Concussions Jack Long 3rd period
Causes and transmissions • Concussions are caused by a sudden blow, fall, or injury to the head. • The most common ways for someone to get a concussion is through a motor vehicle accident or a sports injury. • For example, a motorcyclist may fall off their motorcycle in an accident and hit their head on the pavement. Or a boxer may receive an uppercut to the head.
Target population • Anyone is equally susceptible to get a concussion. • The people who are most at risk are athletes who play contact sports and motorists.
effects on cns/pns • Concussions are simply a bruise to the brain. But some concussions can cause internal bleeding in the head. • Athletes who had a concussion in college, had greater memory loss later on in life than athletes who didn't. • Concussions can also lead to life-threatening disorders such as depression
SymPTOms • Symptoms may appear subtle and not be immediately noticeable • The most common symptoms of a concussion are headaches, amnesia, and confusion. Other Symptoms- • loss of conciousness • feeling of pressure on head • dizziness • ringing in ears • fatigue • nausea/vomiting
concUSSIOn HITS • Stevan Ridley hit • Colt McCoy hit
prognosis • Most people recover in about 6-12 weeks. • Recovery will be slower with those who have had previous concussion, and with the elderly. • A small percentage of people will develop long lasting symptoms from their concussion.
cures and treatments There is no known cure for a concussion, simply because it is just a bruise to the brain. Treatment- • The best treatment for a concussion is rest and observation by an adult or doctor. • Advil or other pain killer is acceptable for neck and head pain • It is critical to stay away from television and reading/school work to allow the brain to rest.
notable celebrities • Troy Aikman has had around 10 known concussions • Junior Seau had multiple concussions during his career, • which are now linked to his suicide in summer 2012.
organizations • The NFL and other professional sports leagues are working hard to reduce the risk of concussions and work on the technological advancement of athletic equipment.
works cited • Concussion. (2010). In M. H. Ferrara (Ed.), Human Diseases and Conditions (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 408-411). Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2830200103&v=2.1&u=cary81451&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w • What is Brain Trauma? (2009). In H. Marcovitz, Diseases & Disorders. Brain Trauma (pp. 10-24). Detroit: Lucent Books. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3241600007&v=2.1&u=cary81451&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w • Phend, C. (2009, January 29). Concussions appear to have lifelong impact on brain. Retrieved from http://www.medpagetoday.com/CriticalCare/HeadTrauma/1262 • Mayo Clinic Staff. (n.d.). Symptoms. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/concussion/DS00320/DSECTION=symptoms