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OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Updated- What You Need to Know to be in Compliance. Presented By: Heather Stiner, SSPC. Introduction.

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osha hazard communication standard updated what you need to know to be in compliance

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Updated- What You Need to Know to be in Compliance

Presented By: Heather Stiner, SSPC

introduction
Introduction

This webinar will explain the importance of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard: 1910.1200, explaining how it differs from the past version, how to conform to the current version, and how the current standard improves quality and consistency of hazard information in the workplace, making it safer for workers and helping reduce trade barriers, resulting in productivity improvements for American businesses that regularly handle, store, and use hazardous chemicals

osha hazard communication standard 1910 1200
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard: 1910.1200

Ensures that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified, and that information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employers and employees.

osha hazard communication standard 1910 12001
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard: 1910.1200

On May 25,2012 the standard was updated to align with the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals

global harmonized system
Global Harmonized System

Providing agreed criteria for classification of chemical hazards, and a standardized approach for labeling containers and creating safety data sheets

Based on major existing systems from around the world, including OSHA’s Hazardous Communication Standard

global harmonized system1
Global Harmonized System
  • Provides harmonized classification hazard criteria for:
    • Health
    • Physical
    • Environmental
global harmonized system2
Global Harmonized System
  • Standardized labeling of containers, providing appropriate:
    • Signal Words
    • Pictograms
    • Hazard and Precautionary Statements
global harmonized system3
Global Harmonized System

Standardized safety data sheets, specifying a format for presentation or order of information

benefits of osha making modification
Benefits of OSHA Making Modification
  • OSHA has modified the Hazard Communication Standard to adopt the Global Harmonized System to:
    • Improve safety and health of workers
      • Standardized Labels
        • Ensures appropriate handling and safe use
      • Standardized Safety Data Sheets
        • Enables employers, workers, health professionals and emergency responders to access the information more efficiently and effectively
benefits of osha making modification1
Benefits of OSHA Making Modification
  • Adoption of GHS improved information received from other countries
    • Benefit since US is both a major importer and exporter
when do i need to comply
When do I need to Comply?

Note: During transition period you may comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 final standard or the current standard

importance of training
Importance of Training
  • OSHA is requiring training on labeling requirements and safety data sheet formats by December 2013
    • If receive label and safety data sheet consistent with the Global Harmonized System employees:
      • Have familiarity of them
      • Understand how to use them
      • Can access the information effectively
hazard classification changes
Hazard Classification Changes
  • OLD WAY
    • Hazard determination provisions have definitions of hazard and evaluator determines whether or not the data on a chemical meet those definitions
    • Performance-oriented approach
      • Provides parameters for evaluation
      • Not specific detailed criteria
hazard classification changes1
Hazard Classification Changes
  • NEW WAY
    • Has specific criteria for each health and physical hazard, along with detailed instructions for hazard evaluation and determinations as to whether mixtures or substances are covered
    • Establishes hazard classes and categories
      • Reflects the relative severity of the effect
label changes
Label Changes
  • Labels will be required to have:
    • Pictograms
    • Signal Words
    • Hazard Statement
    • Precautionary Statement
pictogram
Pictogram
  • Consists of a different symbol on a white background within a red square diamond frame
  • 8 different types
    • Health Hazard
    • Flame
    • Exclamation Mark
    • Gas Cylinder
    • Corrosion
    • Exploding Bomb
    • Flame Over Circle
    • Skull and Crossbones
signal words
Signal Words
  • Used to indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alert potential hazard on label
    • Danger
      • More severe
    • Warning
      • Less severe
hazard statement
Hazard Statement

Assigned to a hazard class and category that describes the nature and degree of hazard

Associated with the Hazard Pictogram

hazard statement1
Hazard Statement
  • Health Hazard
    • Carcinogen, mutagenicity, reproductive toxicity, respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity, aspiration toxicity
  • Flame
    • Flammables, pyrophorics, self-heating, emits flammable gas, self-reactives, organic peroxides
hazard statement2
Hazard Statement
  • Exclamation Mark
    • Irritant, skin sensitizer, acute toxicity, narcotic effects, respiratory tract irritant, hazardous to ozone layer
  • Gas Cylinder
    • Gases under pressure
hazard statement3
Hazard Statement
  • Corrosion
    • Skin corrosion/burns, eye damage, corrosive to metals
  • Exploding Bomb
    • Explosives, self-reactives, organic peroxides
hazard statement4
Hazard Statement
  • Flame Over Circle
    • Oxidizers
  • Skull and Crossbones
    • Acute toxicity
precautionary statement
Precautionary Statement

A phrase that describes recommended measures to be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure

updating labels
Updating Labels

Any significant changes regarding the hazards of a chemical shall be updated within 6 months of becoming aware of the new information

safety data sheets sdss
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Revised Hazard Communication Standard requires the following 16-section chronological format:
    • Section 1: Identification
    • Section 2: Hazards Identification
    • Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients
    • Section 4: First-Aid Measures
    • Section 5: Fire-Fighting Measures
safety data sheets sdss1
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity

Section 11: Toxicological Information

safety data sheets sds
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Section 12: Ecological Information

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Section 14: Transport Information

Section 15: Regulatory Information

Section 16: Other Information, Including Date of Preparation or Last Revision

safety data sheets sdss2
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Required Exposure Limit Data
    • Threshold Limit Values (TLVs)
    • PELs
    • Other Exposure Limits
safety data sheets sdss3
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Carcinogen Classification
    • Classification listings of IARC and NTP
    • Makes classification easier and more consistent
addition of hazardous chemicals
Addition of Hazardous Chemicals
  • In the revised Hazard Communication Standard, OSHA has added:
    • Pyrophoric Gases
    • Simple Asphyxiants
    • Combustible Dust
pyrophoric gases
Pyrophoric Gases
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
    • Signal Work “Danger”
    • Hazard Statement “Catches Fire Spontaneously if Exposed to Air”
simple asphyxiants
Simple Asphyxiants
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
    • Signal Word “Warning”
    • Hazard Statement “May Displace Oxygen and Cause Rapid Suffocation”
combustible dust
Combustible Dust
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
    • Signal Word “Warning”
    • Hazard Statement “May From Combustible Dust Concentrations in the Air”
who will be affected and what are the costs
Who Will be Affected and What Are the Costs?
  • Estimated that over 5 million workplaces in the United States will be affected
  • Sum of 4 major cost elements:
    • Classifying chemical hazards in accordance with revised criteria
    • Training of employees to become familiar with new warning symbols and revised SDS format
    • Yearly required management for adoption
    • Printing packing and labels for hazardous chemicals
updates to global harmonized standard
Updates to Global Harmonized Standard
  • Living Document
  • Must remain up-to-date and relevant
    • Standard reviewed every two years
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