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Hazard Communication Right-to-Know. INSERT GROUP AND DATE INFORMATION SAMPLE PROGRAM. Supplies. Roster Demo SDS for example/questions to ask and review handout (collect at end and reuse) Other site specific materials. Purpose.

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hazard communication right to know

Hazard CommunicationRight-to-Know

INSERT GROUP AND DATE INFORMATION

SAMPLE PROGRAM

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

supplies
Supplies
  • Roster
    • Demo SDS for example/questions to ask and review handout (collect at end and reuse)
  • Other site specific materials

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

purpose
Purpose
  • Where can an employee can find information about the hazards of chemicals to which they may be exposed at work so that they can protect themselves from the effects of overexposure?
    • Physical hazards
    • Health hazards
  • Two laws:
    • OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard
    • NYS Right-to-Know Law

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

haz com standard major requirements
Haz Com Standard Major Requirements
  • Written plan
  • Inventory of chemicals
  • Safety Data Sheets and Labeling
  • Training of employees

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

training
Training
  • Haz Com standard and employers written plan
  • Hazardous chemicals properties and the methods used to detect their presence or release
  • Physical and health hazards associated with exposure
  • Procedures to protect against overexposures
  • Emergency procedures

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

goals of training
Goals of Training
  • Name two laws that protect an employee’s right-to-know about hazardous materials in the workplace.
  • Name two primary methods used to communicate chemical.
  • Name two ways chemicals, in general, can cause injury to the body.
  • Where can I find if a product I am handling can cause an increased risk of pregnancy loss or potentially cause cancer?
  • Where can I find the type of gloves I should be using?
  • Who can help me get more information about the chemicals I work with?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide7

Global Harmonization Standard

“Revising OSHA's Hazard Communication standard will improve the quality and consistency of hazard information, making it safer for workers to do their jobs and easier for employers to stay competitive.“

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

changes
Changes
  • New look to labels.
  • New pictograms on labels.
  • More standardized Safety Data Sheets.
    • Better Safety Data Sheet information.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

more consistent language what do you need to protect yourself
More Consistent LanguageWhat do you need to protect yourself?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

things that haven t changed
Things that haven’t changed:
  • Chemicals can only cause health effects when they come into contact with your body.
  • Routes of Entry
    • Skin contact (absorption through the skin or damage on contact to skin or eyes)
    • Inhalation
    • Ingestion
    • Injection

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

skin contact
Skin Contact
  • Skin irritation or injury
  • Skin absorption (some things are absorbed through the skin)

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide12
Some materials are absorbed through the skin:

Others irritate or burn the skin:

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

eye contact
Eye Contact

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

inhalation
Inhalation

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

exposure limits assumes 8 hrs day and 40 hrs week generally healthy worker population
Exposure Limitsassumes 8 hrs/day and 40 hrs/weekgenerally healthy worker population

PEL

TLV

Permissible Exposure Limit

Legally enforceable

For both the PEL and TLV, the higher the number, the less toxic a material is, the more you can inhale without injury

Threshold Limit Value

More responsive to new scientific information

There are other exposure limits that may also be used.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

ingestion
Ingestion

AMA's Current Procedural Terminology, Revised 1998 Edition. 

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

injection
Injection

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

common sense rules around chemicals
Common Sense: Rules Around Chemicals
  • Respect fire hazard and be prepared to respond to fires, spills, and other emergencies!
  • Understand the hazards associated with the chemicals.
  • Understand the personal protective equipment (PPE) that you need, and all safety procedures.
  • Use the smallest quantity of the least hazardous chemicals possible.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

more common sense rules
More Common Sense Rules
  • When dealing with dust, use wet methods when you can.
  • Wash after chemical use.
  • Don’t eat or drink around hazardous chemicals.
  • Remove protective clothing and equipment when you have finished the job.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

common sense
Common Sense
  • Don’t mix different chemicals without authorization.
  • Don’t super-concentrate chemicals that the manufacturer intended to have diluted.
    • More is not necessarily better.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

planning for chemical use
Planning for Chemical Use
  • Engineering Controls
    • Do we need this chemical?
    • Can we isolate the chemical from the people?
  • Work Practice Controls
    • Can we minimize the ways it can impact a worker’s body?
  • Administrative Controls
    • Can we limit exposure to certain areas, time periods?
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    • Gloves, goggles, respirators, moon suits, etc.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

how are hazards communicated
How are hazards communicated?
  • Two important tools to supplement supervisor's orientation about hazardous materials in the workplace:
    • Labels
    • Safety Data Sheets

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

labels standardized form and language
Labels:Standardized Form and Language
  • Symbol – pictogram
  • Signal Word
    • Danger (more significant)
    • Warning
  • Standard hazard statement

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

pictograms
Pictograms
  • Black and white pictures with a red diamond border.
  • Pictures generally give a clue as to hazard.
  • If a number appears, the smaller the number, the greater the hazard!

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

hmis nfpa diamond
HMIS & NFPA Diamond
  • 0 means almost no hazard
  • 4 means extreme danger

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

new ghs pictograms
New GHS Pictograms
  • If there is a number with GHS, the bigger the number the lesser the hazard!
  • Opposite direction from NFPA

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide29

Carcinogens cause cancer.

Mutagens cause harm to fetuses.

Reproductive toxins cause problems in pregnancy and/or getting pregnant (men and women).

Respiratory Sensitizer means you may have a heightened reaction on second exposure.

Target organ is the organ that is most effected.

Aspiration toxic means it irritates or harms when you inhale the liquid or solid.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide30

Flammable means vapors burn.

  • Pyrophorics will ignite spontaneously when exposed to air.
  • Organic peroxides can sometimes form explosive compounds by themselves.
  • Self igniters/heaters get warm over time with access to air.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide31

Irritants irritate.

  • Sensitizers cause more severe second-exposure reactions.
  • Acute – short term
  • Chronic – long term

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide32

Gas under pressure can release pressure quickly – causing mechanical hazards and releasing large volumes of gas that can displace air (suffocation potential) or be toxic.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide35

Oxidizers can cause or contribute to fire in other materials.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

bondit
Bondit
  • This section for the SDS can be used if more appropriate for some employee groups.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 1 identification
Section 1, Identification
  • product identifier
  • manufacturer or distributor info
  • emergency phone number
  • recommended use
  • restrictions on use

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

what s the name of the product and what s the phone number of the manufacturer what is it used for
What’s the name of the product and what’s the phone number of the manufacturer?What is it used for?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 2 hazard s identification
Section 2, Hazard(s) identification
  • hazards regarding the chemical
  • required label elements

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide43

What happens if this gets in my eyes?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 3 composition information on ingredients
Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 4 first aid measures
Section 4, First-aid measures
  • important symptoms/ effects
  • acute, delayed
  • required treatment
  • What do I do if I got this all over my skin?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 5 fire fighting measures
Section 5, Fire-fighting measures

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide49
Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 7 handling and storage
Section 7, Handling and storage

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 8 exposure controls personal protection
Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 9 physical and chemical properties
Section 9, Physical and chemical properties

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 10 stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions
Section 10, Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

section 11 toxicological information
Section 11, Toxicological information

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide57

Section 12, Ecological information

  • Section 13, Disposal considerations
  • Section 14, Transport information
  • Section 15, Regulatory information
  • Section 16, Other information, includes the date of preparation or last revision.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

secondary labeling
Secondary Labeling
  • If you transfer chemicals to another container - it MUST be labeled.
    • Name of product
      • ABC Cleaner
    • General hazard warning information
      • WARNING: May cause eye irritation! Avoid eye contact!

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

nys right to know law 12 nycrr part 820
NYS Right-to-Know Law12 NYCRR Part 820
  • Notice to Employees posted.
  • MSDS/SDS information must be provided on request.
    • Must be provided within 72 hours of employee request (excluding weekends and holidays). The employee can not be required to work with a chemical for which the information has not been provided after that 72 hours, until the info is provided.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

initial and annual training for employees routinely exposed to toxic substances
Initial and annual training for employees routinely exposed to toxic substances.

The education and training program shall include, but may not be limited to, the following:

(a) the location of toxic substances to which the employee may be exposed;

(b) the properties of toxic substances to which employees may be exposed;

(c) the name or names of the toxic substance, including the generic or chemical name;

(d) the trade name of the chemical and any other commonly used name;

(e) the acute and chronic effects of exposure at hazardous levels;

(f) the symptoms of effects of exposure at hazardous levels;

(g) the potential for flammability, explosion and reactivity of such substance;

(h) appropriate emergency treatment;

(i) proper conditions for safe use and exposure to such toxic substance;

(j) procedures for cleanup of leaks and spills of such toxic substance.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide64

Recordkeeping requirements

  • Protection from disciplinary actions for exercising rights under this law.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

where do you get chemical info
Where do you get chemical info?
  • Insert info for given campus.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

goals of training1
Goals of training
  • Name two laws that protect an employee’s right-to-know about hazardous materials in the workplace.
    • OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard
    • NYS’s Right-to-Know Law
  • Name two primary methods used to communicate chemical.
    • Labels
    • Safety Data Sheets

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide69

Name two ways chemicals, in general, can cause injury to the body.

    • There are four “routes of entry” – skin contact, inhalation, ingestion, and injection.
  • Where can I find info if a product I am handling can cause an increased risk of pregnancy loss or potentially cause cancer?
    • Info would be on a SDS. Discuss with your healthcare provider.
  • Where can I find the type of gloves I should be using?
    • Info would be on the SDS and often the label.

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

slide70

Who can help me get more information about the chemicals I work with?

DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12