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Concussions and Headgear Tyler Kohmetscher
Definition • A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull
Signs and Symptoms • Thinking and remembering • Feeling slowed down • Not thinking clearly • Not being able to remember new information • Not being able to concentrate • Physical • Fuzzy or blurry vision • Headache • Sensitivity to light or noise • Feeling tired or having no energy • Dizziness • Balance problems • Nausea and vomiting
Signs and Symptoms (cont) • Emotional and mood • Sad • Easily upset or angered • More emotional • Nervous or anxious • Sleep • Sleeping less than usual • Sleeping more than usual • Having a hard time falling asleep
Factors affecting Concussions BPS Model • Biological • Female • Child • Psychological • Having to “suck it up” for parents, coaches • Pressure to perform • Social • Relationships with parents or coaches • Live up to social gender roles • Males show no signs of weakness
Diagnosis • ImPACT Test • Taken at beginning of year before beginning athletics • Baseline to test if you experienced concussion later • Memory, attention span, and reaction time • Physician • Check for attention span, memory and reaction time
Headgear • Became popular in the 2003 Women’s World Cup • Resembles an enlarged headband • Weighs less then 2 ounces • Covers forehead, temple, and occipital bone in the back of the head
Stats for Headgear • In a population studied, • 47.8% had experienced symptoms of a concussion during the current soccer year. • 26.9% of athletes who wore headgear had concussions • 52.8% of those who did not wear headgear had concussions • More than one concussion was experienced by 50.0% of the concussed headgear athletes • 69.3% of the concussed No-head gear group had experience more than one concussion
Pros and Cons • Pros • Prevents concussions • Makes you more confident in playing harder • Not scare • Cons • Not comfortable • Makes you look not very “cool” • Can still suffer concussion whether wearing it or not
References • Concussion - WebMD: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. (n.d.). WebMD - Better information. Better health. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview • Broglio, S., Yu, Y., Broglio, M., & Sell, T. (n.d.). The Efficacy of Soccer Headgear. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P
References • LONGMAN, J. (n.d.). The New York Times > Sports > Soccer > Soccer Headgear: Does It Do Any Good? The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/27/sports/soccer/27soccer.html?_r=2& • Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2012). Health psychology: biopsychosocial interactions (7th ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.
References • Concussion. (n.d.). MedicineNet. Retrieved December 12, 2013, from http://www.medicinenet.com/brain_concussion/page4.htm • Delaney, S., & Drummond, R. (2008). The effect of protective headgear on head injuries and concussions in adolescent football (soccer) players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(2), 110-115. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from the Academic Search Premier database.