2 of A100 course

  • Declare an interest in Year 2

  • Exactly the same standards as other Graduates (Personal statement, UKCAT, reference, interview)

  • For 2014/15 entry will need GAMSAT

Academic requirements contextualisation

Academic Requirements: Contextualisation

Cardiff School of Medicine is committed to widening access and welcomes applications from students of all backgrounds

For Entry 2012, the School piloted the University’s use of contextual data

The academic and non-academic attainment of a candidate reviewed against socioeconomic background (and school performance data)

The School considers this information in deciding whether or not to call a candidate for interview

It will not use this information to make lower or differential offers

Cardiff university

Plus – Fitness to Practice (GMC)

  • Enhanced Criminal Record Check

    • Spent and unspent convictions, cautions, admonishments, reprimands, warnings, bind over orders, fixed penalty notices, ASBOs etc

  • Health Check

Uk clinical aptitude test
UK Clinical Aptitude Test

  • Tests Cognitive Skills:

    • Verbal reasoning

    • Quantitative reasoning

    • Abstract reasoning

    • Decision analysis

    • Non-Cognitive analysis

  • Not science paper, not curriculum based

  • Two free practice papers on website

    • Use them with time restrictions

  • MUST take the test in the Summer BEFORE applying