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OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION 2013 PowerPoint Presentation
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frances-woods

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OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION 2013
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  1. OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION 2013 GHS: A WORLDWIDE SYSTEM FOR HAZARD COMMUNICATION

  2. Goals & Objectives • Define what Hazard Communication (HAZCOM) is and its purpose. • Explain the Global Harmonized System and how it effects HAZCOM. • Review the four major components of HAZCOM. • Learn the new Pictograms & understand Safety Data Sheets

  3. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Why Hazard Communication and Chemical Safety • Chemicals are all around us every day. • Chemicals can be: • Corrosive. • Reactive. • Flammable. • Explosive. • Oxidizing. • Inert.

  4. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Why Hazard Communication & Chemical Safety • In many cases, the chemicals you may be dealing with at work are no more dangerous than those you use at home. • However, in the workplace: • Exposure likely more often • Concentrations likely higher • Longer duration of exposure

  5. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Purpose of the Hazard Communication Standard • To inform employees about hazardous chemicals they work with • Information provided through: • Information on Chemical Labels • Safety Data Sheets • Training on Hazard Communication • Written HAZCOM Program • It is your “Right to Know”

  6. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Four Major Parts Written HAZCOM Program Container Labeling Requirements Safety Data Sheets Employee Training

  7. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary

  8. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Global Harmonized System is : • Standardizing chemical classifying and labeling on a global scale. • Internationally Comprehensible. • Provides consistent and simplified communications. • Improved labeling provides greater hazard awareness.

  9. GHS IMPLEMENTATION DATES Dec. 1, 2013 June 1, 2015 June 1, 2016 Dec. 1, 2015 • Manufacturers must update all container labels being distributed to GHS format Employers must train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format • Manufacturers must reclassify chemicals per GHS requirements • Manufacturers must update all MSDS to SDS • Employers must have all MSDS replaced with SDS • Employers must update all in-house secondary container labels to meet GHS requirements

  10. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Key Elements of Written HAZCOM Program A COPY OF THE COMPANY WRITTEN HAZCOM PROGRAM IS AVAILABLE FOR YOU TO REVIEW IN OUR OFFICE • Chemical inventory list of all chemicals used in the workplace. Updated when new chemicals are obtained. • Obtaining Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for all chemicals within our inventory. • Method for ensuring all chemicals are labeled. • Employee training requirements.

  11. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Container Labeling • New labeling system being implemented over next few years • GHS Compliant • “Pictograms” are a key component you must learn

  12. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Primary vs. Secondary Labels • Primary Labels come from manufacturer. • GHS now mandates how these primary labels must appear. • Secondary Labels used when roofer places chemical into a smaller “secondary” container. • Examples include: • gasoline cans • spray bottles filled with membrane cleaner • bucket full of paint • Etc. Secondary Labels must provide the same level of information to employees as primary labels. Best practice is to replicate the shipping primary labels.

  13. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary MAJOR CHANGES IN HAZCOM 2012Primary Container Labeling • There are six major primary label elements: • Signal Words • Hazard Statements • Precautionary Statements • Product Identification • Supplier/Manufacturer Identification • Symbols called “Pictograms” • Internationally Recognized Pictograms

  14. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Labels: Signal Word • Used to indicate the severity of the hazard and alert employees to the potential hazard. • Only 2 signal words will appear: • “DANGER”(more severe hazard) • “WARNING” (less severe hazard) • Not all labels will have a signal word. Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the label.

  15. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Labels: Hazard Statement • There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard classification. • Examples: • Flammable liquid and vapor • Causes skin irritation • May cause cancer

  16. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Label: Precautionary Statements • Measures that should be taken to protect against hazardous exposures, or improper storage or handling of a chemical. Examples: • Wear safety goggles • Wear neoprene gloves • Wash with soap and water • Store in a well ventilated place • Wear respiratory protection

  17. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Label: Identification All six required label elements on new GHS compliant label. Manufacturer & Product identification

  18. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Labels: Pictograms • There are 9 pictograms. • Health Hazards • Physical Hazards • Environmental Hazards

  19. Labeling - Pictograms

  20. Labeling - Pictograms

  21. Labeling - Pictograms

  22. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary • Sample Primary Label • Items in blue required GHS elements. Sample Primary Label

  23. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Unacceptable Secondary Labeling

  24. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Acceptable Secondary Labeling Procedures. Minimize use of secondary containers, use primary. Secondary label must effectively relay same information as primary. Best practice is to duplicate labels for products you often move into secondary containers. (one method is quicklable.com) No label required if kept in full control of roofer and used in same shift. www.quicklabel.com

  25. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Previously known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • GHS new term is SDS. • Prior MSDS’s had very little standardized format which led to confusion. • All SDS’s will have a consistent 16 section format with consistent terminology

  26. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • You will receive specific training on the chemicals you work with through safety meetings, tool box talks, and on the job by your foreman. • Safety Data Sheets are always available. • Ask your foreman should you wish to review them.

  27. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) SDSs contain all 16 Sections in specific order: • Section 1 - Identification: • Product ID • Manufacturer name, address, phone number • Emergency phone • Recommended use • Restrictions on use • Section 2 - Hazard identification: • All hazards • Required label elements

  28. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 3 - Composition: • Chemical name, synonyms • CAS number • Percentage of ingredients • Trade secret claims • Section 4 - First aid: • Required treatment for each route of exposure • Acute (immediate) symptoms, effects • Immediate, special treatments

  29. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 5 - Fire fighting: • Extinguishing techniques • Extinguishing equipment • Hazardous combustion products • Equipment, precautions for firefighters • Section 6 - Accidental release: • Personal precautions • Protective equipment • Emergency procedures • Containment and cleanup methods

  30. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 7 - Handling, storage: • Safe handling • Safe storage • Incompatible materials • Section 8 - Exposure control, Personal protection: • Permissible exposure limits (PELs) • Threshold limit values (TLVs), other exposure limits • Engineering controls • Personal protective equipment (PPE)

  31. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 9 - Physical, chemical properties: • Chemical appearance • Odor, odor threshold • Physical properties (pH, flash point, flammability limits, vapor pressure and density, auto-ignition temp., decomposition temp., viscosity, etc.) • Section 10 - Stability, reactivity • Conditions to avoid • Incompatible materials • Hazardous decomposition products

  32. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 11 - Toxicological information: • Routes of exposure • Immediate, chronic effects • Toxicity data • Carcinogenicity • Section 12 - Ecological information (non-mandatory): • Eco toxicity • Biodegradability

  33. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 13 - Disposal considerations (non-mandatory): • Waste description • Waste handling, disposal • Section 14 - Transport information (non-mandatory) • DOT shipping name, hazard class, packing group • UN number

  34. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety data sheet (SDS) • Section 15 - Regulatory information (non-mandatory): • Product-specific safety, health, environmental regulations • Section 16 - Other information: • Date of SDS’s preparation or last revision

  35. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Key Terms & Definitions • Flashpoint: The lowest temp. at which a liquid produces enough vapor to ignite. • Flammable: Any substance easily ignited and quick burning including liquids with a flashpoint under 100 degrees Fahrenheit. • Toxic: Any substance (alone or via chemical reaction) able to cause harm/injury to the body through absorption, ingestion, inhalation, or injection. • Caustic/Corrosive: Any substance able to burn, damage, corrode organic tissue by chemical reaction. • PEL: (Permissible Exposure Limit) OSHA standard recognized as the maximum amount or concentration of chemical a worker may be exposed to over an 8-hour work day.

  36. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Physical Hazard vs. Health Hazard • Chemicals can be: • Physical hazards are exhibited by certain chemicals because of their physical properties (e.g., flammability, reactivity, etc.) • Health hazard - Occurs when a chemical produces an acute or chronic health effect on exposed employees.

  37. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary

  38. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Acute vs. Chronic Health Effects • Chronic • Develop slowly • Effects aren’t seen until later in life • May not see, feel, or smell the danger • Examples include asbestosis, silicosis, mesothelioma, lung cancer from cigarette smoke, chronic hearing loss • Acute: • Occurs quickly • Usually occur after exposure to high concentrations • Examples: Fiberglass can cause immediate itchiness, extremely loud noises can cause hearing damage, high concentrations of Carbon Monoxide (CO) can lead to death.

  39. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Safety Data Sheet Review • Review Gasoline SDS Handout

  40. Overview • What is Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Written Program • Container Labeling • Signal Words • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Identifications • Pictograms • Sample Label • Secondary Labeling • Safety Data Sheets • 16 Elements • Key Terms & definitions • Summary Summary • It is your “right to know”. The HAZCOM Program and SDS’s are available for you at anytime. • All secondary containers MUST be labeled and relay all pertinent information listed on primary label. • New SDS’s and Labels will be filtering into the workplace over the next two years. • There are 9 new pictograms that will help us recognized hazards related to chemicals. • If you ever have any questions, ASK!

  41. Questions?