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Bill of Rights

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Bill of Rights
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Bill of Rights

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  1. Bill of Rights Constitution

  2. What is the importance of the Bill of Rights? • The Bill of Rights protects civil liberties. • Civil liberties—freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment • Individual Liberties– cannot be taken away from you. Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  3. What freedoms does the First Amendment guarantee? • Freedom of religion • Freedom of speech • Freedom of the press • Freedom of assembly • Freedom of petition Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  4. What are the limits to First Amendment freedoms? • Compelling public interest—the safety and security of Americans • Free speech does not include • Inciting a riot • Spreading lies in speech or printed matter Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  5. How are other rights protected? • The Second Amendment • Allows individual citizens to keep and bear arms • Allows militia members to bear arms Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  6. How are other rights protected? (cont’d) • The Third Amendment • Requires consent for soldiers to move into private home during peacetime • Requires that Congress authorize the practice in times of war Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  7. How are the rights of the accused protected? • The Fourth Amendment • Protects against unreasonable search and seizure • The Fifth Amendment • Requires indictment for serious federal crime • Protects against double jeopardy • Protects against self-incrimination • Limits governmental power of eminent domain Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  8. How are the rights of the accused protected? (cont’d) • The Sixth Amendment • Requires informing accused of charges • Guarantees trial by jury • Guarantees right to a lawyer • The Eighth Amendment • Allows for bail • Forbids cruel and unusual punishment Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  9. How are other rights protected? (cont’d) • The Seventh Amendment • Concerns civil cases • Guarantees jury trial if amount of money involved is more than $20 • Does not require jury trial; dispute may be decided by a judge Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights

  10. How are other rights protected? (cont’d) • The Ninth Amendment • Guarantees additional unwritten rights to citizens • The Tenth Amendment • Reserves any powers not given to the federal government to the states Lesson 4, Chapter 6, The Bill of Rights