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Minimal requirements for digital heritage services - The Dutch approach. Marco de Niet Digital Heritage Ne therlands. Digitales Kulturerbe – Gemeinsam Vernetzen Berlin, 28 April 2008. ‘Gemeinsam vernetzen’. Why share data and knowledge?
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Marco de Niet
Digital Heritage Netherlands
Digitales Kulturerbe – Gemeinsam Vernetzen
Berlin, 28 April 2008
Digital services are mostly created to raise the profile of specific collections of the heritage institutions.
Use of ICT is mostly determined in separate services, not by an overall institutional policy.
Most smaller institutions lack the means to use ICT on a professional level.
Knowledge about ICT-standardsis scattered.
Implementation of standards is mostly determined by convenience for the institutions, not by public interest.
Result: too many isolated information services, with an uncertain lifespan.
The government would also like to strengthen the national profile of cultural heritage on the internet: the Digital Collection Netherlands.
Exploitation / re-use
Concepts vs. objects
Local target groups
IT-backoffice / Retrieval
Multimedia / AV
To support the emergence of a Digital Collection Netherlands,
a national infrastructuur is needed:
The infrastructure is based on the best practices of several frontrunners among the heritage institutions (e.g. the national library, the national archives, the Rijksmuseum, Sound and Vision, ICN, RACM, a.o.)
Smaller organisations are expected (but not forced!) to comply to these ‘building blocks’ and the quality control that results from their efforts.
Digital Heritage Netherlands is the national knowledge platform for ICT and cultural heritage.
Commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Cultural Affairs and Science, DEN promotes the use of standards for digital services and (mass) digitisation.
This way, DEN supports the cultural heritage institutions to build towards a national Digital Heritage Collection, in a professional, future-proof, and public-oriented manner.
Three main actions:
“The nice thing about standards is
that you have so manyto choose from.
Furthermore, if you do not like any ofthem,
you can just wait for next year’s model.”
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
professor Computer Science, VU
Standardisation is not a process that can be
forced by the government entirely.
It can only last if the institutions support the
decisions on standardisation and make them
+ Approval -
- Use +
Selecting instruments that improve the quality of ICT in institutions:
Documenting the standards
Linking to relevant other sources
Setting the norm
B - PLAN
C - DO
A - ACT
D - CHECK
Self regulation can only lead to results when institutions
invest in knowledge and participate actively, based on policy.
A sound ICT-policy strengthens the position
of an institution in the debate on how to achieve a national,
a European or a world digital collection.
DEN supports this process by advising on ICT-policy,
but also by stimulating agreement on minimum standards.
DEN, 13 march 2008
Agree on a set of standards
These basic standards will be important building blocks for
the national infrastructure for digital heritage.
2007: The user perspective comes first!
Focus on findability (‘Findbarkeit’) of digital heritage
through access and interoperability.
A national set of 7 standards for findability:
Process of self regulation
(based on the Request for Comments (RFC) procedure 2026)
Basic requirements for the creation of digital data
Basic requirements for digital preservation
More information at: