Amendment 1 • Freedom of Speech- right to speak without censorship or limitation • Freedom of Religion- freedom of belief/worship. No state sponsored religion. • Freedom of the Press- freedom of communication and expression in electronic media and published materials • Freedom of assembly- right to come together and express common interests • Right to petition- right to make a complaint to the government
Amendment 2 • Right to keep and bear arms- assertion that people have a personal right to weapons
Amendment 3 • Protection from quartering of troops- The military cannot house its troops at private residences without the consent of the owners.
Amendment 4 • Protection from unreasonable search and Seizure- law enforcement needs a warrant supported by probable cause in order to search you.
Amendment 5 • Due process- the government must respect all the legal right owed to a person according to the law. (what the govhas to do before taking your freedom) • Double jeopardy- Can’t be tried twice for the same crime. • Self-incrimination- Cant be forced to testify against yourself. • Eminent domain- The government can take your property if they pay you a fair price.
Amendment 6 • Trial by jury- Right to an impartial jury. • Confrontation clause- the accused has the right to know who is saying they’ve committed the crime, and to ask them questions. • Speedy Trial- right to a quick trial. • Public Trial: Public trial in the area where the crime was committed. • Right to Counsel- If you can’t afford a lawyer, the court will give you one.
Amendment 7 • Civil trial by jury- In all cases over $1500.00 you have the right to a jury trial. (It used to be $20.00)
Amendment 8 • Prohibition of excessive bail- Bail is the money given to the court as a promise that the accused with return for their trial. If they don’t show up, they lose their bail. • Cruel and unusual punishment- the problem- what exactly is cruel or unusual?
Amendment 9 • Protection of rights not specifically listed in the bill of rights- Just because it isn't in the constitution, doesn’t mean that you don’t have the right.
Amendment 10 • Powers of states and people- Any powers not specifically given to the national government are left to the states and the people.