1 / 35


EQUIPMENT/INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION. Elango Minnoor, Ph.D., M.B.A., Sr. Manager, Quality Control, Biocon Ltd. Agenda. Introduction Equipment/Instrument Qualification Equipment/Instrument Calibration Conclusion. Equipment/Instrument - Classification.

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. EQUIPMENT/INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION Elango Minnoor, Ph.D., M.B.A., Sr. Manager, Quality Control, Biocon Ltd

  2. Agenda • Introduction • Equipment/Instrument Qualification • Equipment/Instrument Calibration • Conclusion

  3. Equipment/Instrument - Classification • All analytical devices can be classified under 2 categories viz. Equipment and Instrument.

  4. Lab’s Goal - Reliable Results • Reliable instruments • Buying the right instrument • Ensuring its performance (accuracy, precision, etc) • Validity of analytical methods • Proper training of analysts

  5. Choosing the Right Instrument • Start with Accurate Monitoring Instruments: No matter how sophisticated the calibration procedure is, it cannot compensate for the inherent performance limits of the instruments it calibrates. • No amount of calibration or re-calibration will improve the accuracy of an instrument as a measuring device.

  6. Choosing the Right Instrument - Contd • Is the instrument calibration NIST traceable? • Tells about the instrument/standard that was used for calibration • Nothing about the performance of the test instrument itself

  7. Components of Analytical Instruments • The collective analytical measurement instruments, in conjunction with firmware, assembled to perform a mechanical process. • A device or collection of components that perform a process to produce a result

  8. Instrument Procurement and Life Cycle

  9. Why is Qualification & Calibration Necessary? • Qualification • It basically proves that the equipment works correctly and actually leads to accurate and reliable results • Calibration • Ensures that on an on-going basis that the equipment is performing properly • Often times, these tests are sub-set of the qualification tests performed

  10. Responsibility • "Users are ultimately responsible for instrument operations and data quality. The user's group encompasses analysts, their supervisors, instrument specialists and organization management.” • "Users should also be responsible for qualifying/calibrating their instruments, because their training and expertise in the use of instruments make them the best-qualified groups to design the instrument test(s) and specification(s) necessary for successful AIQ."

  11. Classification of instruments • Classify instruments into Group A, B and C • Group A • No measurement capability or requires calibration • Mixers, centrifuges, etc • Group B • Providing measurements or controlling physical parameters such as temperature, pressure,etc • Balance, thermometer, pH meter • Group C • Sophisticated instruments such as HPLC, GC, etc

  12. Qualification - Four Qs • Design Qualification (DQ) • Installation Qualification (IQ) • Operational Qualification (OQ) • Performance Qualification (PQ)

  13. Design Qualification • Documented collection of activities that defines functional and operational specifications/requirements • Criteria for selecting the vendor • Details the conscious decisions of the selection of the supplier

  14. Design Qualification - URS • Define location, shape and area needed • Define equipment (shelves, drawer needed?) • Define safety and environmental aspects (fire detector) • Define security requirements (on-line monitoring, locking system) • Define budget • Define basis and scale of qualification

  15. Installation Qualification - IQ • Establishes that the instrument is delivered as designed and specified, that it is properly installed in the selected environment, and that this environment is suitable for the operation and use of the instrument • When to do: • After system reconfiguration -Addition of modules -After system relocation.

  16. Installation Qualification - IQ • Requirements • Description: Provides a description of the instrument including all components including serial number, hardware version, location, etc • Delivery: Ensure that all the components, manual and spares have arrived as per PO • Utility/Facility/Environment: Installation site meets manufacturer’s requirement • Assembly & Installation: Assemble, install and do preliminary diagnostics • Network & Data Storage: Connect to network and check functionality

  17. Operational Qualification • The goal of this test is to demonstrate that the system operates as intended after placement in a user's environment • OQ verifies key aspects of instrument performance without the aspects of any contributory effects that could be introduced by a method. • Verify that the main operating parameters—injection volume, flow rate, mobile-phase mixing, column thermostating temperature, and detection wavelength are within their specified limits for accuracy and precision.

  18. Performance Qualification - PQ • Demonstrate that instrument performs consistently as per specifications defined by the user and is appropriate for the intended use • Requirements • Set up experiments to verify the performance of the instrument • When to do: • After Preventive Maintenance • After major module service • After system reconfiguration

  19. Calibration Program – Quality System • System must be in place to ensure that all instruments are calibrated and also to prevent use of an instrument that is not calibrated, unusable due to damage or malfunction, or has exceeded its established calibration interval • System must be in place that identifies instruments that do not require calibration to be performed beyond the original or factory calibration to distinguish from those instruments that do require scheduled calibrations

  20. Calibration Frequency • manufacturer’s recommendations • relevant procedures – sensitive? • instrument performance history • overall impact of non-compliances in the calibration process and previous experience of the laboratory technical staff.

  21. Unplanned Calibration “Unplanned” Calibration can be called for: • When the instrument is physically moved to a different location within a lab • Questionable or ambiguous results are obtained – perhaps as a part of investigation

  22. Calibration Specification • Instrument calibration tolerance limits should be established so problems are identified and corrected in a timely manner • When assigning tolerances, considerations given to: • Capability of the instrument being calibrated (what the manufacturer claims the instrument can achieve). • Parameters at which the instrument operates (ex: if testing accuracy of + 0.5% is required, the instrument calibration tolerances should be <0.5%) • Work environment - environmental conditions can affect the performance of the instrumentation

  23. Success of Calibration Success of calibration depends on the following : • Consistency of results obtained • Recognition and mitigation of outlier/potential outliers • Scientifically designed calibration frequency

  24. Calibration – Quality System • Specific Directions • Schedules • Limits of accuracy & precision • Remedial Actions • Systems to prevent usage of instruments failing calibration

  25. Tracking Instruments for Calibration Status • Each instrument given a unique identifier • Instrumentation details associated with this number must be documented and available (e.g. serial number, model number, location, etc.) • Each instrument should be labeled with the unique identifier • Calibration status of each instrument , the date of calibration, the next calibration date and the identification of person performing calibration should be readily available • Appropriate systems to document calibration status include calibration logs and calibration stickers

  26. Calibration Process • Written calibration procedures that use traceable calibration standards or calibration equipment. • Qualified individuals (having the appropriate education, training, background and experience) responsible for calibrating & maintaining instrumentation • Second person check of all calibration tests • Qualified individuals responsible for monitoring the calibration • Ensure the calibration program and procedures are reviewed and approved by Quality

  27. Calibration Process - Contd • Each calibration & maintenance procedure should include the following: • Identification of department responsible to perform the calibration or maintenance • Step-by-step calibration instructions, reference to appropriate calibration procedures or instrument manuals • Methods for preventive maintenance or reference to appropriate instrumentation manuals • Calibration equipment used in the calibration are valid (e.g. spectroscopy filters, voltmeters, digital thermometers, etc) • Calibration parameter and tolerance ( + )

  28. Out-of-Calibration Procedure • If calibration is not complete within time. • Results from the calibration do no meet set criteria. Identification of Causes • Training of analyst for calibration procedures. • Glassware/Standards – Cleanliness, Validity etc. • History of malfunction/breakdown and maintenance. • Review of previous calibration report.

  29. Out-of-Calibration Procedure - Contd • Data generated from the successful calibration till the next calibration is evaluated for the “Impact”. If Impact analysis reveals suspect results, random batches/products are picked up and analyzed and results are compared to the ones obtained from OOC instrument. • If the results are different, then appropriate evaluation and justification need to be provided (QC/QA). • Based on the outcome of the investigation, CAPA is implemented and the re-calibration is performed.

  30. Records for Calibration • All calibration records must be retained per document retention procedures • Should include “as found” measurements, results of adjustments (“as left”) and appropriate review & approval of all results • Tolerance or limit for each calibration point • Identification of standard or test instrument used • Identification of persons performing the work and checking the results with dates

  31. After Calibration • Review must ensure the approved activities have been completed and all results have passed the established acceptance criteria • Actions to be taken if instrumentation cannot be calibrated (e.g. contact appropriate service people, label and remove from service) • A step to record all calibration & maintenance activities • Periodic review of historic calibration & maintenance data to evaluate appropriateness of established frequencies

  32. HPLC – Calibration Tests • Injection Volume • Accuracy • Precision • Linearity • Mobile phase • Flow rate precision • Accuracy • Precision

  33. HPLC – Calibration Tests - Contd • Column Oven • Thermostat accuracy • Thermostat precision • Detectors • Wavelength accuracy • Response linearity • Signal-to-noise ratio

  34. Conclusion • Qualification/Calibration are not optional but needed for regulatory compliance • A strong calibration program ensures: • Highly Efficient Lab • Reliable Results • Quality Product • Patient Safety

  35. Thank You • Any Questions?

More Related